Top 10 Psyarxiv Papers Today


2.038 Mikeys
#1. Associative white matter connecting the dorsal and ventral posterior human cortex
Daniel N. Bullock, Hiromasa Takemura, Cesar Caiafa, Lindsey Kitchell, Brent McPherson, Bradley Caron, Franco Pestilli
Historically, the primary focus of studies of human white matter tracts has been on large tracts that connect anterior to posterior cortical regions. These include the superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF), the inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF), and the inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus (IFOF). Recently, more refined and well understood tractography methods have facilitated the characterization of several tracts in the posterior of the human brain that connect dorsal to ventral cortical regions. These include the vertical occipital fasciculus (VOF), the posterior arcuate fasciculus (pArc), the temporo-parietal connection (TP-SPL), and the middle longitudinal fasciculus (MdLF). The addition of these dorso-ventral connective tracts to our standard picture of white matter architecture results in a more complicated pattern of white matter connectivity than previously considered. Dorso-ventral connective tracts may play a role in transferring information from superior horizontal tracts, such as the SLF, to inferior horizontal...
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furranko: Associative white matter connecting the dorsal and ventral posterior human cortex https://t.co/jpd9lbPZL3 Associated cloud services and data. https://t.co/wWZjCCRKta @BrainLifeio @OSFramework @aina_puce @bacaronIU @ScientificData See also https://t.co/3y3zVYmDoR https://t.co/va9CvjNG8H
PsyArXivBot: Associative white matter connecting the dorsal and ventral posterior human cortex https://t.co/19iGNDCLgj
bacaronIU: Check out a preprint from our lab for a new automated white matter tract segmentation method for dorso-ventral tracts! https://t.co/IfbOhYhLTL @furranko @BrainLifeio @ccaiafa @soichih
dan_marinazzo: RT @furranko: Associative white matter connecting the dorsal and ventral posterior human cortex https://t.co/jpd9lbPZL3 Associated cloud se…
action_brain: RT @furranko: Associative white matter connecting the dorsal and ventral posterior human cortex https://t.co/jpd9lbPZL3 Associated cloud se…
smellosopher: RT @furranko: Associative white matter connecting the dorsal and ventral posterior human cortex https://t.co/jpd9lbPZL3 Associated cloud se…
aina_puce: RT @furranko: Associative white matter connecting the dorsal and ventral posterior human cortex https://t.co/jpd9lbPZL3 Associated cloud se…
Peter_Mc_Colgan: RT @furranko: Associative white matter connecting the dorsal and ventral posterior human cortex https://t.co/jpd9lbPZL3 Associated cloud se…
kyn02666: RT @PsyArXivBot: Associative white matter connecting the dorsal and ventral posterior human cortex https://t.co/19iGNDCLgj
Lingzhong_Fan: RT @furranko: Associative white matter connecting the dorsal and ventral posterior human cortex https://t.co/jpd9lbPZL3 Associated cloud se…
kepkeeloh: RT @furranko: Associative white matter connecting the dorsal and ventral posterior human cortex https://t.co/jpd9lbPZL3 Associated cloud se…
WeiFDU: RT @furranko: Associative white matter connecting the dorsal and ventral posterior human cortex https://t.co/jpd9lbPZL3 Associated cloud se…
__A_WADA__: RT @furranko: Associative white matter connecting the dorsal and ventral posterior human cortex https://t.co/jpd9lbPZL3 Associated cloud se…
bacaronIU: RT @furranko: Associative white matter connecting the dorsal and ventral posterior human cortex https://t.co/jpd9lbPZL3 Associated cloud se…
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2.025 Mikeys
#2. Attitudes towards Open Science and Public Data Sharing: A Survey among Members of the German Psychological Society.
Andrea Abele-Brehm, Mario Gollwitzer, Ulf Steinberg, Felix Schönbrodt
Central values of science are, among others, transparency, verifiability, replicability and openness. The currently very prominent Open Science (OS) movement supports these values. Among its most important principles are open methodology (comprehensive and useful documentation of methods and materials used), open access to published research output, and open data (making collected data available for re-analyses). We here present a survey conducted among members of the German Psychological Society (N = 337), in which we applied a mixed-methods approach (quantitative and qualitative data) to assess attitudes towards OS in general and towards data sharing more specifically. Attitudes towards OS were distinguished into positive expectations (“hopes”) and negative expectations (“fears”). These were un-correlated. There were generally more hopes associated with OS and data sharing than fears. Both hopes and fears were highest among early career researchers and lowest among professors. The analysis of the open answers revealed that...
