### Top 10 Socarxiv Papers Today in Social And Behavioral Sciences

##### #1. Conversational Agent Research Toolkit: An alternative for creating and managing chatbots for experimental research
###### Theo Araujo
Conversational agents in the form of chatbots available in messaging platforms are gaining increasing relevance in our communication environment. Based on natural language processing and generation techniques, they are built to automatically interact with users in several contexts. We present here a tool, the Conversational Agent Research Toolkit (CART), aimed at enabling researchers to create conversational agents for experimental studies. CART integrates existing APIs frequently used in practice and provides functionality that allows researchers to create and manage multiple versions of a chatbot to be used as stimuli in experimental studies. This paper provides an overview of the tool and provides a step-by-step tutorial of to design an experiment with a chatbot.
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###### Tweets
socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Conversational Agent Research Toolkit: An alternative for creating and managing chatbots for experimental research https://t.co/7G5pEBggvH
###### Github

Conversational Agent Research Toolkit

Repository: CART
User: uvacw
Language: Python
Stargazers: 1
Subscribers: 4
Forks: 0
Open Issues: 1
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 5462
Unqiue Words: 1756

##### #2. Kalesang dorp in Context De bouw van Village
###### M Chairul Basrun Umanailo
Kalesang Village is an innovative program of regional leaders to improve the well-being and economic standard of rural communities, a strong desire to involve the entire community comes together in assisting the implementation of the village. Objective examined Kalesang Village solely for reviewing how far the success of the program was to the community in rural development. In research and studies conducted using qualitative research approach to strengthen and formalize the findings of the field. That what has been done in the village of Kalesang Program evokes patronage and downstream program where community involvement is not the result of consciousness has awakened, but because of problems of bureaucratic structures that create dependence on the direction of companion gave birth to participation this village working units (SKPD). The most important thing that is related to indicator of success and engagement that is not that perceived can be found needs no improvement and changes in patterns of approach and implementation in the field
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Kalesang dorp in Context De bouw van Village https://t.co/e47Zdo4QPI
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Total Words: 3336
Unqiue Words: 1331

##### #3. The Christmas Market Attack in Berlin and Attitudes Toward Refugees: A Natural Experiment with Data from the European Social Survey
###### Christof Nägel, Mark Lutter
ABSTRACT: Using a quasi-experimental research design, this study examines changes in attitudes toward refugees after the terrorist attack on the Berlin Christmas Market of December 19, 2016. In our analysis, we make use of random variation in the field period of the European Social Survey (ESS) to fashion a natural experimental design. The survey’s field period took place in Germany from August 23, 2016, to March 26, 2017. Hence, the Christmas market attack took place approximately halfway through the ESS’s field phase, thus making it possible to study the causal effect on changing attitudes toward minorities before and after the attack. We argue that the terrorist attack creates a spillover effect and negatively shapes public opinion of uninvolved ethnic minorities. Our data analysis suggests that immediately after the event, only people with a right-wing political attitude appear to be affected by the proposed spillover effect. However, we find that the worsening of attitudes toward refugees can also be observed in the general...
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###### Tweets
socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: The Christmas Market Attack in Berlin and Attitudes Toward Refugees: A Natural Experiment with Data from the European Social Survey https://t.co/hfsDAb2rqd
Mark_Lutter: New working paper, with Christof Nägel: "The Christmas Market Attack in Berlin and Attitudes Toward Refugees: A Natural Experiment with Data from the European Social Survey" https://t.co/Aob5I5x2w7 @socarxiv @socarxivpapers
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 8041
Unqiue Words: 2660

##### #4. Trojan Horse, Copycat, or Scapegoat? Unpacking the Refugees-Terrorism Nexus
###### Sara M.T. Polo, Julian Wucherpfennig
Widespread fear that hosting refugees will mean more terrorism in host states is at the heart of the refugee crisis'. Yet, we lack rigorous evidence for such claims. This article theoretically unpacks how and under what conditions transnational refugee movements plausibly lead to different types of terrorist outcomes. Combining original data with a multi-pronged approach involving a treatment-placebo design as well as instrumental variable estimation, we provide systematic and robust evidence that sheds new light on the security implications of forced migration. Our findings challenge the claim that hosting refugees heightens the risk of `importing'' terrorist attacks against nationals of host countries, especially in developed countries. However, in these countries refugees themselves are particularly prone to becoming the targets of terrorist attacks by natives, driven by fear and revenge. Dominant policy responses to the refugee crisis that raise fears and suspicions are therefore not only ill-suited, but potentially...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Trojan Horse, Copycat, or Scapegoat? Unpacking the Refugees-Terrorism Nexus https://t.co/zws6ut8bVZ
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Total Words: 11343
Unqiue Words: 3378

##### #5. How to align disciplinary ideals with actual practices: Transparency and openness in archaeological science
###### Ben Marwick, Li-Ying Wang
Archaeology is a highly diverse community of researchers without universally adopted methods,concepts, or theoretical perspectives. One ideal that unites us is that we typically perceive of ourselves as contributing to the public good by helping to understand and preserve the past (Chippindale 1994). We act as stewards for archaeological sites and artefacts, and we work to correct misinformed views of the past that might have sinister motives. However, many of the current norms of archaeological practice are at odds with these ideals of archaeology. We share relatively little of our research with each other or the public. Typically we produce a journal article or monograph as a final product, but we rarely share the data files or computational methods that generated those final products, nor do we share our written work in ways that are readily accessible to the public. This suggests a gap between current practice and ideals. It also limits the reproducibility of our research, and the efficiency with which new methods can spread...
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###### Tweets
socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: How to align disciplinary ideals with actual practices: Transparency and openness in archaeological science https://t.co/r5nlaDJA1i
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 6966
Unqiue Words: 2451

