Top 10 Socarxiv Papers Today


2.007 Mikeys
#1. The role of reputation systems in digital discrimination
Judith Kas, Rense Corten, Arnout van de Rijt
Reputation systems are often proposed as the most promising solution to (ethnic) discrimination in online markets. This claim is based on earlier studies showing that the ethnic gap is smaller for users with reviews than for users without reviews. Using simulations, we show that this conclusion may be premature, as reviews can only be written after completed interactions. Hence, initial differences between users in the probability to be selected as transaction partner may accumulate over time, thereby diminishing the potential of reputation systems to decrease discrimination. We use a unique dataset that contains information on all interactions that ever took place on a peerto-peer motorcycle rental platform to test this hypothesis. We find that per filed request, renters with an ethnic minority background receive fewer reviews than renters with an ethnic majority background with otherwise similar characteristics. Moreover, with time the reputation system does not reduce the initial inequalities between otherwise comparable...
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CaddeReputation: The role of reputation systems in digital discrimination "While we find that reputation benefits renters of all ethnicities, we show that with time the reputation system maintains the disadvantage of ethnic minority renters" https://t.co/GyiwJc9iIv
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Authors: 3
Total Words: 11800
Unqiue Words: 3052

2.006 Mikeys
#2. Effects of Measurement Error in the American Community Survey on Statistical Analysis: An Example using County and Census Tract Mortality Rates.
Corey Sparks, Lloyd B Potter
The American Community Survey (ACS) summary file data provide rolling 5- year estimates of demographic and socioeconomic indicator data for small geographies throughout the United States. These estimates are commonly used as indicators for regression models to measure conditions in communities. The Margins of Error (MOE) in the ACS estimates for small geographic areas can often be very large, and without taking them into account, regression analyses using them can be mis-specified, leading to bias in regression coefficients and model standard errors. This paper directly compares measurement error model specifications to naive model specifications for a mortality outcome in Texas Census tracts using Bayesian model specializations. The results show that there is bias in the naive regression model results. We urge users of the ACS summary file data to be aware of such bias as it can potentially impact interpretation of model results and hypothesis tests.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Effects of Measurement Error in the American Community Survey on Statistical Analysis: An Example using County and Census Tract Mortality Rates. https://t.co/TIQ1a7uqJH
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 4670
Unqiue Words: 1580

2.006 Mikeys
#3. Preventing Intimate Partner Violence among Young People – A Qualitative Study Examining the Role of Comprehensive Sexuality Education
Shelly Makleff, Jovita Garduño, Rosa Icela Zavala, Florencia Barindelli, Jimena Valades, Marissa Billowitz, Vanessa Ivon Silva Márquez, Cicely Marston
Comprehensive sexuality education may help prevent intimate partner violence, but few evaluations of sexuality education courses have measured this. Here we explore how such a course that encourages critical reflection about gendered social norms might help prevent partner violence among young people in Mexico. We conducted a longitudinal quasi-experimental study at a state-run technical secondary school in Mexico City, with data collection including in-depth interviews and focus groups with students, teachers and health educators. We found that the course supported both prevention of and response to partner violence among young people. The data suggest the course promoted critical reflection that appeared to lead to changes in beliefs, intentions and behaviors related to gender, sexuality and violence. We identify four elements of the course that seem crucial to preventing partner violence. First, encouraging participants’ reflection about romantic relationships, which helped them question whether jealousy and possessive...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Preventing Intimate Partner Violence among Young People - A Qualitative Study Examining the Role of Comprehensive Sexuality Education https://t.co/wbgS5SfVE3
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Authors: 8
Total Words: 0
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2.005 Mikeys
#4. Coercion, Construction, and 'ODF paper pe': Swachh Bharat According to Local Officials
Aashish Gupta, Nazar Khalid, Payal Hathi, Nikhil Srivastav, Sangita Vyas, Diane Coffey
The Swachh Bharat Mission has turned out to be a top-down programme in which villagers are often coerced into building latrines, with relatively little focus on latrine use. A field survey challenges the official narrative that the SBM is a "people's movement".
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Coercion, Construction, and 'ODF paper pe': Swachh Bharat According to Local Officials https://t.co/hLwfzxoxjJ
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Authors: 6
Total Words: 6590
Unqiue Words: 2050

2.004 Mikeys
#5. Bystander Intervention in Street Violence: Current Evidence and Implications for Practice
Lasse Suonperä Liebst, Richard Philpot, Marie Bruvik Heinskou, Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard
In street violence, bystanders are a potential resource for crime prevention, as they tend to be present when the police are absent. This paper describes evidence of bystanders taking an active role in the prevention of violence and considers implications for crime prevention initiatives.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Bystander Intervention in Street Violence: Current Evidence and Implications for Practice https://t.co/YqWAbSm3QD
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Authors: 4
Total Words: 3547
Unqiue Words: 1395

