Top 10 Socarxiv Papers Today


2.014 Mikeys
#1. A measure of competitive access to destinations for comparing across multiple study regions
Jeff Allen, Steven Farber
Accessibility is now a common way to measure the benefits provided by transportation–land use systems. Despite its widespread use, few measurement options allow for the comparison of accessibility across multiple urban systems, and most do not adequately control for market competition between demand‐side actors and supply‐side facilities in localized markets. In this article, we develop a measure of competitive access to destinations that can be used to accurately compare accessibility between regions. This measure stems from spatial interaction modeling and accounts for competition at both the supply and demand sides of analysis, regional differences in transportation networks and travel behavior, and any imbalance between the size of the population and the number of opportunities. We use this method to compute access to employment for Canada's eight largest cities to comparatively examine inequalities in accessibility, both within and between cities, and by travel mode.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: A measure of competitive access to destinations for comparing across multiple study regions https://t.co/OE7S5cN9lA
Github

code for computing, analyzing, and visualizing measures of transit accessibility in Canada

Repository: canada-transit-access
User: SAUSy-Lab
Language: R
Stargazers: 8
Subscribers: 5
Forks: 3
Open Issues: 0
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 9176
Unqiue Words: 2363

2.005 Mikeys
#2. Cultural evolution of emotional expression in 50 years of song lyrics
Charlotte Olivia Brand, Alberto Acerbi, Alex Mesoudi
The cultural dynamics of music has recently become a popular avenue of research in the field of cultural evolution, reflecting a growing interest in art and popular culture more generally. Just as biologists seek to explain population-level trends in genetic evolution in terms of micro-evolutionary processes such as selection, drift and migration, cultural evolutionists have sought to explain population-level cultural phenomena in terms of underlying social, psychological and demographic factors. Primary amongst these factors are learning biases, describing how cultural items are socially transmitted from person to person. As big datasets become more openly available and workable, and statistical modelling techniques become more powerful, efficient and user-friendly, describing population-level dynamics in terms of simple, individual-level learning biases is becoming more feasible. Here we test for the presence of learning biases in two large datasets of popular song lyrics dating from 1965-2010. We find some evidence of content...
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alexvespi: Cultural evolution of emotional expression in 50 years of song lyrics “evidence of content bias, prestige bias and success bias in the proliferation of negative lyrics” https://t.co/LLu3a7QAYS https://t.co/qChpcPLrgI
socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Cultural evolution of emotional expression in 50 years of song lyrics https://t.co/TQU8ZKf91L
LottyBrand22: New preprint with @acerbialberto & @amesoudi on the cultural evo of emotion in song lyrics. Negative lyrics increase over time, positive lyrics decrease. Some evidence that prestige, success &content bias may play a (small) role. Tell us what you think! https://t.co/9lqOym3uDy
DKaranov: RT @socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Cultural evolution of emotional expression in 50 years of song lyrics https://t.co/TQU8ZKf91L
stadtgeselle: RT @socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Cultural evolution of emotional expression in 50 years of song lyrics https://t.co/TQU8ZKf91L
BookwiseOwl: RT alexvespi: Cultural evolution of emotional expression in 50 years of song lyrics “evidence of content bias, prestige bias and success bias in the proliferation of negative lyrics” https://t.co/4hafjQQupJ https://t.co/9Gs4v8J3Za
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Sample Sizes : [4913, 159015, 237662, 163551, 4913, 267, 169]
Authors: 3
Total Words: 7057
Unqiue Words: 2651

