Top 10 Socarxiv Papers Today in Social And Behavioral Sciences


2.227 Mikeys
#1. A Growing Queer Divide: The Divergence between Transnational Advocacy Networks and Foreign Aid in Diffusing LGBT Policies
Kristopher Velasco
Despite notable successes, countries are increasingly polarized in their response to calls for LGBT rights – with some countries strongly complying with new normative expectations while others openly defy them. To explain these divergent paths, I investigate the transmission of global LGBT norms via two mechanisms: transnational advocacy networks and foreign aid conditionalities. In examining LGBT policy adoption across 110 non-OECD countries between 1990-2016, I find evidence that how states are exposed to LGBT norms can indeed help explain polarization. Exposure to LGBT norms through transnational advocacy networks enhances the effect of global pressure and is associated with more progressive policy adoptions, while greater dependence on foreign aid minimizes the influence these expectations are having. Consequently, this study provides new insights into how the mechanism through which countries are exposed to norms shapes compliance and adds new evidence questioning the effectiveness of foreign aid as a tool to advance LGBT rights.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: A Growing Queer Divide: The Divergence between Transnational Advocacy Networks and Foreign Aid in Diffusing LGBT Policies https://t.co/sfkCFQcFgw
krisvelasco8: For those interested, I just posted the paper onto @socarxiv A Growing Queer Divide: The Divergence between Transnational Advocacy Networks and Foreign Aid in Diffusing LGBT Policies https://t.co/XRoiL2zh0q via @OSFramework https://t.co/UNCprhYGxJ
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 11071
Unqiue Words: 3640

2.081 Mikeys
#2. “Sister, This is MY Church!” The Sisters of St. Joseph and Contested Sacred Space
Ryan P. Murphy
Recently, sociologists who study space have paid more attention to the importance of place, in other words—not just physical locations—but also the meanings, interpretations, and cultural symbols bound up within them. In this paper, I examine the “emplaced” and often gendered lived experiences of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Philadelphia after the Second Vatican Council. Drawing on archival research and in-depth qualitative interviews with nearly two dozen Sisters of St. Joseph, I analyze how the congregation negotiated and contested gendered spaces in the Church over the past fifty years. I explore the sisters’ occasionally tumultuous relationships and public disagreements with clergy, particularly about use of chapel and school space. I also examine the subtler ways—like presiding over funerals and annulment tribunals—that sisters in the congregation transgressed prescribed gendered boundaries in responding to the sacramental needs of the faithful and marginalized. Overall, I argue that sisters in the congregation adapted to...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: "Sister, This is MY Church!" The Sisters of St. Joseph and Contested Sacred Space https://t.co/h8YCoJap50
tomdrabowicz: RT @socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: "Sister, This is MY Church!" The Sisters of St. Joseph and Contested Sacred Space https://t.co/h8YCoJap50
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2.042 Mikeys
#3. La ola feminista que nos moviliza
Valentina Hernández
En la actualidad se ha generado un fuerte desarrollo del feminismo tanto a nivel nacional como internacional, el cual ha despertado de los estigmas impuestos principalmente hacia las mujeres y hacia las disidencias por la poderosa sociedad patriarcal que nos ha sometido años y siglos. Sin embargo, hoy el feminismo se hace presente en aspectos políticos y socioculturales con el propósito de cortar de raíz estas actitudes de superioridad de género y promover una justicia social para mujeres y disidencias. El presente artículo relata las diferentes perspectivas que existen dentro del movimiento feminista chileno, el cual lucha y se mantiene vigente por un mismo propósito que consiste principalmente en la equidad de género, sin embargo, es innegable la diversidad de feminismos que existen dentro del movimiento, promoviendo una infinidad de consignas que configuran nuevos sujetos e ideales por los que luchar. Para este artículo se realizó una encuesta digitalizada, de la cual se utilizaron las respuestas para el desarrollo de un...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: La ola feminista que nos moviliza https://t.co/UVHXEgHBgQ
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Total Words: 2883
Unqiue Words: 1119

