Top 3 Socarxiv Papers Today in Arts And Humanities


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#1. Sensitivity of Radiocarbon Sum Calibration
Martin Hinz
Sum calibration has become a standard tool for demographic studies, even though the methodology itself is far from uncontroversial. In addition to fundamental methodological criticism, questions are frequently raised about the sample size and data density required to detect large-scale changes in past populations. This article uses a simulation approach to determine the detection probabilities for events of varying intensity and with varying data density. At the same time, the effectiveness of Monte Carlo-based confidence envelopes as a countermeasure against false-positive results is tested. The results show that the detection of such events is not unlikely and that the Monte Carlo method is well suited to separate signal and noise. However, the nature of the events already observed in this way demands further assessment.
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martinusrihhi: Whoop! Just submitted my first #rstats #openscience article with #reproducibility @JournalCAA on 'Sensitivity of Radiocarbon Sum Calibration'. Thanks, @benmarwick and @nevromeCS for rrtools and the template. Preprint: https://t.co/rqaLmr8lDP, Repository: https://t.co/F9GKP4lPvd
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 7940
Unqiue Words: 2559

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#2. Science’s moral economy of repair: replication and the circulation of reference
Bart Penders, Sarah de Rijcke, J. Britt Holbrook
Responding to the so-called reproducibility crisis, various disciplines have proposed -- and some have implemented -- changes in research practices and policies. These changes have been aligned with a restricted and rather uniform conceptualisation of what science is, and knowledge is made. However, knowledge-making is not a uniform affair. Here, we reflect on a salient fault line running through Wissenschaft (the whole of academic knowledge making, spanning the sciences and humanities), grounded in the relationship between the acts of research and writing, separating research as reporting from research as writing. We do so to demonstrate that replication and replicability cannot be treated as uniformly applicable and that assessment and improvement of research quality invites various tools and strategies. Among those, replication is important, but not omnipresent. Considering these other tools and strategies in context allows us to situate the value of replication for knowledge making as a whole.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Science's moral economy of repair: replication and the circulation of reference https://t.co/qs9P3qYSDM
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Authors: 3
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#3. The Positioning Matters. Estimating Geographical Bias in the Multilingual Record of Biographies on Wikipedia
Pablo Beytía
This article proposes that an appropriate assessment of the geographical bias in Wikipedia's content should consider not only the number of articles linked to places but also their internal positioning (i.e. their location in different languages and their centrality in the network of references between articles). This idea is studied empirically, systematically evaluating the geographic concentration in the biographical coverage of globally recognized individuals (those whose biographies are found in more than 25 language versions of Wikipedia). Considering the positioning levels of these biographies, only 5 countries account for more than 62% of Wikipedia's biographical coverage. In turn, the inequality in coverage between countries reaches very high levels, estimated with a Gini coefficient of .84 and a Palma ratio of 207. In all the tests carried out, the inclusion of the linguistic and/or relational positioning of the articles increases the estimate of inequality in biographical coverage. This suggests that previous estimates...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: The Positioning Matters. Estimating Geographical Bias in the Multilingual Record of Biographies on Wikipedia https://t.co/727G2fkGCa
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Total Words: 0
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