Top 10 Socarxiv Papers Today


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#1. Burglary and the Ideal Victim
Rob I. Mawby
In the latter quarter of the twentieth century, successive UK governments made burglary the focal point of policies aimed at harm reduction and crime prevention. This paper uses an adaptation of Christie's construction of the ideal victim is a useful way of explaining this. Three dimensions are distinguished: the ideal crime; the ideal victim; and the ideal offender. It is argued that burglary was the ideal crime, the burglary victim was the ideal victim, and the burglar constituted the ideal offender. More recently, a shift in government priorities has resulted in burglary no longer being accorded the same emphasis by policy makers. This is explained in terms of it no longer being considered the ideal crime. At the same time, burglary victims have been replaced by other victims considered more deserving, and other offenders who more starkly epitomise the evil outsider. While a change of direction may bring additional help for victims previously ignored, it is regrettable that the burglary victim may be returning to obscurity.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Burglary and the Ideal Victim https://t.co/pAPuNxjNo6
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Authors: 1
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#2. Protocol for “Effects of policy on fertility: A systematic review of (quasi)experiments”
Agnes Fauske, Rannveig Hart, Janna Bergsvik
Our systematic literature review "Effects of policy on fertility: A systematic review of (quasi-)experiments" synthesizes studies that take an experimental or quasi-experimental approach in studying the effect of policy on fertility. This protocol provides details on the process of searching and sorting beyond those provided in the pre-registration and final article.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Protocol for "Effects of policy on fertility: A systematic review of (quasi)experiments" https://t.co/7zh8LMS4yT
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#3. Why has burglary declined in the United States? Evidence relating to the security hypothesis
Graham Farrell
The 80 percent decline in residential burglary in the United States across the last four decades is a major phenomenon that remains largely unexplained. International research suggests there are grounds for investigation of the security hypothesis. The paucity of general information on household security means the present study identifies and interrogates information from burglary studies conducted in the last 50 years. When such studies are examined chronologically, a fragmented but consistent narrative emerges. It indicates that household security was largely absent prior to the 1970s but has since increased in prevalence, quality and routine use over time, while crime displacement has become less common. The shrinking and aging of the population of burglars, examined via arrest data is also consistent with the effects of household security improvements. The study concludes that there is good preliminary evidence in support of the security hypothesis, and that further research is warranted.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Why has burglary declined in the United States? Evidence relating to the security hypothesis https://t.co/TICYVnXZ3O
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#4. Agent-Based Modeling, Scientific Reproducibility, and Taphonomy: A Successful Model Implementation Case Study
Molly Carney, Benjamin Davies
There is a growing use of agent-based model (ABM) simulations to reconstruct past human-environment interactions. ABMs are useful in that they offer scientists the opportunity to model processes, phenomena, and study systems that may not be otherwise reproducible or testable. Replication or re-implementation studies of ABMs are, however, are infrequently undertaken, and there are few examples within archaeology or other social sciences. This paper documents the process of a successful ABM replication study, as well as two additional modifications to the original model. Results corroborate the findings of the original geoarchaeological model and indicate that episodic geomorphic events significantly affect archaeological deposit formation and the inferences drawn from associated radiocarbon records. One revision of the model further demonstrates that episodic fluvial events can create highly varied radiocarbon distributions. The second modification illustrates that excavation data helps to fill in hiatuses in radiocarbon...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Agent-Based Modeling, Scientific Reproducibility, and Taphonomy: A Successful Model Implementation Case Study https://t.co/w4zwBPCJfN
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#5. Finding the City in Sociology: Broadening and Deepening the Geographic Scope of the Urban and Inequality Literatures
Chris Prener
Cities have long been the object of fascination within sociology. Key portions of sociological literatures on inequality and globalization, for instance, have focused on urban spaces as essential sites for the production and reproduction of social life, and urban sociology itself is one of the oldest fields in the discipline. For all of this prominence, however, locating the city itself in these literatures can be difficult. Much of our understanding of urban life and urban social problems is derived from a relatively small number of American cities. Moreover, cities are often relegated to a supporting role as a research site rather than an institution worthy of interrogation. This article reviews the path that has brought a specific set of cities to the fore of American sociological analyses. In response, broadening literatures to cities in the literal and figurative American South and producing deeper literatures of specific cities can give sociology the opportunity to produce more representative and contextually rich analyses...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Finding the City in Sociology: Broadening and Deepening the Geographic Scope of the Urban and Inequality Literatures https://t.co/f0s2h8j0Wr
chrisprener: If you’re paywalled, you can read the @socarxiv preprint version - https://t.co/89V3pRfRgn The first two parts are quite a bit of inside baseball, but #StLouis folks might be interested in the final section, which gives an overview of the social science research on our city.
socarxiv: RT @chrisprener: If you’re paywalled, you can read the @socarxiv preprint version - https://t.co/89V3pRfRgn The first two parts are quite…
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#6. The Antecedent of Customer Satisfaction and Its Impact on Customer Retention in Tourism as Hospitality Industry
Andala Rama Putra Barusman, Evelin Putri Rulian, Susanto Susanto
Taking a case study of tourism as hospitality industry in Lampung Province in Indonesia, we analyze the antecedent of customer satisfaction and its impact on customer retention. Using Structural Equation Model (SEM), we find that customer relationship management has a significant impact on service quality, customer satisfaction and customer retention. Moreover, the impact of service quality on customer satisfaction and the one of customer satisfaction on customer retention are also significant. Relying on the findings, we recommend some strategies for the government of Lampung Province, e.g. training local people to behave more friendly in welcoming domestic or international tourists, fixing all lodging facilities, creating more souvenirs with Lampung’s ornaments and developing management system adopting global changes in technology, communication and trend.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: The Antecedent of Customer Satisfaction and Its Impact on Customer Retention in Tourism as Hospitality Industry https://t.co/v9fQuh4nC2
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Authors: 3
Total Words: 2740
Unqiue Words: 1117

