Top 10 Psyarxiv Papers Today in Social And Behavioral Sciences


2.016 Mikeys
#1. Predictive person models elicit motor biases: the face-inhibition effect revisited
Kimberley C Schenke, Natalie Wyer, Steven Tipper, Patric Bach
We adapted an established paradigm (Bach & Tipper, 2007; Tipper & Bach, 2010) to test whether people derive motoric predictions about an actor’s forthcoming actions from both prior knowledge about them, and the context in which they are seen. In two experiments, participants identified famous tennis and soccer players with either hand or foot responses, while these athletes were seen either carrying out or not carrying out their typical actions, in contexts in which these actions are typically seen (soccer field, tennis court) or outside these contexts (beach, awards ceremony). Identifying not-acting athletes revealed the expected negative compatibility effects, such that viewing a tennis player led to faster responses with a foot than a hand, and vice versa for a soccer player. In line with the idea that these negative compatibility effects reflect the absence of a predicted action, these effects were eliminated (or turned into positive compatibility effects), when the athletes were seen carrying out their expected...
more | pdf
Figures
None.
Tweets
PsyArXivBot: Predictive person models elicit motor biases: the face-inhibition effect revisited https://t.co/QFWpFQUM5b
PhilCorlett1: RT @PsyArXivBot: Predictive person models elicit motor biases: the face-inhibition effect revisited https://t.co/QFWpFQUM5b
kimberlyquinn: RT @PsyArXivBot: Predictive person models elicit motor biases: the face-inhibition effect revisited https://t.co/QFWpFQUM5b
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 4
Total Words: 0
Unqiue Words: 0

2.008 Mikeys
#2. Gossip and reputation in childhood
Gordon Ingram
Analysis of the development of gossip and reputation during childhood can help with understanding these processes in adulthood, as well as with understanding children’s own social worlds. Five stages of gossip-related behavior and reputation-related cognition are considered. Infants seem to be prepared for a reputational world in that they are sensitive to social stimuli; approach or avoid social agents who act positively or negatively to others, respectively; and point interaction partners toward relevant information. Young children engage in verbal signaling (normative protests and tattling) about individuals who violate social norms. In middle childhood, the development of higher-order theory of mind leads to a fully explicit awareness of reputation as something that can be linguistically transmitted. Because of this, preadolescents start to engage in increased conflict regarding others’ verbal evaluations. Finally, during adolescence and adulthood, gossip becomes more covert, more ambiguous, and less openly negative. The...
more | pdf
Figures
None.
Tweets
gordoning: Here's a preprint of "Gossip and reputation in childhood", my recent chapter in the Oxford Handbook of Gossip and Reputation, edited by Francesca Giardini & Rafael Wittek. https://t.co/7LXlVko7Zx #gossip #reputation #devpsych
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 1
Total Words: 0
Unqiue Words: 0

2.008 Mikeys
#3. The morality of war: A review and research agenda
Hanne M Watkins
What is judged as morally right and wrong in war? In the present paper I argue that despite many decades of research on moral psychology, and on the psychology of intergroup conflict, social psychology does not yet have a good answer to this question. However, it is a question of great importance, as its answer has implications for decision making in war, public policy, and international law. I therefore suggest a new way for psychology to study the morality of war, which combines the strengths of philosophical just war theory with experimental techniques and theories developed for the psychological study of morality more generally. This novel approach has already begun to elucidate the moral judgments we make in war, and I demonstrate that these early findings have important implications for moral psychology, just war theory, and our understanding of the morality of war.
more | pdf
Figures
None.
Tweets
patilindrajeets: The morality of war: A review and research agenda ft. @hm_watkins https://t.co/2Tt50fOD9w This work has- "important implications for moral psychology, just war theory, and our understanding of the morality of war" https://t.co/Plabj9zdMm
m_emilian: RT @patilindrajeets: The morality of war: A review and research agenda ft. @hm_watkins https://t.co/2Tt50fOD9w This work has- "important…
GregRPeterson: RT @patilindrajeets: The morality of war: A review and research agenda ft. @hm_watkins https://t.co/2Tt50fOD9w This work has- "important…
Smita__Singh: RT @patilindrajeets: The morality of war: A review and research agenda ft. @hm_watkins https://t.co/2Tt50fOD9w This work has- "important…
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 1
Total Words: 0
Unqiue Words: 0

