Top 10 Psyarxiv Papers Today in Social And Behavioral Sciences


2.039 Mikeys
#1. The Complex Emotion Expression Database: A validated stimulus set of trained actors.
Margaret S. Benda, K. Suzanne Scherf
The vast majority of empirical work investigating the mechanisms supporting the perception and recognition of facial expressions is focused on basic expressions. Less is known about the underlying mechanisms supporting the processing of complex expressions, which provide signals about emotions related to more nuanced social behavior and inner thoughts. Here, we introduce the Complex Emotion Expression Database (CEED), a digital stimulus set of 243 basic and 237 complex emotional facial expressions. The stimuli represent 6 basic expressions (angry, disgusted, fearful, happy, sad, and surprised) and 9 complex expressions (affectionate, attracted, betrayed, brokenhearted, contemptuous, desirous, flirtatious, jealous, and lovesick) that were posed by Black and White formally trained, young adult actors. All images were validated by a minimum of 50 adults in a 4-alternative forced choice task. Only images for which  50% raters endorsed the correct emotion label were included in the final database. This database will be an excellent...
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CERE_Emotion: RT @PsyArXivBot: The Complex Emotion Expression Database: A validated stimulus set of trained actors. https://t.co/RvgPQOT8Le
barbaramasser: RT @PsyArXivBot: The Complex Emotion Expression Database: A validated stimulus set of trained actors. https://t.co/RvgPQOT8Le
ComIntDK: RT @PsyArXivBot: The Complex Emotion Expression Database: A validated stimulus set of trained actors. https://t.co/RvgPQOT8Le
nicole__nelson: RT @PsyArXivBot: The Complex Emotion Expression Database: A validated stimulus set of trained actors. https://t.co/RvgPQOT8Le
AmandeepJutla: RT @PsyArXivBot: The Complex Emotion Expression Database: A validated stimulus set of trained actors. https://t.co/RvgPQOT8Le
MK_cogn: RT @PsyArXivBot: The Complex Emotion Expression Database: A validated stimulus set of trained actors. https://t.co/RvgPQOT8Le
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2.029 Mikeys
#2. Eavesdropping on Missing Data: What Are People Doing When They Miss Experience Sampling Reports?
Jessie Sun, Mijke Rhemtulla, Simine Vazire
Participants in experience sampling method (ESM) studies are “beeped” several times per day to report on their momentary experiences—but participants do not always answer the beep. Knowing whether there are systematic predictors of missing a report is critical for understanding the extent to which missing data threatens the validity of inferences from ESM studies. Here, 228 participants completed up to four ESM reports per day while wearing the Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR), an unobtrusive audio recording device, for a week. These audio recordings provided an alternative source of information about what participants were doing when they missed or completed reports (3,678 observations). We predicted missing ESM reports from 47 variables coded from the EAR recordings (e.g., socializing, negative emotion), and found very little evidence that missing ESM reports were correlated with constructs typically of interest to ESM researchers. These findings provide reassuring evidence for the validity of ESM research.
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JessieSunPsych: Here's our preprint! "Eavesdropping on Missing Data: What Are People Doing When They Miss Experience Sampling Reports?" (1/6) https://t.co/6pETH8W5cT (with @mijkenijk @siminevazire) https://t.co/jXmJdArkk5
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2.019 Mikeys
#3. Preliminary research for the Italian validation of the IGDT-20 - Draft version
Paolo Soraci
In the last decade, there has been a growing concern about "gambling addiction" and its widely documented damaging impacts on a minority of over-gambling individuals. The last (fifth) edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-5) included nine criteria for the potential diagnosis of Internet Game Disorder (IGD) and noted that it was a condition that justified further empirical studies. Objective: the main objective of this study was to develop a valid and reliable standardized psychometrically robust tool, as well as providing breakpoints supported empirically in the Italian territory. Methods: A total of 900 participants were recruited in the present study. Confirmatory factor analyzes were applied to evaluate the construct validity. Reliability analyzes included variance, standard measurement error and the factor determining factor. The convergent and criterion validities have been established through the associations with other related constructs. The...
