Top 10 Psyarxiv Papers Today in Psychiatry


2.004 Mikeys
#1. Cross sectional analysis of depression and stress in medical students
Tyler S. Jones, Deborah Rupert
Medical student wellbeing is a topic of growing concern. Medical students experience high levels of stress and burnout and are at increased risk for depression and suicidal ideation compared to the general population. Even more concerning, medical students are disproportionately less likely to seek help for their mental health issues. Identifying and preventing these problems early can have lasting positive consequences over the course of a physician’s lifetime. We implemented a wellness program at our medical school in the spring of 2016 with the goals of decreasing burnout and depression, heightening awareness of mental health issues, and encouraging help-seeking behaviors. To analyze the impact of our program, we have implemented a quality assurance survey. Here we report lifestyle factors associated with positive screens for depression from that data and propose institutional initiatives that can be spearheaded by medical students for medical students to impact positive change.
more | pdf
Figures
None.
Tweets
PsyArXivBot: Cross sectional analysis of depression and stress in medical students https://t.co/QOVlzfZ6bE
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : [14, 42, 2]
Authors: 2
Total Words: 3651
Unqiue Words: 1578

1.984 Mikeys
#2. FROM SOCCER TEAMS TO PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS: A NEW APPROACH TO UNDERSTAND AFFECTIVE RIVALRY
Luiz G Gawryszewski, Allan Pablo do Nascimento Lameira
Conde et al (2011) reported a modulation of the spatial compatibility effect by the affective valence of soccer team figures. For Favorite team, it was faster to respond by pressing the key located on the stimulus side than the opposite key (ipsi- and contralateral keys, respectively). For Rival team, this pattern was reversed. These findings were interpreted as being due to approach and avoidance reactions which facilitate both the ipsilateral response to a positive stimulus and the contralateral response to a negative one and vice-versa. This hypothesis was challenged by arguing that there is no spatial compatibility effect when a mixed-rule task was used and that approach/avoidance reactions are not elicited when a keyboard was employed to execute the responses. Alternatively, it was proposed that Conde et al. (2011) results were due to task-set effects. Here, manual responses were selected according to the volunteer’s Preference for the candidates to Presidential election in Brazil. The names of the Favorite and Rival...
more | pdf
Figures
None.
Tweets
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 2
Total Words: 0
Unqiue Words: 0

0.0 Mikeys
#3. The Origins of the Stanford-Binet 5, WAIS-IV, WISC-V, and WPPSI-IV Subtests
Aisa Gibbons, Russell T. Warne
In this article we describe the origins of the subtests that appear on the modern Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales (SB5), Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI-IV), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-V), and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-IV). We found that the majority of these subtest formats were first created in 1908 or earlier and that only four have been created since 1980. We discuss the implications of this findings, which are that (1) many subtests have lengthy research histories that support their use in measuring intelligence; (2) many subtests have formats that predate modern theories of test creation, cognitive psychology, and intelligence; and (3) the history of many subtests is more complex than psychologists probably realize.
more | pdf
Figures
Tweets
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 2
Total Words: 8464
Unqiue Words: 2442

0.0 Mikeys
#4. How personalized behavioral activation interventions improve the behaviors of individuals with anhedonia
Eeske van Roekel, Albertine Oldehinkel
Background. Interventions for anhedonia (loss of pleasure) often focus on re-engagement in pleasurable activities (i.e., behavioral activation). Using the Experience Sampling Method, we aimed to examine how anhedonic individuals changed their lifestyle behavior (i.e., physical activity, time outside, worrying, and social activity) after a personalized lifestyle advice session, and how these changes in behavior where associated with improvement. Methods. Participants were 69 young adults (aged 18-24 years) with persistent anhedonia, who filled out 3 assessments per day about lifestyle behaviors and affect for 3 months. After an observation month, participants received personalized lifestyle advice, based on observed associations between lifestyle behaviors and pleasure. Results. Results showed that, without taking into account whether participants followed up on the advice, there was not one specific type of advice more effective than others. When examining behavior changes, we found that changes in social interaction, physical...
more | pdf
Figures
Tweets
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 2
Total Words: 5732
Unqiue Words: 1722

0.0 Mikeys
#5. PTSD in Young Banso Widows in Cameroon
Ruth Lange, Cass Dykeman
There are an estimated 250 million widows across the globe, and more than 500,000 of these individuals are projected to reside in Cameroon. Despite these statistics, to date relatively little research about widows in Cameroon has been accomplished. As such, little information is available as to the mental health status of Cameroonian widows. The purpose of the current study was to examine and document post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) levels among young Banso widows in Cameroon. Findings indicated that 86% of the target population possessed PTSD symptoms in moderate to severe range. This level far exceeded a general community sample of Africa women. Select social justice and human rights implications were discussed.
more | pdf
Figures
None.
Tweets
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 2
Total Words: 5267
Unqiue Words: 1882

0.0 Mikeys
#6. Comparing ISTDP and AEDP
hans welling
Comparing some aspects of contemporary ISTDP and AEDP
more | pdf
Figures
Tweets
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 1
Total Words: 906
Unqiue Words: 483

