Top 10 Psyarxiv Papers Today in Psychiatry


1.999 Mikeys
#1. Premenstrual Disorders: A Primer and Research Agenda for Psychologists
Tory Eisenlohr-Moul
Females are 2-3 times more likely to develop an affective disorder and three times more likely to make a suicide attempt. The etiology of these sex differences is complex, and cannot be reduced to biology alone. However, the growing field of reproductive mood disorders highlights how lifetime exposure to fluctuations in neuroactive sex hormones (including across the menstrual cycle) do contribute to greater female risk, specifically among those females who are neurobiologically sensitive to normal hormone changes (e.g., those with premenstrual disorders). Psychologists--and particularly clinical psychologists-- are trained to be expert in skills relevant to the study and treatment of premenstrual disorders, including assessment, differential diagnosis, and mechanisms of complex behaviors, and often develop other relevant expertise in the neurobiology of affective disorders and advanced longitudinal methods. The purpose of this article is to clarify how psychologists’ strengths can be readily applied to advance scientific knowledge...
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eisenlohr_moul: RT @PsyArXivBot: Premenstrual Disorders: A Primer and Research Agenda for Psychologists https://t.co/T88AAINEE3
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Sample Sizes : [173]
Authors: 1
Total Words: 9651
Unqiue Words: 2945

1.997 Mikeys
#2. Implicit attachment and substance use
Wilfried Serra, Armand Chatard, Nina Tello, Ghina Harika-Germaneau, Xavier Noël, Nemat Jaafari
Indirect measures of cognition have become an important tool in research on addiction. To date, however, no research has examined whether indirect measures of parent attachment relate to substance use. To examine this issue, a sample of college students (N = 121) was asked to complete two measures of explicit attachment (the Relationship Questionnaire; Bartholomew & Horowitz, 1991, and the Adult Attachment Styles; Collins & Read, 1990), and a measure of implicit attachment (the Single Category Implicit Association Test, Karpinski & Steinman, 2006). The indirect attachment measure assessed the strength of automatic mental association between the concepts parents and secure. Participants also completed different measures of tobacco, cannabis, and alcohol use. Results showed that, for most of the participants, the parents were considered a source of security at both the explicit and implicit levels. Direct and indirect attachment measures were not related to each other. Overall, explicit attachment was not related to...
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armand_chatard: "Mummy, Daddy, and Addiction: Implicit Insecure Attachment is Associated with Substance Use in College Students" Check out our new preprint https://t.co/a0iT0dTcpx in press at Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
PsyArXivBot: Implicit attachment and substance use https://t.co/6BzDVg78JX
matchoszcka: RT @PsyArXivBot: Implicit attachment and substance use https://t.co/6BzDVg78JX
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Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 6
Total Words: 6407
Unqiue Words: 2286

0.0 Mikeys
#3. Measuring Novel Antecedents of Mental Illness: The Questionnaire of Unpredictability in Childhood
Laura Glynn, Hal S. Stern, Mariann A. Howland, Victoria B. Risbrough, Dewleen G. Baker, Caroline M. Nievergelt, Tallie Z. Baram, Elysia Davis
Increasing evidence indicates that, in addition to poverty, maternal depression and other well-established factors, unpredictability of maternal and environmental signals early in life influences trajectories of brain development, determining risk for subsequent mental illness. However, whereas most risk factors for later vulnerability to mental illness are readily measured using existing, clinically available tools, there are no similar measures for assessing early-life unpredictability. Here we validate the Questionnaire of Unpredictability in Childhood (QUIC) and examine its associations with mental health in the context of other indicators of childhood adversity (e.g. traumatic life events, socioeconomic status and parenting quality). The QUIC was initially validated through administration to a cohort of adult females (N = 116) and then further refined in two additional independent cohorts (male Veterans, N = 95, and male and female adolescents, N = 175). The QUIC demonstrated excellent internal (α = .89) and test-retest...
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Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 8
Total Words: 8619
Unqiue Words: 2561

0.0 Mikeys
#4. Adapted cognitive behavior therapy for obsessive compulsive disorder with co-occuring autism spectrum disorder: A clinical effectiveness study
Oskar Flygare, Erik Andersson, Helene Ringberg, Anna-Clara Hellstadius, Johan Edbacken, Jesper Enander, Matti Dahl, Kristina Aspvall, Indra Windh, Ailsa J Russell
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) commonly co-occur. Adapted CBT for OCD in adults with ASD has not previously been evaluated outside the United Kingdom. In this study, 19 adults with OCD and Asperger syndrome were treated using an updated CBT protocol. The primary outcome was the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (YBOCS). Secondary outcomes were self-rated obsessive-compulsive symptoms, depressive symptoms, quality of life, and daily functioning. Participants were assessed at baseline, at 10 weeks during treatment, at post-treatment and at 3-month follow-up. Treatment response and remission were determined according to international consensus definitions. There were large reductions on the YBOCS at post-treatment, and improvements were sustained at follow-up (d=1.2). Self-rated OCD symptoms and depressive symptoms also showed statistically significant reductions. Improvements in general functioning and quality of life were non-significant. At follow-up, three participants were responders...
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Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 10
Total Words: 5780
Unqiue Words: 2335

