Top 3 Psyarxiv Papers Today in Neuroscience


2.036 Mikeys
#1. A systematic review of neuroimaging approaches to mapping language in individuals
Aahana Bajracharya, Jonathan E. Peelle
Background. Task-based functional MRI has become the method of choice for researchers studying functional localization in the human brain. However, for a deeper understanding of brain function beyond group level generalizations, it is crucial to account for the reliability of mapping in a single subject. Individual differences can influence group results in a multitude of ways and consequently lead to the mischaracterization of functional areas. Such errors can be detrimental to the accuracy of both basic research and clinical prognosis. Methodology. We performed a systematic review with the goal of understanding the state of the literature pertaining to mapping language using fMRI in individual participants. A thorough database search was carried out on published literature through September 2018. Results. Out of 473 papers identified through our literature search, 54 met our inclusion criteria for reporting single-subject fMRI results. Of these, only 11 papers reported using single-subject level reliability metrics (such as...
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jpeelle: How accurately can we map language networks in single subjects? (And how many papers have *tried*?) New preprint from @aahanabajra takes a look at this important issue. "A systematic review of neuroimaging approaches to mapping language in individuals" https://t.co/GoPfPdVeo3 https://t.co/T0xNC6R5kw
mrkm_a: RT @PsyArXivBot: A systematic review of neuroimaging approaches to mapping language in individuals https://t.co/ghTTknyuMi
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2.026 Mikeys
#2. A systematic review of neuroimaging approaches to mapping language in individuals
Aahana Bajracharya, Jonathan E. Peelle
Background. Task-based functional MRI has become the method of choice for researchers studying functional localization in the human brain. However, for a deeper understanding of brain function beyond group level generalizations, it is crucial to account for the reliability of mapping in a single subject. Individual differences can influence group results in a multitude of ways and consequently lead to the mischaracterization of functional areas. Such errors can be detrimental to the accuracy of both basic research and clinical prognosis. Methodology. We performed a systematic review with the goal of understanding the state of the literature pertaining to mapping language using fMRI in individual participants. A thorough database search was carried out on published literature through September 2018. Results. Out of 473 papers identified through our literature search, 54 met our inclusion criteria for reporting single-subject fMRI results. Of these, only 11 papers reported using single-subject level reliability metrics (such as...
more | pdf
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EvidenceRobot: RT @PsyArXivBot: A systematic review of neuroimaging approaches to mapping language in individuals https://t.co/Cw8EKLAnA3
allenpg: RT @PsyArXivBot: A systematic review of neuroimaging approaches to mapping language in individuals https://t.co/Cw8EKLAnA3
ParkvilleGeek: RT @PsyArXivBot: A systematic review of neuroimaging approaches to mapping language in individuals https://t.co/Cw8EKLAnA3
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 0
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1.996 Mikeys
#3. Factor Structure of a Social-Emotional Screening Instrument for Preschool Children
Luis Anunciacao, Chieh-Yu Chen, Danilo A Pereira, J. Landeira-Fernandez
Screening tools in health and education provide quick indicators that anticipate diagnostic evaluation and treatment. Faced with the socio-emotional competences of children, the Ages & Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional (ASQ:SE) was used in the population of children enrolled in public pre-schools in the city of Rio de Janeiro during 2011. The objective of this work was to investigate aspects of its validity and reliability. Data from 23,334 children (50.6% boys) being an average age of 5 years old (SD: 3 months) and enrolled in 625 pre-schools were analyzed. After an intensive data analysis, the Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis, the results were favorable to the multidimensional model with a social and emotional dimension: χ2 (463) = 46363.495, p <0.001; RMSEA = 0.067; CFI = 0.918; TLI = 0.913. Reliability indicators were adequate. The results confirmed validity aspects of the ASQ:SE, thereby verifying its use for children aged 5 years old.
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