0.0 Mikeys
#7. Is this AEDP? 6 unique characteristics of AEDP
hans welling
In this article the author identifies the unique characteristics of Accelerated Experiential Dynamic Psychotherapy as compared to other models.
more | pdf
Figures
None.
Tweets
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 1
Total Words: 0
Unqiue Words: 0

0.0 Mikeys
#8. An evolutionary perspective on paranoia
Nichola Raihani, Vaughan Bell
Although paranoia is the most commonly presenting symptom of psychosis, paranoid thoughts occur frequently in the general population and range widely in severity, from mild socio-evaluative concerns to frank delusions about the harmful intentions of others. Furthermore, paranoia commonly appears after a surprisingly diverse range of difficulties including trauma, brain injury, sleep deprivation, drug use, and psychiatric and neurological disorder. Evolutionary accounts of paranoia have been proposed before but have largely focused on paranoia as a misplaced threat response. Although social threat is clearly a key component, the experience of paranoia is markedly more complex than these accounts would lead us to believe: paranoia can involve multiple alterations in the perception of the social environment, the identification of specific but seemingly arbitrary groups as the source of persecution, and extended beliefs about conspiracy and complex coordination between the perceived persecutors. Here, we argue for an evolutionary...
more | pdf
Figures
None.
Tweets
simoncolumbus: In her talk, @nicholaraihani argues that paranoia may be an adaptation that helps us detect and avoid such social threats. Preprint: https://t.co/XTPAEcGZIu
Mark_Ho_: Paranoia (in the sense of overestimating or falsely perceiving social threats) seems maladaptive, but this paper argues why it might be adaptive from the perspective of coalition formation https://t.co/tVOsTt01lS
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 2
Total Words: 9012
Unqiue Words: 3801

0.0 Mikeys
#9. Comorbid personality disorders and their impact on the presentation of severe dissociative experiences in patients with borderline personality disorder in Mexican patients
Andres Rodriguez-Delgado, ivan arango, Ana Fresan, Edgar Miranda, Eduardo A. Garza-Villarreal, ruth alcala, xochitl duque, Thania Guadalupe Balducci Garcia
The objective of this study was to identify personality disorders comorbid to BPD that confer greater risk for the presence of severe dissociative experiences. Three hundred and one outpatients with a primary diagnosis of BPD were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II personality disorders (SCID-II), the Borderline Evaluation of Severity Over Time (BEST) and the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES). Our results show that the most frequent personality disorders comorbid to BPD were paranoid (83.2%, n = 263) and depressive (81.3%, n = 257). On average, the patients scored with 43.3 points and 28.6 points in the BEST and DES scales respectively. We categorized the sample into patients with and without severe dissociative experiences (41% were positive). A logistic regression model revealed that Schizotypal, Obsessive-compulsive and Antisocial personality disorders conferred greater risk for the presence of severe dissociative experiences. The results suggest that a large proportion of patients with BPD...
more | pdf
Figures
None.
Tweets
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 8
Total Words: 5009
Unqiue Words: 1581

0.0 Mikeys
#10. Adapted cognitive behavior therapy for obsessive compulsive disorder with co-occuring autism spectrum disorder: A clinical effectiveness study
Oskar Flygare, Erik Andersson, Helene Ringberg, Anna-Clara Hellstadius, Johan Edbacken, Jesper Enander, Matti Dahl, Kristina Aspvall, Indra Windh, Ailsa J Russell
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) commonly co-occur. Adapted CBT for OCD in adults with ASD has not previously been evaluated outside the United Kingdom. In this study, 19 adults with OCD and Asperger syndrome were treated using an updated CBT protocol. The primary outcome was the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (YBOCS). Secondary outcomes were self-rated obsessive-compulsive symptoms, depressive symptoms, quality of life, and daily functioning. Participants were assessed at baseline, at 10 weeks during treatment, at post-treatment and at 3-month follow-up. Treatment response and remission were determined according to international consensus definitions. There were large reductions on the YBOCS at post-treatment, and improvements were sustained at follow-up (d=1.2). Self-rated OCD symptoms and depressive symptoms also showed statistically significant reductions. Improvements in general functioning and quality of life were non-significant. At follow-up, three participants were responders...
more | pdf
Figures
Tweets
Github
None.
Youtube
None.
Other stats
Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 10
Total Words: 5780
Unqiue Words: 2335

About

Assert is a website where the best academic papers on arXiv (computer science, math, physics), bioRxiv (biology), BITSS (reproducibility), EarthArXiv (earth science), engrXiv (engineering), LawArXiv (law), PsyArXiv (psychology), SocArXiv (social science), and SportRxiv (sport research) bubble to the top each day.

Papers are scored (in real-time) based on how verifiable they are (as determined by their Github repos) and how interesting they are (based on Twitter).

To see top papers, follow us on twitter @assertpub_ (arXiv), @assert_pub (bioRxiv), and @assertpub_dev (everything else).

To see beautiful figures extracted from papers, follow us on Instagram.

Tracking 56,474 papers.

Search
Sort results based on if they are interesting or reproducible.
Interesting
Reproducible
Feedback
Online
Stats
Tracking 56,474 papers.