0.0 Mikeys
#5. Grandiose and Vulnerable Narcissistic States in Interpersonal Situations
Elizabeth A. Edershile, Aidan G.C. Wright
Clinicians have noted that narcissistic individuals fluctuate over time in their levels of grandiosity and vulnerability. However, these fluctuations remain poorly understood from an empirical perspective. Interpersonal theory asserts that interpersonal situations are central to the expression of personality and psychopathology, and therefore are a key context in which to understand state narcissism’s dynamic processes. The present study is the first to examine state narcissism assessed during interpersonal situations. Specifically, perceptions of others’ warmth and dominance, momentary grandiosity and vulnerability, and one’s own warm and dominant behavior were assessed across situations in daily life in a large sample (person N=286; occasion N=6,837). Results revealed that more grandiose individuals perceived others as colder and behaved in a more dominant and cold fashion, on average. But in the moment, relatively higher grandiosity was associated with perceiving others as warmer and more submissive and resulted in more...
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Sample Sizes : [286, 6, 250, 288, 175, 65, 42, 140, 148]
Authors: 2
Total Words: 5730
Unqiue Words: 1847

0.0 Mikeys
#6. How personalized behavioral activation interventions improve the behaviors of individuals with anhedonia
Eeske van Roekel, Albertine Oldehinkel
Background. Interventions for anhedonia (loss of pleasure) often focus on re-engagement in pleasurable activities (i.e., behavioral activation). Using the Experience Sampling Method, we aimed to examine how anhedonic individuals changed their lifestyle behavior (i.e., physical activity, time outside, worrying, and social activity) after a personalized lifestyle advice session, and how these changes in behavior where associated with improvement. Methods. Participants were 69 young adults (aged 18-24 years) with persistent anhedonia, who filled out 3 assessments per day about lifestyle behaviors and affect for 3 months. After an observation month, participants received personalized lifestyle advice, based on observed associations between lifestyle behaviors and pleasure. Results. Results showed that, without taking into account whether participants followed up on the advice, there was not one specific type of advice more effective than others. When examining behavior changes, we found that changes in social interaction, physical...
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Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 2
Total Words: 5732
Unqiue Words: 1722

0.0 Mikeys
#7. Investigating the role of psychogenic shivers in mental health
Felix Schoeller, Anirudh Krishnakumar
The presence of shivering and psychogenic shivering in mental health was measured using a compiled database including the DSM-5 and a large body of existing assessment tools and technology. We found results for chills, tremors, and temperature. None of the other shiver-related terms (N=9) yielded any results, which suggests that the role of psychogenic shivering in mental health has been largely understudied by physicians and psychiatrists. Based on the results and the data extracted from a complete database of the literature devoted to psychogenic shivers in cognitive neuroscience, we outline the importance of psychogenic shivering in the assessment of mental health in a clinical setting. We discuss how the tools introduced in this article could be developed further to gather new clinical data about both shivers and health.
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GerlindGrosse: RT @PsyArXivBot: Investigating the role of psychogenic shivers in mental health https://t.co/uO6Str8OWg
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Sample Sizes : [9, 94, 10000, 94, 3, 4, 7, 2, 4, 39, 30, 4]
Authors: 2
Total Words: 3529
Unqiue Words: 1426

0.0 Mikeys
#8. Comparing ISTDP and AEDP
hans welling
Comparing some aspects of contemporary ISTDP and AEDP
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Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 1
Total Words: 906
Unqiue Words: 483

0.0 Mikeys
#9. Network analysis of Contingencies of Self-Worth Scale in 680 university students
Giovanni Briganti, Eiko I. Fried, Paul Linkowski
This study investigates the Contingencies of Self-Worth Scale (CSWS) in a sample of 680 university students from a network perspective. We estimated regularized partial correlations among seven CSWS domains: family support, competition, appearance, God’s love, academic competence, virtue and other’s approval. Competition - academic competence and competition – appearance represent the strongest connections in the network. Mean node predictability (shared variance with surrounding nodes) is 0.25. Appearance and academic competence were the most central (i.e. interconnected) domains in the network. Future studies should explore the network structure of self-worth in other healthy adult samples, and also in people with psychopathology. We provide the anonymized dataset as well as the full code in the supplementary materials to ensure complete reproducibility of the results.
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giovbriganti: Our network paper on Self-Worth with @EikoFried and @LINKOWSKI20 is published in Psychiatry Research! The paper is fully reproducible and we provide the full dataset and code (N=680). On @PsyArXivBot you can find the updated preprint and supplementary! https://t.co/FpUstIolom
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Sample Sizes : None.
Authors: 3
Total Words: 4879
Unqiue Words: 1733

0.0 Mikeys
#10. Profiles of emotion regulation in young people accessing youth mental health and drug treatment
Elise Sloan, Kate Hall, George Youssef, Richard Moulding, Helen, Petra Staiger
Deficits regulating emotions are a core process underlying both substance use and mental health disorders. Research has focused on identifying one-to-one associations between individual emotion regulation (ER) strategies and mental health symptoms. Consequently, little is known about how patterns of ER relate to a broad range of psychopathology, in treatment seeking young people. Latent class analysis was used to examine patterns of ER strategies and their relationship with symptoms of depression, anxiety, eating disorders, substance use and borderline personality disorder, in a sample of young treatment seekers. Participants were young people (N=306, M=20.8 years) accessing youth advocacy and support or mental health services in Australia. Participants recalled an emotionally-arousing event experienced when on their own and indicated their use of 14 possible ER responses in an online questionnaire. Symptoms of mental health and substance use were measured. The LCA identified three distinct classes of ER responses:...
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Sample Sizes : [306, 88, 76, 129]
Authors: 6
Total Words: 8450
Unqiue Words: 2633

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