2.002 Mikeys
#3. Sizing up transport poverty: A national scale accounting of low-income households suffering from inaccessibility in Canada, and what to do about it
Jeff Allen, Steven Farber
Millions of Canadians rely on public transportation to conduct daily activities and participate in the labour force. However, many low-income households are disadvantaged because existing public transit service does not provide them with sufficient access to destinations. Limited transit options, compounded with socioeconomic disadvantage, can result in transport poverty, preventing travel to important destinations, like employment opportunities. Given the growing gentrification of Canadian downtowns and the dispersion of poverty into Canadian suburbs, the time is right for a national accounting of those living in transport poverty, and the development of a national transport and land use strategy for alleviating the risks of accessibility deprivation. Accordingly, in this paper we measure and analyze vertical inequalities in access to employment in Canadian cities in order to estimate how many, where, and to what extent, Canadians are at risk of transport poverty. We make use of open transit network data and cutting edge...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Sizing up transport poverty: A national scale accounting of low-income households suffering from inaccessibility in Canada, and what to do about it https://t.co/AloLqRrscX
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 11008
Unqiue Words: 3002

2.002 Mikeys
#4. Big Data in Gerontology
Christopher Steven Marcum
There are many definitions of “Big Data” as virtually every scientific research enterprise adapts to the emergence of the phenomenon. In gerontology, we might consider Big Data to be defined as any set of observations that exceeds the capacities of traditional gerontological approaches to store, analyze, or make inferences due to its volume, velocity, or complexity. Thus, Big Data is not simply a large number of observations in a dataset but rather is defined in terms of how such a dataset is handled; including, possibly, whether it has lasting clinical, policy, or research significance (Lynch, 2008).
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Big Data in Gerontology https://t.co/nUUH86Rjll
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 1062
Unqiue Words: 621

2.002 Mikeys
#5. Neoclassical Realism in the North Atlantic: Explaining Behaviors and Outcomes in the Cod Wars
Sverrir Steinsson
Three things are puzzling about the Cod Wars, three militarized interstate disputes spread over 20 years. First, they occurred between two democratic NATO allies, members of a Western security community. Second, Iceland came close to withdrawing its NATO membership and closing the US base on Icelandic soil, which would have adversely affected the balance of power in the North Atlantic and jeopardized Iceland’s core security interests. Third, Iceland, a microstate, won each of these disputes. Historians and political scientists have consequently found it problematic to account for these puzzling disputes. This study proposes a Neoclassical Realist account for the occurrence and outcomes of the Cod Wars. I argue that the disputes occurred due to (i) powerful domestic pressures on statesmen to escalate and (ii) elite miscalculation. As the disputes escalated and Iceland’s Western alignment was put at greater risk, statesmen in both countries, mindful of the dangers of re-alignment, were able to resolve the conflicts in the end. The...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Neoclassical Realism in the North Atlantic: Explaining Behaviors and Outcomes in the Cod Wars https://t.co/HQ0GHP3VKm
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 10582
Unqiue Words: 2679

2.002 Mikeys
#6. Expansión de la esfera pública en Chile: Redes sociales, campañas electorales y participación digital
Bastián González-Bustamante, Diego Barría
En este capítulo buscamos responder a estas interrogantes, explorando en el uso de redes sociales en campañas electorales y en conversaciones políticas en la esfera digital. Para esto, usamos como caso de estudio a Chile entre 2009 y 2015. Para facilitar la exposición del tema, dividimos el capítulo en tres apartados. En el primero, abordamos de forma resumida diversos asuntos teóricos relacionados con el avance de las tecnologías de información y su influencia en fenómenos democráticos y electorales, con especial énfasis en la masificación del uso de redes sociales con fines electorales. En el segundo, abordaremos exploratoriamente el uso de redes sociales en las campañas electorales recientes, específicamente durante las últimas dos elecciones presidenciales (2009-2010 y 2013) y en otros hitos políticos como cuentas públicas o shocks sobre el sistema político, como escándalos de corrupción. El último corresponde a las conclusiones, donde retomamos las preguntas iniciales para responderlas a la luz del recorrido...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Expansion de la esfera publica en Chile: Redes sociales, campanas electorales y participacion digital https://t.co/GQB1fvSaWD
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 6683
Unqiue Words: 2720