2.007 Mikeys
#4. I don´t fit, so I blame you? - Influence of Regulatory Focus and Fit on Emotion Generation and Regulation in Single- and Group-Context
Christopher Martin Jones
Person-environment-interactions play a main role in the process of emotional experience. While Regulatory Focus Theory has been adopted to illustrate how some goal-oriented parts of this process might shape by proposing a regulatory fit between individual and environmental characteristics, whether this fit not only implies feeling “right” but feeling “good” or at least cope better, has not been tested empirically. In this study, we extend earlier research on the influence of regulatory fit to the generation and regulation of emotions. We additionally emphasize the role of the context, by integrating current work on group-based emotion regulation in comparing single- and group-environments. We used a within-subjects design, with 2 (situational focus) x 2 (single/group environment) levels. Thirty-two male football players participated in one football-specific task per level. Emotional experience and cognitive regulation strategies were measured after each. Multilevel regression showed, that a regulatory fit predicted more...
more | pdf
Figures
None.
Tweets
psych_jones: Just uploaded a new #preprint to #PsyArXiv ( https://t.co/4NTfWMcUed )! We look at the role regulatory focus / fit might play in emotion generation and regulation - asking, does feeling „right“ imply feeling „good“? We additionally expand this view to group-based emotions… 1/4
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 1
Total Words: 12024
Unqiue Words: 3955

2.005 Mikeys
#5. Minimal coherence among varied theory of mind measures in childhood and adulthood
Katherine Rice Warnell, Elizabeth Redcay
Theory of mind—or the understanding that others have mental states that can differ from one’s own and reality—is currently measured across the lifespan by a wide array of tasks. These tasks vary across dimensions including modality, complexity, affective content, and whether responses are explicit or implicit. As a result, theoretical and meta-analytic work has begun to question whether such varied approaches to theory of mind should be categorized as capturing a single construct. To directly address the coherence of theory of mind, and to determine whether that coherence changes across development, we administered a diverse set of theory of mind measures to three different samples: preschoolers, school-aged children, and adults. All tasks showed wide variability in performance, indicating that children and adults often have inconsistent and partial mastery of theory of mind concepts. Further, for all ages studied, the selected theory of mind tasks showed minimal correlations with each other. That is, having high levels of theory...
more | pdf
Figures
None.
Tweets
eredcay: A main goal of this paper was to stimulate more discussion on what is theory of mind and what are our measures assessing - happy to see lots of discussion already. Preprint here: https://t.co/cPKlCbaYah. Importantly, due credit to @katewarnell for making this paper happen!
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 2
Total Words: 0
Unqiue Words: 0

2.002 Mikeys
#6. Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial
Michael Franke, Timo B. Roettger
Generalized linear mixed models are handy tools for statistical inference, and Bayesian approaches to applying these become increasingly popular. This tutorial provides an accessible, non-technical introduction to the use and feel of Bayesian mixed effects regression models. The focus is on data from a factorial-design experiment.
more | pdf
Figures
Tweets
CCiL_UAB: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/7QEEQ3mJda via @OSFramework
meanwhileina: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial @TimoRoettger and I built on @BodoWinter's tutorials to showcase the look-and-feel of a Bayesian regression analysis, using @paulbuerkner's #brms package. Curious? -> Explore! https://t.co/kZ14CKXXQD https://t.co/45rRnZBLiH
leafs_s: RT @PsyArXivBot: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/11bs8DstPR
dimitrisbolis: RT @PsyArXivBot: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/11bs8DstPR
mflarad: RT @CCiL_UAB: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/7QEEQ3mJda via @OSFramework
healthandstats: RT @PsyArXivBot: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/11bs8DstPR
SaurabhYRanjan: RT @PsyArXivBot: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/11bs8DstPR
markus_haun: RT @PsyArXivBot: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/11bs8DstPR
Hiro_IMADA: RT @PsyArXivBot: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/11bs8DstPR
BillyJansson: RT @PsyArXivBot: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/11bs8DstPR
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 2
Total Words: 8796
Unqiue Words: 2412

2.002 Mikeys
#7. Family Matters: Rethinking the Psychology of Human Social Motivation
Ahra Ko, Cari M. Pick, Jung Yul Kwon, Michael Barlev, Jaimie Krems, Michael E. W. Varnum, Becca Neel, Douglas Kenrick
What motives do people prioritize in their social lives? Historically, social psychologists, especially those adopting an evolutionary perspective, have devoted a great deal of research attention to sexual attraction and romantic partner choice (mate-seeking). Research on long-term familial bonds (mate retention and kin care) has been less thoroughly connected to relevant comparative and evolutionary work on other species, and in the case of kin care, less well researched. Examining varied sources of data from 27 societies around the world, we found that people generally view familial motives as primary in importance, and mate-seeking motives as relatively low in importance. College students, single people, and males place relatively higher emphasis on mate-seeking, but even those samples rated kin care motives as more important. Further, motives linked to long-term familial bonds are positively associated with psychological well-being, but mate-seeking motives are associated with anxiety and depression. We address theoretical and...
more | pdf
Figures
None.
Tweets
DegenRolf: Across societies, people overwhelmingly ranked mate-seeking as the least important motive, while family relations ranked first. Mate-seeking motives were associated with anxiety, depression and lower life satisfaction. https://t.co/ELoUfn2C7o https://t.co/Yj0brM6HPg
RebeccaSear: This looks well worth a read - "Family Matters: Rethinking the Psychology of Human Social Motivation" Abstract summary: there's been waaaaaay too much evo psych work on mate-seeking & not nearly enough on family relationships (hallelujah!) https://t.co/XKpiO2dDhr
michael_barlev: Evolutionary and social psychologists have made many important discoveries about sexual attraction and romantic partner choice. In a new paper entitled "Family Matters: Rethinking the Psychology of Human Social Motivation" https://t.co/lRSEJNvSZK (1/3) https://t.co/HRYi5di2ln
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 8
Total Words: 0
Unqiue Words: 0

