Top 10 Psyarxiv Papers Today in Meta-Science


2.009 Mikeys
#1. Open Science: A Candid Conversation
Kendal N. Smith, Matthew Makel
In response to concerns about the credibility of many published research findings, open science reforms such as preregistration, data sharing, and alternative forms of publication are being increasingly adopted across scientific communities. Although journals in giftedness and advanced academics research have already implemented several of these practices, they remain unfamiliar to some researchers. In this informal conversation, Kendal Smith and Matthew Makel discuss how they came to know and use open science practices; open science values; benefits and objections; and their future aspirations for open science practices in gifted education research. Their conversation aims to help make open science practices more understandable and actionable for both early career and established researchers.
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RickyPo: Open Science: A Candid Conversation https://t.co/vCJPpF8sFe via @OSFramework
livia_tomova: https://t.co/1qdBxZbm6k
livia_tomova: https://t.co/1qdBxYTLeM
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 5072
Unqiue Words: 1882

0.0 Mikeys
#2. The Rent’s too High: Self-Archive for Fair Online Publication Costs
Robert T. Thibault, Amanda MacPherson, Stevan Harnad, Amir Raz
The main contributors of scientific knowledge—researchers—generally aim to disseminate their findings far and wide. And yet, publishing companies have largely kept these findings behind a paywall. With digital publication technology markedly reducing cost, this enduring wall seems disproportionate and unjustified; moreover, it has sparked a topical exchange concerning how to modernize academic publishing. This discussion, however, seems to focus on how to compensate major publishers for providing open access through a pay-to-publish model, in turn transferring financial burdens from libraries to authors and their funders. Large publishing companies, including Elsevier, Springer Nature, Wiley, PLoS, and Frontiers, continue to earn exorbitant revenues each year—hundreds of millions of dollars of which now come from processing charges for open-access articles. A less expensive and equally accessible alternative exists—widespread self-archiving of peer-reviewed articles. All we need is awareness of this alternative and the will...
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Authors: 4
Total Words: 2496
Unqiue Words: 1258

0.0 Mikeys
#3. Protocol for a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Individual Participant Data on the Magnitude of Racial Disparities of Depressive Symptoms in the United States
José M. Causadias, Kevin M. Korous, Karina Cahill, Hannah Pyatetskiy, Eiko I. Fried
A growing body of research has documented racial disparities in depressive symptoms in the United States, although the precise magnitude on these differences is less well understood. This issue has important implications for informing public health policy, and developing and administering prevention and intervention strategies. In this protocol, we propose a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data from nationally representative studies from the United States drawn from Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR). Our three aims are to: 1) Estimate the overall average difference of depressive symptoms between Whites and minorities, as well as between- (e.g., African-Americans, Latinos) and within- (e.g., Latinos: Mexican-Americans, Cuban-Americans) minority groups; 2) Determine if age, sex, education, income, socioeconomic status, and other variables account for these differences; 3) Test the cultural differences and similarities hypotheses.
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Authors: 5
Total Words: 7181
Unqiue Words: 2189

0.0 Mikeys
#4. Protocol for a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Racial Disparities in Executive Functions in the United States
Gianna Rea-Sandin, Kevin M. Korous, José M. Causadias
Executive functioning has important implications for multiple developmental processes and outcomes. However, the degree to which executive functioning varies between and within racial/ethnic groups in the United States is less understood. To address this issue, we will conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of overall executive functioning and its three core components: inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitive flexibility. Our goals are to: 1) examine differences across these components between Whites and minorities, as well as differences between- (e.g., African-Americans, Latinos) and within- (e.g., Latinos: Mexican-Americans, Cuban-Americans) minority groups; and 2) test potential moderators of these differences (e.g., sex, age, measure). We will address the implications of these findings in terms of support for the cultural differences and similarities hypotheses.
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Authors: 3
Total Words: 8716
Unqiue Words: 2361

0.0 Mikeys
#5. A meta-analysis of the worst performance rule
Anna-Lena Schubert
The worst performance rule describes the phenomenon that individuals' slowest responses in a task are more predictive of their general intelligence than their fastest or average responses. Because the worst performance rule supposedly amplifies in heavily g-loaded tasks and in samples whose cognitive abilities factor structure is dominated by a strong g-factor, it has been suggested that whatever mechanism is giving rise to the positive manifold may not promote peak performance, but may rather limit performance in a wide range of cognitive tasks. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to provide a meta-analytically determined estimate of the strength, consistency, and generalizability of the worst performance rule. Across 17 studies containing 21 data sets with a total of 2,722 participants, there was robust evidence for the worst performance rule. However, the increase in correlations across quantiles of the RT distribution did not follow a linear, but a logarithmic trend, suggesting that those cognitive processes contributing...
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Research_Tim: RT @PsyArXivBot: A meta-analysis of the worst performance rule https://t.co/poRQQFZPUv
EvidenceRobot: RT @PsyArXivBot: A meta-analysis of the worst performance rule https://t.co/poRQQFZPUv
SiliconEdge: RT @PsyArXivBot: A meta-analysis of the worst performance rule https://t.co/poRQQFZPUv
edprofessor: RT @PsyArXivBot: A meta-analysis of the worst performance rule https://t.co/poRQQFZPUv
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 8638
Unqiue Words: 2422

