Top 10 Socarxiv Papers Today


2.02 Mikeys
#1. An Ethical Framework for a Good AI Society: Opportunities, Risks, Principles, and Recommendations
Luciano Floridi, Josh Cowls, Monica Beltrametti, Raja Chatila, Patrice Chazerand, Virginia Dignum, Christoph Luetge, Robert Madelin, Ugo Pagallo, Francesca Rossi
This article reports the findings of AI4People, a year-long initiative designed to lay the foundations for a “Good AI Society”. We introduce the core opportunities and risks of AI for society; present a synthesis of five ethical principles that should undergird its development and adoption; and offer 20 concrete recommendations – to assess, to develop, to incentivise, and to support good AI – which in some cases may be undertaken directly by national or supranational policy makers, while in others may be led by other stakeholders. If adopted, these recommendations would serve as a firm foundation for the establishment of a Good AI Society.
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JoshCowls: @mikarv @socarxiv Now available at the aforementioned: https://t.co/8be7w928Mi
JoshCowls: @vdignum @ernestopriego @PaulNemitz @Floridi @frossi_t @raja_chatila @eurohumph @EffyVayena @PeggyValcke Now also on SocArXiv: https://t.co/8be7w928Mi
socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: An Ethical Framework for a Good AI Society: Opportunities, Risks, Principles, and Recommendations https://t.co/8iAxY9C22l
AnnSoderholm: Today's must read: "An Ethical Framework for a Good AI Society: Opportunities, Risks, Principles, and Recommendations" https://t.co/JqIkLvkPgg #ai4people #AI @Lakikoulutus https://t.co/eeoGcOOvSg
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Authors: 10
Total Words: 7998
Unqiue Words: 2576

2.014 Mikeys
#2. Landscape as a Concept of Space
Ricarda Braun, Daniel Knitter
Exploring *landscape* as a spatial concept raises more issues than is apparent at first sight. The investigation of the terms *landscape* and *space* is an interdisciplinary endeavor, in which the variety of concepts and methods is as widespread as the ambiguity of the terms (ranging from philosophy, sociology, arts, history, and archaeology, to geography and other natural sciences). Abstract concepts of space are not the subject of this article. Instead, as an archaeologist and a geographer, we wish to focus on the interrelation of humans and societies with their natural environment.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Landscape as a Concept of Space https://t.co/8CN6ANTuE7
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 5585
Unqiue Words: 2273

2.014 Mikeys
#3. Rebuilding Syria After The War: Lessons From The German Model (WWII).
Sameh Shaaban Mansour
While the Syrian war is entering its seventh year, the situation is getting worse day after day. It has drifted from civil war to a global conflict, with many challenges and obstacles. An interview and discussion about the rebuilding plans in Syria, also relevant data were extracted from eligible research. The Syrian economy and social life faced a considerable fall. The interviewee suggested that the Marshall Plan would be the proposed plan for the reconstruction of Syria.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Rebuilding Syria After The War: Lessons From The German Model (WWII). https://t.co/Un6CIu4KST
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 1941
Unqiue Words: 909

2.014 Mikeys
#4. Learning to stay employable
Dominik E. Froehlich, Simon Beausaert, Mien Segers, Maike Gerken
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of chronological age and formal and informal learning activities on employability. Furthermore, indirect effects of age on employability via learning activities were tested. Design/methodology/approach – The authors conducted quantitative, cross-sectional survey research (n¼780) in three Dutch and Austrian organizations to study the relationship between chronological age, formal and informal learning activities, and employability using structural equation modeling. Findings – The authors find that both formal and informal learning increase employees’ employability. However, each type of learning contributes to different components of employability. Additionally, the authors find indirect effects of chronological age on employability via formal learning. Research limitations/implications – The results question the focus on chronological age in organizational and political decision making and contribute new insights for the management of an increasingly older...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Learning to stay employable https://t.co/UcpW3r3W4a
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Authors: 4
Total Words: 8387
Unqiue Words: 2776

2.014 Mikeys
#5. Measuring Modernist Novelty
Cultural Analytics, Laura McGrath, Devin Higgins, Arend Hintze
One may as well begin with two overly-cited quotations about novelty. “On or about December, 1910, human character changed.” And, more predictably: “Make It New!” at these two statements about change and innovation have been so frequently cited reveals a contradiction in modernist studies: novelty is commonplace, both for modernist writers and for literary critics. Novelty has become so firmly fixed as a central framing narrative for literary modernism that the two terms—“novelty”, “modernism”—are often treated as synonymous. The period (roughly, 1890-1945) has been defined by its capacities for rupture and the rejection of tradition: a “paradigmatic shift, a major revolt;” ” a ruthless break with any or all preceding historical conditions [...] characterized by a never-ending process of internal ruptures and fragmentations within itself;” “a powerful vortex of historical conditions that coalesce to produce sharp ruptures from the past [...] shattering change.” These revolts, breaks, and ruptures coalesced into the de definitive...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Measuring Modernist Novelty https://t.co/FrbMm9VtlJ
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Authors: 4
Total Words: 11693
Unqiue Words: 4259