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2.015 Mikeys
#4. Early childhood technoference threat is predicted by authoritative parenting, but not parental knowledge of digital risks.
Alistair Turvill, Dean Fido, Emma Parker
Frequent disruption to parent-child interactions by technology (technoference) significantly impacts problematic behaviours and socioemotional development. Currently unknown is whether this is a novel challenge presented to all parents by the proliferation of technology, or representative of existing maladaptive parenting practices. Two- hundred and fifteen UK parents (Mage = 36 years) self-reported parenting style (i.e., authoritative, authoritarian, permissive), technoference, problematic technology use, and perception of digital risks. Results indicated higher authoritative parenting styles predicted reduced technoference (b = -.29), and problematic technology use was associated with increased technoference and higher use of both permissive and authoritarian parenting styles. For the first time, prevalence of technoference is shown to disproportionately threaten a subset of children. Supplementary materials: [https://osf.io/b6rn3/?view_only=5b422beef2ef4aea95c28e28e55f1a5e]
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dfido1: Excited to have supported one of my #URSS Summer students in submitting their first report for peer-review. Pre-print available here: https://t.co/g3AJRRFZPc They show that "technoference" is predicted by authoritative parenting, but not parental knowledge of digital risks.
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2.011 Mikeys
#5. Affective context and uncertainty drives momentary affective experience
Erkin Asutay, Alex Genevsky, Paul Hamilton, Daniel Västfjäll
Affect fluctuates in a moment-to-moment fashion, and it reflects the continuous relationship between the individual and the environment. Despite substantial research, there remain important open questions regarding how the continuous stream of sensory input is dynamically represented in experienced affect. Here, approaching affect as a temporally dependent process, we show that momentary affect is shaped by a combination of changes in recent stimuli (i.e. visually presented images for the current studies) and previously experienced affect. We also found that this temporally dependent relationship is influenced by context uncertainty. Participants, in each trial, viewed sequentially presented images and subsequently reported their affective experience, which was modeled based on images’ normative affect ratings and participants’ previously reported affect. Study 1 showed that self-reported valence and arousal in a given trial is partly shaped by the affective impact of the given images and previously experienced affect. In Study 2,...
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DanielVastfjall: How is affect constructed? Read our new preprint @erkinasutay @genevsky https://t.co/ohXiEXOvAG via @OSFramework
beyzatepe: RT @DanielVastfjall: How is affect constructed? Read our new preprint @erkinasutay @genevsky https://t.co/ohXiEXOvAG via @OSFramework
MayoOnTheBrain: RT @DanielVastfjall: How is affect constructed? Read our new preprint @erkinasutay @genevsky https://t.co/ohXiEXOvAG via @OSFramework
genevsky: RT @DanielVastfjall: How is affect constructed? Read our new preprint @erkinasutay @genevsky https://t.co/ohXiEXOvAG via @OSFramework
mspeer3: RT @DanielVastfjall: How is affect constructed? Read our new preprint @erkinasutay @genevsky https://t.co/ohXiEXOvAG via @OSFramework
linakoppel: RT @DanielVastfjall: How is affect constructed? Read our new preprint @erkinasutay @genevsky https://t.co/ohXiEXOvAG via @OSFramework
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2.011 Mikeys
#6. Comparing two neurocognitive models of self-control during dietary decisions
Danielle Cosme, Rita M. Ludwig, Elliot Berkman
Self-control is the process of favoring abstract, distal goals over concrete, proximal goals during decision making, and is an important factor in health and well-being. We directly compare two prominent neurocognitive models of human self-control with the goal of identifying which, if either, best describes behavioral and neural data of dietary decisions in a large sample of overweight and obese adults motivated to eat more healthfully. We extracted trial-by-trial estimates of neural activity during incentive-compatible choice from three brain regions implicated in self-control, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, ventral striatum, and ventromedial prefrontal cortex, and assessed evidence for the dual-process and value-based choice models of self-control using multilevel modeling. Model comparison tests revealed that the value-based choice model outperformed the dual-process model, and best fit the observed data. These results advance scientific knowledge of the neurobiological mechanisms underlying self-control relevant decision...
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2.006 Mikeys
#7. Does alcohol cue Inhibitory Control Training survive a context shift?