1.999 Mikeys
#8. Peer Sociometric Status and Personality Development from Middle Childhood to Preadolescence
Ville-Juhani Ilmarinen, Mari-Pauliina Vainikainen, Markku Verkasalo, Jan-Erik Lönnqvist
Sociometric status, the regard that other group members confer to an individual, is one of the most ubiquitous and behaviorally relevant attributes assigned to the person by the social environment. Despite this, its contribution to personality development has received little attention. The present three-wave longitudinal study, spanning the age range 7-13 years (n = 1222), sought to fill this gap by examining the transactional pathways between peer sociometric status (measured by peer nominations) and Five-Factor personality traits (measured by self-, parent, and teacher ratings). Sociometric status prospectively predicted the development of extraversion. By contrast, agreeableness and neuroticism prospectively predicted the development of sociometric status. Furthermore, individual-level stability in extraversion was associated with individual-level stability in sociometric status. The results were robust across different sources of personality ratings. We argue that peer sociometric status in the school classroom is the type of...
more | pdf
Figures
None.
Tweets
Madeleine_Je: RT @PsyArXivBot: Peer Sociometric Status and Personality Development from Middle Childhood to Preadolescence https://t.co/qxmD3jySVN
vilmarine: RT @PsyArXivBot: Peer Sociometric Status and Personality Development from Middle Childhood to Preadolescence https://t.co/qxmD3jySVN
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 4
Total Words: 0
Unqiue Words: 0

1.998 Mikeys
#9. Resilience, where to begin? A lay theories approach.
John Maltby, Saleh Moradi, John Hunter, Scarf Damian, Sofya Nartova-Bochaver, Konstantin Bochaver, Olga Lopukhova, Ayat Hosseini, Laura MacDonald, Sarah A Hunt
Objective: The current study adopted a lay theories approach to examine how everyday ideas of the key characteristics of resilience are consistent with an ecological systems theory of resilience across several countries. Method: We compared the factor structure of lay theories of resilience across five countries (n=3793; 1499 males, 2285 females, 9 did not disclose; USA (n = 738), New Zealand (n = 576), India (n = 544), Iran (n = 736), Russia (n = 1199). Results: First, across and within cultures, everyday ideas of resilience are closely aligned with the ecological systems theory approach. Second, in extending ecological systems theory, among humans there is an additional resilience system that can be described as “governance resilience” comprising controlled cognitive and emotional abilities. Conclusions: The current findings suggest the usefulness of considering ecological systems theory to frame definitions of psychological resilience.
more | pdf
Figures
None.
Tweets
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : [3793]
Authors: 10
Total Words: 9325
Unqiue Words: 3109

1.998 Mikeys
#10. Attitudes underlying reliance on complementary and alternative medicine
Szilvia Zorgo, Gjalt-Jorn Peters, Samvel Mkhitaryan
Objective: We aimed to map attitudes underlying complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use, especially those involved in “dysfunctional CAM reliance”, that is, foregoing biomedical treatment in a life-threatening situation in favor of alternative treatment. Analyses of modifiable determinants of CAM use were conducted at a sufficiently specific level to inform intervention development. Methods: We collected usable data on CAM-related attitudinal beliefs from 151 participants in Budapest with varying degrees of CAM use, which we analyzed using Confidence Interval-Based Estimation of Relevance plots. Results: Although there were beliefs which the entire sample shared, there was a marked difference between the biomedical and CAM groups. These differences were beliefs concerning trust in various medical systems; the level of importance assigned to emotions in falling ill; and vitalism or Eastern concepts. Regarding CAM users in general, the most successful intervention targets are beliefs in vitalism on the one hand, and...
more | pdf
Figures
None.
Tweets
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : [20]
Authors: 3
Total Words: 10346
Unqiue Words: 3199

About

Assert is a website where the best academic papers on arXiv (computer science, math, physics), bioRxiv (biology), BITSS (reproducibility), EarthArXiv (earth science), engrXiv (engineering), LawArXiv (law), PsyArXiv (psychology), SocArXiv (social science), and SportRxiv (sport research) bubble to the top each day.

Papers are scored (in real-time) based on how verifiable they are (as determined by their Github repos) and how interesting they are (based on Twitter).

To see top papers, follow us on twitter @assertpub_ (arXiv), @assert_pub (bioRxiv), and @assertpub_dev (everything else).

To see beautiful figures extracted from papers, follow us on Instagram.

Tracking 158,360 papers.

Search
Sort results based on if they are interesting or reproducible.
Interesting
Reproducible
Feedback
Online
Stats
Tracking 158,360 papers.