Top 10 Socarxiv Papers Today in Social And Behavioral Sciences


2.014 Mikeys
#1. Rebuilding Syria After The War: Lessons From The German Model (WWII).
Sameh Shaaban Mansour
While the Syrian war is entering its seventh year, the situation is getting worse day after day. It has drifted from civil war to a global conflict, with many challenges and obstacles. An interview and discussion about the rebuilding plans in Syria, also relevant data were extracted from eligible research. The Syrian economy and social life faced a considerable fall. The interviewee suggested that the Marshall Plan would be the proposed plan for the reconstruction of Syria.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Rebuilding Syria After The War: Lessons From The German Model (WWII). https://t.co/Un6CIu4KST
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 1941
Unqiue Words: 909

2.014 Mikeys
#2. Landscape as a Concept of Space
Ricarda Braun, Daniel Knitter
Exploring *landscape* as a spatial concept raises more issues than is apparent at first sight. The investigation of the terms *landscape* and *space* is an interdisciplinary endeavor, in which the variety of concepts and methods is as widespread as the ambiguity of the terms (ranging from philosophy, sociology, arts, history, and archaeology, to geography and other natural sciences). Abstract concepts of space are not the subject of this article. Instead, as an archaeologist and a geographer, we wish to focus on the interrelation of humans and societies with their natural environment.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Landscape as a Concept of Space https://t.co/8CN6ANTuE7
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 5585
Unqiue Words: 2273

2.0 Mikeys
#3. Income Mobility, Income Inequality and Mortality in the U.S.
Sebastian Daza, Alberto Palloni
We assess the magnitude of the association between intergenerational income mobility and US adult mortality by gender, age group, race/ethnicity and the causes of death. We use a data set from The Health Inequality Project and CDC mortality data at the county level. We find that under different model specifications the association between income mobility and adult mortality is strong, properly signed, and consistent with our hypotheses. If the association we find reflects a causal effect it would translate into shifts in life expectancy at age 40 of as much as 2.0-4.8 years among males and 0.1-2.0 among females, equivalent to 5.1-12.5 and 0.2-4.7 percent of the U.S. male and female life expectancy at age 40 respectively. On average, these effects are 1.5 to 2.5 times as large as those of income inequality and represent between 40 (males) and 25 (females) percent of the magnitude of an income shift from the lowest to the highest quartile of the U.S. income distribution.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Income Mobility, Income Inequality and Mortality in the U.S. https://t.co/0OM5SH3TQf
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U.S. income mobility and health

Repository: dissertation
User: sdaza
Language: Jupyter Notebook
Stargazers: 0
Subscribers: 1
Forks: 0
Open Issues: 0
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 14461
Unqiue Words: 3483

1.998 Mikeys
#4. An alternative framework for a textbook analysis of the money multiplier
Jesse Aaron Zinn
In textbooks on the theory of money it is standard practice to hold both reserves and deposits fixed to study the relationship between the quantity of currency in the economy and the money multiplier. But doing so leads to a result that is contrary to the notion that if the public withdraws from their deposits in order to increase currency holdings then bank lending will decrease, causing a fall in both the money supply and the money multiplier. Specifically, when reserves are greater than deposits and both are fixed the money multiplier has a positive relationship with both currency holdings and the currency-deposit ratio. I show that these results are artifacts of implicitly assuming that the monetary authority behaves so as to keep deposits and reserves constant in response to a change in currency held by the public. Dropping these assumptions and abstracting from any response from the central bank results in an unconditionally non-positive relationship between currency holdings and the money multiplier.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: An alternative framework for a textbook analysis of the money multiplier https://t.co/InJiHwym2B
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 2204
Unqiue Words: 783

0.0 Mikeys
#5. Exo-Esoteric Knowledge and the Evolution of Transmission Fidelity
Adrian Bell, Timothy M. Waring
Teaching is a sophisticated form of cultural transmission believed to increase transmission fidelity over less formal or less intentional modes of transmission. As such, teaching may have contributed to the build-up and maintenance of cultural complexity in human societies. However, teaching is also a strategic and dynamic behavior that likely evolves in response to both the type of knowledge taught and the social context. We explore this possibility through an evolutionary analysis of teaching fidelity, or the fidelity of knowledge transmission during teaching. For our analysis we developed two models, a two-trait model and a quantitative trait model to explore how selection on teaching fidelity varies across different types of knowledge. In our two-trait model we use exoteric and esoteric knowledge categories and specify them mathematically to ask how they may affect the evolutionarily-favored level of teaching fidelity. We show that the evolutionarily-stable transmission fidelity by teachers varies widely across knowledge...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Exo-Esoteric Knowledge and the Evolution of Transmission Fidelity https://t.co/ndJnTKdUtg
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 7082
Unqiue Words: 2098

0.0 Mikeys
#6. Gaali cultures: The politics of abusive exchange on social media
Sahana Udupa
On the rapidly expanding social media in India, online users are witness to a routine exchange of abusive terms and accusations with the choicest swearwords hurled even for the seemingly non-inflammatory political debates. This paper draws upon anthropology of insult to uncover the distinctness, if at all, of online abuse as a means for political participation as well as for the encumbering it provokes and relations of domination it reproduces as a result. In so doing, the paper critiques the conception of ludic as anti-hegemonic in the Bakhtian tradition, and develops an emic term ‘gaali’ to signal the blurred boundaries between comedy, insult, shame and abuse emerging on online media which also incite gendered forms of intimidation. Gaali, it argues, is best conceptualized through the metaphor of ‘sound’ as distinct from what recent new media studies theorize as ‘voice’.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Gaali cultures: The politics of abusive exchange on social media https://t.co/tM7nDWjRYi
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Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 1
Total Words: 8273
Unqiue Words: 3088