0.0 Mikeys
#6. Academic Research Climate Amsterdam
Tamarinde Haven, Lex Bouter, Yvo Smulders, Joeri Tijdink
Contemporary academic culture is sometimes referred to as hypercompetitive and biased towards quantitative output indicators. This may induce a high level of perceived publication pressure, which can have detrimental effects on both science and scientists. Our research question was: What is the level of perceived publication pressure in the four academic institutions in Amsterdam and does the pressure to publish differ between academic ranks and disciplinary fields? We sent out the revised Publication Pressure Questionnaire (PPQr) to all academic researchers in Amsterdam. The PPQr is a validated instrument with 3 subscales (Publication Stress, Publication Resources and Publication Attitude) scored on Likert scale from 1 (totally disagree) to 5 (totally agree). 1073 researchers completed the questionnaire (response rate 14%). Postdocs and assistant professors (M= 3.4) perceive more publication stress than associate and full professors (M= 3.0) as well as PhD students (M= 3.2). PhD students (M= 2.4) perceive a greater lack of...
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PsyArXivBot: Academic Research Climate Amsterdam https://t.co/yDVDoxniaB
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Authors: 4
Total Words: 3996
Unqiue Words: 1566

0.0 Mikeys
#7. The Emerging Relationship Between Clinical Psychology and the Credibility Movement
Kathleen Wade Reardon, Katherine S. Corker, Jennifer L Tackett
There has been a growing conversation about how best to ensure the replicability and credibility of published research in psychology in recent years. However, clinical psychologists have only recently entered this discussion (Leichsenring et al., 2017; Tackett et al., 2017). The pace of reform in psychological science has been surprisingly rapid, and it can be challenging to keep abreast of the latest developments. However, it is critical that clinical psychologists continue to expand their involvement in this movement. To facilitate this involvement, we review the history of the Society for the Improvement of Psychological Science (SIPS) and its intersection with clinical psychology, as well as some meta-science initiatives deserving of further time and attention. We hope that this article will be useful to clinical psychology researchers and practitioners as (1) an introduction to some of the meta-science projects already underway that may be of use to you in your current work, and (2) an invitation for your contributions to...
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Authors: 3
Total Words: 3763
Unqiue Words: 1474

0.0 Mikeys
#8. Personally perceived publication pressure - Revising the Publication Pressure Questionnaire (PPQ) by using work stress models
Tamarinde Haven, Marije de Goede, Joeri K. Tijdink, Frans J. Oort
The emphasis on impact factors and the quantity of publications, intensifies competition between researchers. This competition was considered an incentive to produce high quality work, but there are unwanted side-effects of this competition like publication pressure. To measure the effect of publication pressure on researchers, the Publication Pressure Questionnaire (PPQ) was developed. Upon using the PPQ, some issues came to light that motivated a revision. We constructed two new subscales using the facet method. We administered the revised PPQ to a convenience sample together with the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the Work Design Questionnaire (WDQ). To assess which items best measured publication pressure, we carried out a Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Reliability was sufficient when Cronbach’s alpha > 0.7. Finally, we administered the PPQr in a larger, independent sample of researchers to check the reliability of the revision. Three components were identified as ‘stress’, ‘attitude’ and ‘resources’. We selected...
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Authors: 4
Total Words: 7000
Unqiue Words: 2420

0.0 Mikeys
#9. Cross-Temporal Meta-Analysis: A Conceptual and Empirical Critique
Cort Rudolph, David Costanza, Hannes Zacher
The proper estimation of age, period, and cohort (APC) effects is a pervasive concern for the study of a variety of psychological and social phenomena. One analytic technique that has been used to estimate APC effects is cross-temporal meta-analysis (CTMA). While CTMA has some appealing qualities (e.g., ease of interpretability), it has also been criticized on theoretical and methodological grounds. Furthermore, CTMA makes strong assumptions about the nature and operation of cohort effects relative to age and period effects that have not been empirically tested. Accordingly, the goal of this paper was to explore CTMA, its history, and these assumptions. Using a Monte Carlo study, we demonstrate that in many cases, cohort effects are misestimated (i.e., systematically over- or underestimated) by CTMA. This work provides further evidence that APC effects pose intractable problems for research questions where APC effects are of interest.
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SiliconEdge: RT @PsyArXivBot: Cross-Temporal Meta-Analysis: A Conceptual and Empirical Critique https://t.co/EUikHMDC1n
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Authors: 3
Total Words: 11649
Unqiue Words: 3337

0.0 Mikeys
#10. Publication bias and statistical power in gerontological psychology
Christopher Brydges
Objectives: Research has found evidence of publication bias, questionable research practices (QRPs), and low statistical power in published psychological journal articles. Isaacowitz’s (2018) editorial in the Journals of Gerontology Series B, Psychological Sciences called for investigation of these issues in gerontological research. The current study presents meta-research findings based on published research to explore if there is evidence of these practices in gerontological research. Method: 14,481 test statistics and p values were extracted from articles published in eight top gerontological psychology journals since 2000. Frequentist and Bayesian caliper tests were used to test for publication bias and QRPs (specifically, p-hacking and incorrect rounding of p values). A z-curve analysis was used to estimate average statistical power across studies. Results: Strong evidence of publication bias was observed, and average statistical power was approximately .70 – below the recommended .80 level. Evidence of p-hacking was...
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daforerog: @CRChartier @hmoshontz Our initial PSA paper already has 5 citations https://t.co/rmPFIob0wA https://t.co/PVO2fcvRsn https://t.co/lNZydq4eej https://t.co/9iRWxG6fhK https://t.co/0Ndeoh4iAQ
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 7193
Unqiue Words: 2188

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