1.998 Mikeys
#7. The Paradox of Inequality: Income Inequality and Belief in Meritocracy go Hand in Hand
Jonathan Mijs
Inequality is on the rise: gains have been concentrated with a small elite, while most have seen their fortunes stagnate or fall. Despite what scholars and journalists consider a worrying trend, there is no evidence of growing popular concern about inequality. In fact, research suggests that citizens in unequal societies are less concerned than those in more egalitarian societies. How to make sense of this paradox? I argue that citizens’ consent to inequality is explained by their growing conviction that societal success is reflective of a meritocratic process. Drawing on 25-years of International Social Survey Programme data, I show that rising inequality is legitimated by the popular belief that the income gap is meritocratically deserved: the more unequal a society, the more likely its citizens are to explain success in meritocratic terms, and the less important they deem non-meritocratic factors such as a person’s family wealth and connections.
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: The Paradox of Inequality: Income Inequality and Belief in Meritocracy go Hand in Hand https://t.co/QZfUIjB5PU
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 13271
Unqiue Words: 3726

1.998 Mikeys
#8. Going beyond demographics: How social contexts shape individual attitudes
Christian S. Czymara
Immigration has been a vividly discussed topic in Europe in recent years, leading to an increased polarisation in many Western societies. This relates to rising immigration rates as well as to significant, dramatic events such as terrorist attacks and acts of xenophobic violence. A plethora of studies has investigated the impact of a country’s actual immigration on individual attitudes towards migrants. However, the impact of national discourses about immigration has received significantly less attention in empirical-quantitative research. This imbalance is striking because research has shown that natives’ perceptions of their country’s ethnic composition are largely biased. Combining sociology and communication sciences, I argue that immigration related discourses influence exclusionary attitudes and ethnic resentment beyond actual demographic circumstances. This is because such discourses are potent activators of feelings of threat, especially regarding specific kinds of ethnic out-groups. I examine effects of mass media,...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Going beyond demographics: How social contexts shape individual attitudes https://t.co/W3uidaxVQk
ddefranza: RT @socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Going beyond demographics: How social contexts shape individual attitudes https://t.co/W3uidaxVQk
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 9675
Unqiue Words: 2895

1.998 Mikeys
#9. Neuroscience of morality and teacher education
Hyemin Han
Given that teachers become primary fundamental exemplars and models for their students and the students are likely to emulate the presented teachers’ behaviors, it is necessary to consider how to promote teachers’ abilities as potential moral educators during the course of teacher education. To achieve this ultimate aim in teacher education, as argued by moral philosophers, psychologists, and educators, teachers should be able to well understand the mechanisms of moral functioning and how to effectively promote moral development based on evidence. Recent findings in the fields of social sciences that have examined how morality is functioning among human beings, moral psychology in particular, provide us with the evidence through experiments and observations. Furthermore, thanks to the development of scientific research methods that enable researchers to investigate the neural-level nature of human behavior, the researchers now can examine neural correlates of moral functioning that constitutes the basis of moral behavior and...
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socarxivpapers: #SocArXiv: Neuroscience of morality and teacher education https://t.co/FRMAYd5kb0
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 2387
Unqiue Words: 820

0.0 Mikeys
#10. Syllable Structure of Totok Chingkho
Anisha Sinha
This research presents a phonological description of Totok Chingkho. The aim is to construct a phonemic and vocalic inventory of the language, as well as look into the syllable structure. The main objective of this research is to provide a phonological basis for further research in this language. Field methodology was used during data collection for this project. A word list of approximately 413 words was constructed and translated to Totok Chingkho by a native speaker. The translated words were transcribed using the IPA system, and were analyzed manually. The phonemic and vocalic inventory were created from minimal pairs extracted from the word-list. To determine the syllable structure, words were divided according to the number of syllables and their onset-nucleus, nucleus-coda relationship was investigated. There is a possibility for further research in phonological system as well as suprasegmental phonology of Totok Chingkho. Certain anomalies were observed, such as, the presence of labial stops and nasal sounds but absence of...
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 1858
Unqiue Words: 871

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