0.0 Mikeys
#7. Values of the Russian elite and the problems of the country with the eyes of the Media
Арпентьева Мариям Равильевна, Open European Academy Public Sciences OEAPS Inc.&Elsevier
The mainstream streams of the XXI century, widely publicized by the media, reflecting the order of the Russian ruling elite, were military aggression and world terrorism, unlimited pseudotolerance and various forms of superdiscrimination and alienation, anarchy and totalitarianism, inheriting "democracies," equating ommunism with totalitarianism and fascism, globalization and refugee, neo­colonialism and non­mastery, the domination of the comprador bourgeoisie, the activation and propaganda of the processes of mondialization. The ruling group, was represent mainly by comprador bourgeoisie, which uses national, religious, political and economic differences between people in order to weaken their potential or real opponents and victims. Comprador states are forced to strengthen the repressively suppressive evelopment of control, to impose values that increase social inequality and disunity, desacralization through the means of Media and other institutions. Мейн-стримами XXI века, широко пропагандируемыми СМИ, отражающими заказ...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Values of the Russian elite and the problems of the country with the eyes of the Media https://t.co/BtI7Un3DJz
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 492
Unqiue Words: 197

0.0 Mikeys
#8. Widespread population decline in South America correlates with mid-Holocene climate change
Philip Riris, Manuel Arroyo-Kalin
Quantifying the impacts of climate change on prehistoric demography is crucial for understanding the adaptive pathways taken by human societies. Archaeologists in South America have identified periods of regional abandonment during the mid-Holocene (8200 to 4200 cal BP), but the extent to which local patterns can be generalised to large-scale trends remains unclear. Archaeological and palaeoclimatic data from South America are integrated to show that multiple phases of population decline occurred coeval with the initial and early mid-Holocene. A likely driver of the duration and severity of demographic turnover before and following 8200 cal BP is the frequency of exceptional climatic events, rather than the absolute magnitude of change. Variability in tropical precipitation had sustained negative impacts on pre-Columbian societies until at least 6000 cal BP. Our results support the inference that Neotropical plant management and early cultivation practices acted as buffers when the wild resource base was in flux.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Widespread population decline in South America correlates with mid-Holocene climate change https://t.co/Kn9FXb88qf
philriris: New #preprint w/ data+code on @socarxiv: “Widespread population decline in South America correlates with mid-Holocene climate change” from myself and @Maniyell https://t.co/4XaLLPGngi Thread 👇, please RT! (1/14) #demography #climate #archaeology #rstats #openscience #openaccess
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 9581
Unqiue Words: 3695

0.0 Mikeys
#9. Brexit, CANZUK, and the Legacy of Empire
Duncan Bell, Srdjan Vucetic
A number of prominent Brexit supporters have endorsed the idea of CANZUK, a union (or alliance or pact) of Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. They claim that since these countries already have so much in common and because they are already bound together by a dense web of security commitments, it is viable to create a globe-spanning zone of free movement of goods, services, and labour. Some argue that these initial steps should be followed by deeper integration, even the creation of a transcontinental (con)federal polity. In this paper we analyse CANZUK as an attempt to develop a fruitful post-Brexit imaginary and as a case of contemporary transnational elite advocacy. We show that the argumentative moves, institutional prescriptions, and rhetorical strategies, of CANZUK advocacy echo those of late Victorian and Edwardian imperial enthusiasts to a remarkable degree. We suggest that CANZUK cannot escape its historical origins: the empire continues to exert a powerful magnetic pull.
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srdjanvucetic: Interesting event organized by @policy_school: 'Shoulder to Shoulder: Forging a New Canada-UK Relationship,' Goodenough College, London, Nov 29-30 https://t.co/SIg2JsX4dF … Here's a new paper by @DrDuncanBell and me on this general topic https://t.co/FpODvYkmPI
srdjanvucetic: Did you the Conservative Party of Canada has endorsed CANZUK as their foreign policy platform? @DrDuncanBell and I provide some context here https://t.co/FpODvYkmPI https://t.co/YulJ6sxDgl
socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Brexit, CANZUK, and the Legacy of Empire https://t.co/ZdTDMFiVa2
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 8609
Unqiue Words: 3220

0.0 Mikeys
#10. Resources, Navigation, and Punishment in the Criminal Courts
Matthew Clair
This paper considers how criminal defendants make consequential decisions during court processing. Drawing on interviews and ethnographic observations among a racially and socio-economically diverse sample of Boston-area defendants and among legal officials, the author describes defendants’ differential styles of engagement with lawyers and the court. Whereas defendants who have reason to trust their lawyers often delegate legal authority to them in consequential moments and experience relative ease of court navigation as a result, defendants who have reason to mistrust their lawyers often withdraw from lawyers and seek to acquire their own legal expertise, such as knowledge about criminal law and procedure learned in their communities, in jail, and through observation. Defendants’ assertive use of self-acquired expertise, however, is discouraged by the court system, often drawing punitive responses from legal officials and constraining defendants’ legal choices. Thus, the cultural styles and resources that scholars have shown to...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Resources, Navigation, and Punishment in the Criminal Courts https://t.co/uNYlZ0mn4E
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Sample Sizes : [30, 17, 3, 1]
Authors: 1
Total Words: 20752
Unqiue Words: 5447

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