Andrew Jones, Laura Baines, Ingmar H.A. Franken, Frederick Verbruggen, Matt Field
Rationale: Inhibitory control training (ICT) is a novel psychological intervention that aims to improve inhibitory control in response to alcohol-related cues through associative learning. Laboratory studies have demonstrated reductions in alcohol consumption following ICT compared to control / sham training, but it is unclear if these effects are robust to a change of context. Objectives: In a pre-registered study we examined whether the effects of ICT would survive a context shift from a neutral context to a semi-naturalistic bar setting. Methods: Using a mixed design, sixty heavy drinkers (40 female) were randomly allocated to receive either ICT or control / sham training in a neutral laboratory over two sessions. We developed a novel variation of ICT that used multiple stop signals in order to establish direct stimulus-stop associations. The effects of ICT / control were measured once in the same context and once following a shift to a novel (alcohol-related) context. Our dependent variables were ad-libitum alcohol...
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ajj_1988: Latest pre-print w/ @field_matt @helzbelz1984 @LauraBaines. We examined if the effects of Inhibitory Control Training (vs control) on alcohol cons and potential mechanisms survived a shift from a neutral laboratory to a 'bar-lab' setting. https://t.co/iQgqCH9KLO. They didn't.
ajj_1988: RT @PsyArXivBot: Does alcohol cue Inhibitory Control Training survive a context shift? https://t.co/8BM09ZSbem
LauraBaines: RT @PsyArXivBot: Does alcohol cue Inhibitory Control Training survive a context shift? https://t.co/8BM09ZSbem
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2.006 Mikeys
#8. The social function of rationalization: An identity perspective
Jay J Van Bavel, Anni Sternisko, Elizabeth Harris, Claire Robertson
In this commentary, we offer an additional function of rationalization. Namely, in certain social contexts, the proximal and ultimate function of beliefs and desires is social inclusion. In such contexts, rationalization often facilitates distortion of rather than approximation to truth. Understanding social identity is not only timely and important, but critical to fully understand the function(s) of rationalization.
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jayvanbavel: Our latest paper describes the social function of rationalization: We argue that social identity is not only timely & important, but critical to fully understand the function(s) of rationalization. (with @AnniSternisko @EHarrisNYU & @CRobertson500) https://t.co/TIlxP8I7An https://t.co/WiNfbyq4vt
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2.005 Mikeys
#9. Social cognitive development: The intergroup context
Lisa Chalik, Antonia Misch, Yarrow Dunham
Throughout human history and across all human cultures, civilizations have organized themselves into social collectives, to the extent that it seems fair to say that social groups are the natural ecology of our species. In many ways, these groups play the same role as do categories in other domains; after all, the world is an incredibly complex place, and dividing it into categories is a powerful way to simplify this complexity and maximize efficiency in learning. In the social world, this way of working through complexity is especially important, given the extreme range of variability that exists across human individuals and communities. Children must navigate a world full of people with a range of properties that appear to have little in common with one another, posing a particularly difficult learnability problem. Social categorization allows children to work through this complexity by selecting features that denote meaningful differences between people. As a result, social categories become a fundamental lens through which we...
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2.005 Mikeys
#10. Intrinsic Value of Self-Disclosure Across Adolescence
Arian Mobasser, Nandita Vijayakumar, Diana Tamir, Jennifer Pfeifer
Adolescence is a critical period of development characterized by significant changes in social contexts. Amidst shifting networks of social support, adolescents’ decisions about how much and with whom to develop intimacy can be critical for buffering against risks of maladjustment to these changes. Prior research indicates that one such means of developing strong interpersonal relationships is self-disclosure – or sharing information about oneself with other people. The primary goal of the present study was to investigate developmental differences in self-disclosure behavior, in particular, the differential intrinsic value accorded to sharing with specific target audiences versus others. Using a behavioral paradigm, we collected data from 112 adolescents (61 female, aged 11.8-23.0 years) on value for sharing to parents, close friends and peers. Adolescents significantly valued self-disclosure, choosing to forego 33% of potential earnings to share information about themselves with others rather than to keep it private. While the...
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