2.0 Mikeys
#6. Income Mobility, Income Inequality and Mortality in the U.S.
Sebastian Daza, Alberto Palloni
We assess the magnitude of the association between intergenerational income mobility and US adult mortality by gender, age group, race/ethnicity and the causes of death. We use a data set from The Health Inequality Project and CDC mortality data at the county level. We find that under different model specifications the association between income mobility and adult mortality is strong, properly signed, and consistent with our hypotheses. If the association we find reflects a causal effect it would translate into shifts in life expectancy at age 40 of as much as 2.0-4.8 years among males and 0.1-2.0 among females, equivalent to 5.1-12.5 and 0.2-4.7 percent of the U.S. male and female life expectancy at age 40 respectively. On average, these effects are 1.5 to 2.5 times as large as those of income inequality and represent between 40 (males) and 25 (females) percent of the magnitude of an income shift from the lowest to the highest quartile of the U.S. income distribution.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Income Mobility, Income Inequality and Mortality in the U.S. https://t.co/0OM5SH3TQf
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U.S. income mobility and health

Repository: dissertation
User: sdaza
Language: Jupyter Notebook
Stargazers: 0
Subscribers: 1
Forks: 0
Open Issues: 0
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 14461
Unqiue Words: 3483

1.998 Mikeys
#7. Gender Gap in Entrepreneurship
Jorge Guzman, Aleksandra (Olenka) Kacperczyk
Using data on the entire population of businesses registered in the states of California and Massachusetts between 1995 and 2011, we decompose the well-established gender gap in entrepreneurship. We show that female-led ventures are 63 percentage points less likely than male-led ventures to obtain external funding (i.e., venture capital). The most significant portion of the gap (65 percent) stems from gender differences in initial startup orientation, with women being less likely to found ventures that signal growth potential to external investors. However, the residual gap is as much as 35 percent and much of this disparity likely reflects investors’ gendered preferences. Consistent with theories of statistical discrimination, the residual gap diminishes significantly when stronger signals of growth are available to investors for comparable female- and male-led ventures or when focal investors appear to be more sophisticated. Finally, conditional on the reception of external funds (i.e., venture capital), women and men are...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Gender Gap in Entrepreneurship https://t.co/g8PwiQh7E9
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 14329
Unqiue Words: 3886

1.998 Mikeys
#8. The art of not being legible: Invented writing systems as technologies of resistance in mainland Southeast Asia
Piers Kelly
James C Scott argued that the traditional non-literacy of highland minorities in mainland Southeast Asia may belong to a wider pattern of state evasion whereby lowland practices, including literacy, are strategically rejected. This position ignores the moral and material value attributed to literacy in upland folklore, as well as the many radical messianic movements that purported to bring writing back to the highlands. I review nine such cases of recuperated literacy among Southeast Asian minorities, all of which were created in circumstances of violent conflict with lowland states. Leaders of these movements recognised literacy as an important vehicle of state power but their appropriation of writing was limited to very specific purposes and domains. In short, the new literacy practices did not mirror its ordinary bureaucratic uses in lowland states. Instead, writing became a symbolic instrument for building state-like institutions of resistance.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: The art of not being legible: Invented writing systems as technologies of resistance in mainland Southeast Asia https://t.co/qwqruksW9A
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 10725
Unqiue Words: 3863

1.998 Mikeys
#9. An alternative framework for a textbook analysis of the money multiplier
Jesse Aaron Zinn
In textbooks on the theory of money it is standard practice to hold both reserves and deposits fixed to study the relationship between the quantity of currency in the economy and the money multiplier. But doing so leads to a result that is contrary to the notion that if the public withdraws from their deposits in order to increase currency holdings then bank lending will decrease, causing a fall in both the money supply and the money multiplier. Specifically, when reserves are greater than deposits and both are fixed the money multiplier has a positive relationship with both currency holdings and the currency-deposit ratio. I show that these results are artifacts of implicitly assuming that the monetary authority behaves so as to keep deposits and reserves constant in response to a change in currency held by the public. Dropping these assumptions and abstracting from any response from the central bank results in an unconditionally non-positive relationship between currency holdings and the money multiplier.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: An alternative framework for a textbook analysis of the money multiplier https://t.co/InJiHwym2B
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 2204
Unqiue Words: 783

1.998 Mikeys
#10. Implementasi Komitmen Organisasional Terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Pegawai
Indriyani Tahir, Herman Sjahruddin, Heslina
This study aims to determine the Implementation of Organizational Commitment on Job Satisfaction Employee on Makassar Regional Water Company. The populations in this study a number of 149 Employees. Sampling was done by using stratified random sampling in order to obtain the number of samples amounted 60 Employee, but there are 2 (two) of them were outliers (disabled) so that the overall use only 58 data that can be analyzed using WarpPLS Ver. 5.0. The results showed that the variables of Organizational Commitment on the dimensions of the continuance commitment and normative commitment is low and demonstrated proven to improve employee job satisfaction, while a high of affective commitment in practice proved not able to improve employee job satisfaction on Makassar Regional Water Company
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Implementasi Komitmen Organisasional Terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Pegawai https://t.co/BSFOnN9Yx2
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Authors: 3
Total Words: 5335
Unqiue Words: 1464

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