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#7. Urban Street Network Analysis in a Computational Notebook
Geoff Boeing
Computational notebooks offer researchers, practitioners, students, and educators the ability to interactively conduct analytics and disseminate reproducible workflows that weave together code, visuals, and narratives. This article explores the potential of computational notebooks in urban analytics and planning, demonstrating their utility through a case study of OSMnx and its tutorials repository. OSMnx is a Python package for working with OpenStreetMap data and modeling, analyzing, and visualizing street networks anywhere in the world. Its official demos and tutorials are distributed as open-source Jupyter notebooks on GitHub. This article showcases this resource by documenting the repository and demonstrating OSMnx interactively through a synoptic tutorial adapted from the repository. It illustrates how to download urban data and model street networks for various study sites, compute network indicators, visualize street centrality, calculate routes, and work with other spatial data such as building footprints and points of...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Urban Street Network Analysis in a Computational Notebook https://t.co/3nJLqbkrvH
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 4391
Unqiue Words: 1834

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#8. Mapping the risk terrain for crime using machine learning
Andrew Wheeler, Wouter Steenbeek
Objectives: We illustrate how a machine learning algorithm, Random Forests, can provide accurate long-term predictions of crime at micro places relative to other popular techniques. We also show how recent advances in model summaries can help to open the ‘black box’ of Random Forests, considerably improving their interpretability. Methods: We generate long-term crime forecasts for robberies in Dallas at 200 by 200 feet grid cells that allow spatially varying associations of crime generators and demographic factors across the study area. We then show how using interpretable model summaries facilitate understanding the model’s inner workings. Results: We find that Random Forests greatly outperform Risk Terrain Models and Kernel Density Estimation in terms of forecasting future crimes using different measures of predictive accuracy, but only slightly outperform using prior counts of crime. We find different factors that predict crime are highly non-linear and vary over space. Conclusions: We show how using black-box machine...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Mapping the risk terrain for crime using machine learning https://t.co/8zji4Nonox
CrimAndyW: New preprint out with @WouterSteenbeek *Mapping the risk terrain for crime using machine learning*, https://t.co/HqUMJIy3Vb https://t.co/yUkl90a2X8
ManneGerell: RT @CrimAndyW: New preprint out with @WouterSteenbeek *Mapping the risk terrain for crime using machine learning*, https://t.co/HqUMJIy3Vb…
CAN_SEBP: RT @CrimAndyW: New preprint out with @WouterSteenbeek *Mapping the risk terrain for crime using machine learning*, https://t.co/HqUMJIy3Vb…
StanGilmour: RT @CrimAndyW: New preprint out with @WouterSteenbeek *Mapping the risk terrain for crime using machine learning*, https://t.co/HqUMJIy3Vb…
CBRNEsteve: RT @CrimAndyW: New preprint out with @WouterSteenbeek *Mapping the risk terrain for crime using machine learning*, https://t.co/HqUMJIy3Vb…
lewis_mayling: RT @CrimAndyW: New preprint out with @WouterSteenbeek *Mapping the risk terrain for crime using machine learning*, https://t.co/HqUMJIy3Vb…
mahcriminology: RT @CrimAndyW: New preprint out with @WouterSteenbeek *Mapping the risk terrain for crime using machine learning*, https://t.co/HqUMJIy3Vb…