2.004 Mikeys
#6. Arqueología de las ocupaciones prehispánicas en el bosque montano de las cumbres calchaquíes (Anfama, Tucumán)
Julián Salazar, Rocío Molar, Juan Montegú, Gonzalo Moyano, Francisco Franco, Stefanía Chiavassa, Valeria Franco Salvi, Jordi López Lillo
Las áreas pedemontanas meridionales del Noroeste Argentino han ocupado un lugar marginal en los estudios arqueológicos hasta épocas recientes (Tartusi y Núñez Regueiro 2003), siendo investigadas únicamente en algunos casos excepcionales (Heredia 1975; Berberián et al. 1977). La dificultad de acceso y permanencia en estos espacios, así como las tradiciones disciplinarias orientadas especialmente a otras áreas como los valles intermontanos o los bolsones puneños, relegaron a los mismos a lugares pasivos dentro de los procesos de desarrollo histórico y social del NOA. En los últimos años se han iniciado algunos proyectos que están generando datos originales que tienen la posibilidad de transformar radicalmente el estado de conocimiento sobre las poblaciones que habitaron esta zona y deconstruir las bases de esas apreciaciones apriorísticas que no cuentan con asidero empírico (Caria 2004; Miguez 2012; Miguez y Caria 2015). Anfama (26°44’10.39”S; 65°35’20.36”O) se emplaza en la vertiente oriental de las Cumbres Calchaquíes (entre 1.300...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Arqueologia de las ocupaciones prehispanicas en el bosque montano de las cumbres calchaquies (Anfama, Tucuman) https://t.co/63jvycSpeQ
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Authors: 8
Total Words: 4173
Unqiue Words: 1780

2.004 Mikeys
#7. Achieving net benefits: A road map for cross-sectoral policy development in response to the unintended use of mosquito nets as fishing gear
Rebecca Short, Prue Addison, Nicholas Hill, William Arlidge, Sara Berthe, Sofia Castello y Tickell, Sarah Coulthard, Lena Lorenz, Mxolisi Sibanda, E.J. Milner-Gulland
This document presents the results of an expert knowledge elicitation workshop which identifies policy mechanisms of relevance to the issue of mosquito net fishing across the relevant sectors of public health, fisheries management, development and conservation. A synthesis of current policy and future recommendations is contextualised within the relevant literature across these sectors, and a first assessment of potential interventions is presented.
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bbbrieger: results expert knowledge workshop on policy mechanisms of relevance to the issue of #mosquitonet #fishing across the relevant sectors of #publichealth, #fisheries management, #development and conservation. assessment of potential interventions presented https://t.co/WRFFkA2FL1
BeccaEShort: What to do about #MosquitoNet #Fishing? How can we build policy bridges between relevant sectors to achieve net benefits; prevent socio-ecological harm and capitalise on opportunities? We had some thoughts! Download our #OA policy road map now: https://t.co/aFya0QbRt5 https://t.co/jxXHDMFxGu
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Authors: 10
Total Words: 15642
Unqiue Words: 4631

2.004 Mikeys
#8. Group as a De-polarizer of Attitude
Yoshiko Arima
Two experiments examined the effects of debate on the attitude of a group. The first experiment (N = 220, 164 men and 56 women, ages 19 to 21, Japanese) compared the effects of two discussion styles on attitude change while controlling for in-group variance. The discussion topic was belief about stereotype, a topic for which Japanese hold both for and against knowledge. The debate condition comprised groups of four people, two of whom were assigned to “Pro” (for) and two to “Con” (against) positions. The consensus condition comprised groups of four individuals who had to reach a consensus. The direction of attitude change in the debate condition was opposite to that in the consensus condition. The second experiment (N = 96, 16 men and 72 women, ages 19 to 21, Japanese) explored the process of de-polarization observed in the debate condition during the first experiment. Experiment 2 confirmed the result of Experiment 1 and suggested that the groups in the debate condition produced new information that group members did not possess...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Group as a De-polarizer of Attitude https://t.co/IPHDT4vxYB
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 6108
Unqiue Words: 1801

2.002 Mikeys
#9. The Culture of Amateur Real Estate Investing
Philip Garboden
The majority of rental properties in the U.S. today is owned by small- to medium-sized investors, many of whom enter the trade with little prior experience. This paper considers the cultural factors that motivate these amateurs to purchase real estate–an investment with high risks and relatively poor returns. Drawing on in-depth interviews with 93 investors in three heterogeneous real estate markets, Baltimore, MD, Dallas, TX, and Cleveland, OH, combined with participant observation of 22 real estate investment association meetings (REIAs), this paper finds that amateurs who decide to become investors often do so during periods when their professional identities are insecure or they perceive their retirement portfolios to be insufficient. Through participation in real estate investment associations and other investor networks, they quickly internalize “investor culture,” embracing ideologies of self-sufficiency and risk. “Investor culture”—perpetuated by REIAs--motivates and legitimizes strategies of action that lead to...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: The Culture of Amateur Real Estate Investing https://t.co/P8SCe3YDNM
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 12768
Unqiue Words: 4282

1.998 Mikeys
#10. Thinking while leading. Understanding school leaders' everyday thinking
Hartger Wassink
What do school leaders think while performing their jobs? What is the nature of these thinking processes? And what is their function, with regard to the day-to-day leadership in the school? These questions are central to the research reported in this book. Three approaches to studying the thinking processes of school leaders are explored. A naturalistic, interpretative research approach has been taken, to gain more insight in the “how” of daily school leadership. By giving tangible descriptions of real-life leadership situations, this book provides new insights in the dynamics of how school leaders think and act to deal with daily complexity in their schools.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Thinking while leading. Understanding school leaders' everyday thinking https://t.co/eHqD0JDR61
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 53268
Unqiue Words: 8164

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