2.042 Mikeys
#4. “Wait, She’s One of Us!”: American Catholic Nuns, Gender, and Sexuality
Ryan P. Murphy
In this qualitative study of one congregation of American Catholic nuns—the Sisters of St. Joseph of Philadelphia—I explore the ways in which gender influences the sisters’ work and their relationship with the Catholic Church and secular society. Through interviews with 23 religious sisters, I analyze the subtle strategies of action they employ to minister to marginalized populations who may feel alienated by the institutional Catholic Church. Despite their own structural position in the Catholic Church and secular society, American Catholic nuns like the Sisters of St. Joseph emerge as powerful women who exercise agency to respond to the human and social needs of lay Catholics and non-Catholics, even when this work is counter to official Church teaching. Overall, I argue that the Sisters of St. Joseph are guiding progressive voices in the Catholic Church—particularly around human sexuality and relationships—and have the potential to shape the direction of the Church in the twenty-first century.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: "Wait, She's One of Us!": American Catholic Nuns, Gender, and Sexuality https://t.co/xbzxUeX4cr
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2.042 Mikeys
#5. Corporate Stances as Lived Religion: The Sisters of St. Joseph and Social Justice Activism
Ryan P. Murphy
In September 1988, in response to a grassroots movement begun by several sisters and under the direction of the congregation’s Commission for Justice, the Sisters of St. Joseph of Philadelphia announced a corporate stand opposing apartheid in South Africa. In this paper, I argue that for this congregation, the corporate stand is evidence of lived religion, that is, the actual experiences of religious persons rather than prescribed institutional beliefs and practices. Using data from in-person interviews with sisters, and resources in the SSJ Congregational Archives, I suggest that as they initiated the first corporate stand and solidified their commitment to social justice, the Sisters of St. Joseph experienced a profound internal cultural shift that oriented the congregation much more toward activism. Finally, I draw on several sociological theories of culture to understand the organizational dynamics at work in developing the corporate stand.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Corporate Stances as Lived Religion: The Sisters of St. Joseph and Social Justice Activism https://t.co/P5ggrOxB6P
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2.042 Mikeys
#6. How threatening are transformations of reported happiness to subjective wellbeing research?
Caspar Kaiser, Maarten C. M. Vendrik
A recent paper by Bond & Lang (2018) forcefully argues that the results of most happiness research are reversible. If they are right, empirical happiness research is in crisis. In this paper, we make four related contributions. First, we show that B&L’s reversal conditions imply that respondents answer happiness questions in a manner that is implausible and which is contradicted by previous empirical research. Second, we show that reversals are driven by effect heterogeneities across the distribution of reported happiness. Third, we give a simple procedure by which such heterogeneities can be detected and provide conditions under which OLS coefficients can be reversed by appropriately relabeling response categories. These conditions turn out to be similar to those given by Schröder & Yitzhaki (2017). Fourth, using GSOEP data, we empirically assess the plausibility of Bond & Lang’s reversal conditions and check whether coefficients from OLS and fixed-effects models can be reversed. Our analysis focuses on household...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: How threatening are transformations of reported happiness to subjective wellbeing research? https://t.co/ezWV9UgzdV
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2.042 Mikeys
#7. Artes rituales y sagradas en: la ritualidad del ser
JUAN DAVID LUJÁN VILLAR
The present work asks about the concept of ritual arts and to a lesser degree about the implicit uncertainties surrounding the rituality of the artistic exercise. Our proposal seeks to highlight lines of investigative work, some reflections and previous exercises on the notion of ritual based on a transdisciplinary commitment. In order to make a conceptualization concerning the field of sacred arts, specifically from its performative dimension - understood as the dramatization, not only as the empty staging of meaning - the following research is presented.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Artes rituales y sagradas en: la ritualidad del ser https://t.co/f7noQSVUPH
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2.042 Mikeys
#8. Simulating Hidden Dynamics. Introducing Agent-Based Models as a tool for linkage analysis
Martin Wettstein
Linkage analyses use data from panel surveys and content analyses to assess media effects under field conditions and are able to close the gap between experimental and survey-based media effects research. Results from current studies and simulations indicate, however, that these studies systematically under-estimate real media effects as they aggregate measurement errors and reduce the complexity of media content. In response to these issues, we propose a new method for linkage analysis which applies agent-based simulations to directly assess short-term media effects using empirical data as guideposts. Results from an example study modeling opinion dynamics in the run-up of a Swiss referendum show that this method outperforms traditional regression-based linkage analyses in detail and explanatory power. In spite of the time-consuming modeling and computation process, this approach is a promising tool to study individual media effects under field conditions.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Simulating Hidden Dynamics. Introducing Agent-Based Models as a tool for linkage analysis https://t.co/yi8Lav9ngo
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2.013 Mikeys
#9. Daughters do not affect political beliefs in a new democracy
Amanda Clayton, Daniel de Kadt, Nicolas K Dumas
Having a daughter shapes parents' attitudes and behaviors in gender-egalitarian ways, a finding documented in multiple industrialized democracies. We test whether this travels to a young middle-income democracy where women's rights are tenuous: South Africa. Contrary to prior work we find no discernible effect on attitudes about women's rights or partisan identification. Using a dataset of over 7,500 respondents and an equivalence testing approach, we reject the null hypothesis of any effects of 5 percentage points or greater at conventional levels of statistical significance. We speculate that our null findings relate to opportunity: daughter effects are more likely when parents perceive economic, social, and political opportunities for women. When women's customary status and de factor opportunities are low, as in South Africa, having a daughter may have no effect on parents' political behavior. Our results demonstrate the virtues of diversifying case selection in political behavior beyond economically wealthy democracies.
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dandekadt: #NullEffect: "Daughters do not affect political beliefs in a new democracy" w/ @abclayton24 & Nic Dumas (@MITPoliSci) Hope to spur debate about change in gender attitudes, show value of diverse case selection, and model good practice for null effects. https://t.co/pM8HpNcTVH
socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Daughters do not affect political beliefs in a new democracy https://t.co/8d6MZTKAOT
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Authors: 3
Total Words: 4706
Unqiue Words: 1849

2.004 Mikeys
#10. Mediation and Moderation in Statistical Network Models
Scott W Duxbury
Statistical network methods have grown increasingly popular in the social sciences. However, like other nonlinear probability models, statistical network model parameters can only be identified to a scale and cannot be compared between groups or models fit to the same network. This study addresses these issues by developing methods for mediation and moderation analyses in exponential random graph models (ERGM). It first discusses ERGM as an autologistic regression to illustrate that ERGM estimates can be affected by unobserved heterogeneity. Second, it develops methods for mediation analysis for both discrete and continuous mediators. Third, it provides recommendations and methods for interpreting interactions in ERGM. Finally, it considers scenarios where interactions are implicated in mediation analysis. The methodological discussion is accompanied with empirical applications and extensions to other classes of statistical network models are discussed.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Mediation and Moderation in Statistical Network Models https://t.co/bZRF9KYG4W
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