Jacek_Koziarski: RT @CrimAndyW: New preprint out with @WouterSteenbeek *Mapping the risk terrain for crime using machine learning*, https://t.co/HqUMJIy3Vb…
routineactivity: RT @CrimAndyW: New preprint out with @WouterSteenbeek *Mapping the risk terrain for crime using machine learning*, https://t.co/HqUMJIy3Vb…
ArneDeBoeck: RT @CrimAndyW: New preprint out with @WouterSteenbeek *Mapping the risk terrain for crime using machine learning*, https://t.co/HqUMJIy3Vb…
GioCirco: RT @CrimAndyW: New preprint out with @WouterSteenbeek *Mapping the risk terrain for crime using machine learning*, https://t.co/HqUMJIy3Vb…
Alina_Ristea: RT @CrimAndyW: New preprint out with @WouterSteenbeek *Mapping the risk terrain for crime using machine learning*, https://t.co/HqUMJIy3Vb…
heidiwittie: RT @CrimAndyW: New preprint out with @WouterSteenbeek *Mapping the risk terrain for crime using machine learning*, https://t.co/HqUMJIy3Vb…
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 17576
Unqiue Words: 4413

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#9. Do they all fail? A comparative analysis of performance-related pay systems in local governments
Isabella Proeller, Anne-Kathrin Wenzel, Dominik Vogel, Riccardo Mussari, Donatella Casale, Emil Turc, Marcel Guenoun
The introduction of performance-related pay (PRP) in the public sector has been one of the main trends in public management reform in the last two decades. However, it seems that PRP regimes have been loosened or even backed off the reform agenda, often with the notion that they were not used as planned, failed to deliver, and ultimately were stalled as being an incompatible control instrument to the existing administrative culture. Focusing on the local government level in Germany, France and Italy, the authors explore the question why PRP systems have failed to manifest a core position in the performance oriented reform agendas. Diffusion and implementation practice in the three countries shows significant differences and leads to relevant heterogeneity and variance of implementation of PRP.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Do they all fail? A comparative analysis of performance-related pay systems in local governments https://t.co/sNapCyH4H7
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Authors: 7
Total Words: 4775
Unqiue Words: 1872

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#10. Statistics for Multimodality: why, when, how – an invitation
John A. Bateman, Tuomo Hiippala
Although the number of articles in visual and multimodal communication that include statistical validation of claimed results is increasing, we suggest in this article that this is by no means enough. Statistical methods should belong to every multimodality researcher's toolset precisely because the phenomena under study are subtle and complex. Without applying basic statistical techniques, it is difficult to know whether one 'has' a result or not. Moreover, even if statistical tests are not undertaken, bearing in mind that they should – in principle – be possible at some stage of research adds clarity to methodology and design. Improving awareness of this issue is particularly important at this time because multimodality now faces the challenge of moving on from a period of broad theory construction to studies that build on those foundations. Reliably locating significant patterns in data is a crucial precondition for such work and statistical methods provide established and well-understood techniques for just this task. The...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Statistics for Multimodality: why, when, how - an invitation https://t.co/QJhaDbY7Hz
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 14501
Unqiue Words: 3308

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