##### #6. Economic Precarity and the Gender Revolution: Young Adults' Division of Labor in Their Future Families
###### Brittany N. Dernberger, Joanna Pepin
Acceptance of mothers’ labor force participation is commonly considered evidence of support for gender equality. This approach overlooks perceptions of both men’s and women’s behavior in public and private spheres. Using Monitoring the Future surveys (1976–2014) to trace youths’ imagined division of labor arrangements, we show a more complicated picture of gender attitudes. Over this period, contemporary young people exhibited greater openness to a variety of division of labor scenarios for their future selves as parents, although the husband-as-breadwinner/wife-as-homemaker setup remained most desired. Using latent class analysis, we identify six configurations of attitudes: conventionalists, neo-traditionalists, conventional realists, dual-earners, intensive parents, and strong intensive parents. None of the configurations are gender egalitarian, showing equal support for both parents’ earning and care work. Race predicts preferences more than gender. By 2014, a greater proportion of young White people were classified as...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Economic Precarity and the Gender Revolution: Young Adults' Division of Labor in Their Future Families https://t.co/KOJs05wYOH
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##### #7. Black Holes and Purple Squirrels: A Tale of Two Online Labor Markets
###### Steve McDonald, Amanda Damarin, Jenelle Lawhorne, Annika Wilcox
The Internet and social media have fundamentally transformed the ways in which individuals find jobs. Relatively little is known about how demand-side market actors use online information and the implications for social stratification and mobility. This study provides an in-depth exploration of the online recruitment strategies pursued by human resource (HR) professionals. Qualitative interviews with 61 HR recruiters in two southern US metro areas reveal two distinct patterns in how they use Internet resources to fill jobs. For low and general skill work, they post advertisements to online job boards (e.g., Monster, CareerBuilder) with massive audiences of job seekers. By contrast, for high-skill or supervisory positions, they use LinkedIn to target passive candidates – employed individuals who are not looking for work but might be willing to change jobs. Although there are some intermediate practices, the overall picture is one of an increasingly bifurcated “winner-take-all” labor market in which recruiters focus their efforts on...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Black Holes and Purple Squirrels: A Tale of Two Online Labor Markets https://t.co/YdK43M3mkG
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Authors: 4
Total Words: 13347
Unqiue Words: 3973

##### #8. Multilevel Simulation of Demography and Food Production in Ancient Agrarian Societies: A Case Study from Roman North Africa
###### Nicolas Gauthier
Feedbacks between population growth, food production, and the environment were central to the growth and decay of ancient agrarian societies. Population growth increases both the number of mouths a society must feed and the number of people working to feed them. The balance between these two forces depends on the population's age structure. Although age structure ultimately reflects individual fertility and mortality, it is households that make decisions about the production and consumption of food, and their decisions depend on interactions with all other households in a settlement. How do these organizational levels interact to influence population growth and regulation? Here, I present a multi-level agent-based model of demography, food production, and social interaction in agricultural societies. I use the model to simulate the interactions of individuals, households, and settlements in a food-limited environment, and investigate the resulting patterns of population growth. Using Roman North Africa as a motivating example, I...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Multilevel Simulation of Demography and Food Production in Ancient Agrarian Societies: A Case Study from Roman North Africa https://t.co/jYdjzdMZx2
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##### #9. The Impact of BMI on Mental Health: Further Evidence from Genetic Markers
###### Vikesh Amin, Carlos A Flores, Alfonso Flores-Lagunes
We examine the relationship between BMI and mental health for young adults and elderly individuals using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and the Health &amp; Retirement Study. While OLS estimates show that BMI is significantly associated with worse mental health in both young adulthood and old age, they are likely to be confounded by (i) unobserved factors that affect both BMI and mental health and (ii) reverse causality. To tackle confounding, we take two complementary approaches. First, we use a polygenic score for BMI as an IV and adjust for polygenic scores for other factors that may invalidate this IV. The IV estimates indicate that there is no statistically significant relationship between BMI and mental health for young adults, whereas there is a positive and statistically significant relationship for the elderly. Moreover, we show that IV estimates likely have to be interpreted as identifying a weighted average of effects of BMI on mental health mostly for individuals on the upper quantiles...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: The Impact of BMI on Mental Health: Further Evidence from Genetic Markers https://t.co/WD4SvevG8i
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Authors: 3
Total Words: 13418
Unqiue Words: 3149

##### #10. The Limits of Legal Transitions: the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) Program and the Psychological Wellbeing of Undocumented Youth
###### Caitlin Patler, Erin Hamilton, Robin Savinar
Policies that expand the rights of marginalized groups provide an additional level of structural integration, but these changes do not always come with broad social acceptance or recognition. What happens when a legally marginalized group attains increased rights but not full political or social inclusion? In particular, what are the mental health implications of these transitions for impacted groups? We bring together theories of liminal legality and stress process to offer a framework for understanding how expansions in the legal rights of a highly politicized and vulnerable social group can be initially beneficial, but can attenuate due to renewed or new stress events, chronic stressors, and anticipatory stressors. We use the case of Latina/o immigrant youth who transitioned from undocumented legal status to temporarily protected status under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program. Analyses of representative California statewide survey data from 2007-2017, combined with surveys and in-depth interviews with...
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