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nicebread303: @prof_bosnjak @Pensoft Funnily, even I as a coauthor had no access to our paper ¯\_(ツ)_/¯ Here's the #openaccess postprint: https://t.co/NDCOoktVju And here open data and material: https://t.co/U76h2l69TY
nicebread303: @prof_bosnjak Funnily, even I as a coauthor had no access to our paper ¯\_(ツ)_/¯ Here's the #openaccess postprint: https://t.co/NDCOoktVju And here open data and material: https://t.co/U76h2l69TY
momentumyy: 日本でもすべき Attitudes towards Open Science and Public Data Sharing: A Survey among Members of the German Psychological Society. https://t.co/pMpex90kBS
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2.02 Mikeys
#3. The Use of fNIRS for Unique Contributions to Social and Affective Neuroscience
Shannon Burns, Matthew D. Lieberman
Social and affective neuroscience studies the neurophysiological underpinnings of psychological experience and behavior as it relates to the world around us. Yet, most neuroimaging methods require the removal of participants from their rich environment and the restriction of meaningful interaction with stimuli. In this Tools of the Trade article, we explain functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) as a neuroimaging method that can address these concerns. First, we provide an overview of how fNIRS works and how it compares to other neuroimaging methods common in social and affective neuroscience. Next, we describe fNIRS research that highlights its usefulness to the field – when rich stimuli engagement or environment embedding is needed, studies of social interaction, and examples of how it can help the field become more diverse and generalizable across participant populations. Lastly, this article describes how to use fNIRS for neuroimaging research with points of advice that are particularly relevant to social and affective...
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PsyArXivBot: The Use of fNIRS for Unique Contributions to Social and Affective Neuroscience https://t.co/FbtavmldQW
daveschester: RT @PsyArXivBot: The Use of fNIRS for Unique Contributions to Social and Affective Neuroscience https://t.co/FbtavmldQW
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2.015 Mikeys
#4. Predictive person models elicit motor biases: the face-inhibition effect revisited
Kimberley C Schenke, Natalie Wyer, Steven Tipper, Patric Bach
We adapted an established paradigm (Bach & Tipper, 2007; Tipper & Bach, 2010) to test whether people derive motoric predictions about an actor’s forthcoming actions from both prior knowledge about them, and the context in which they are seen. In two experiments, participants identified famous tennis and soccer players with either hand or foot responses, while these athletes were seen either carrying out or not carrying out their typical actions, in contexts in which these actions are typically seen (soccer field, tennis court) or outside these contexts (beach, awards ceremony). Identifying not-acting athletes revealed the expected negative compatibility effects, such that viewing a tennis player led to faster responses with a foot than a hand, and vice versa for a soccer player. In line with the idea that these negative compatibility effects reflect the absence of a predicted action, these effects were eliminated (or turned into positive compatibility effects), when the athletes were seen carrying out their expected...
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PsyArXivBot: Predictive person models elicit motor biases: the face-inhibition effect revisited https://t.co/QFWpFQUM5b
PhilCorlett1: RT @PsyArXivBot: Predictive person models elicit motor biases: the face-inhibition effect revisited https://t.co/QFWpFQUM5b
kimberlyquinn: RT @PsyArXivBot: Predictive person models elicit motor biases: the face-inhibition effect revisited https://t.co/QFWpFQUM5b
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2.011 Mikeys
#5. Structure Learning and the Parietal Cortex
Christopher Summerfield, Fabrice Luyckx, Hannah Sheahan
We propose a theory of structure learning in the primate brain. We argue that the parietal cortex is critical for learning about relations among the objects and categories that populate a visual scene. We suggest that current deep learning models exhibit poor global scene understanding because they fail to perform the relational inferences that occur in the primate dorsal stream. We review studies of neural coding in primate posterior parietal cortex (PPC), drawing the conclusion that this brain area represents potentially high-dimensional inputs on a low-dimensional manifold that encodes relative the position of objects or features in physical space, and relations among entities an abstract conceptual space. We argue that this low-dimension code supports generalisation of relational information, even in nonspatial domains. Finally, we propose that structure learning is grounded in the actions that primates take when they reach for objects or fixate them with their eyes. We sketch a model of how this might occur in neural circuits.
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summerfieldlab: "A theory of structure learning in the parietal cortex". New preprint from @NeuroLuyckx @hannahsheahan https://t.co/w9khq25YGa
PsyArXivBot: Structure Learning and the Parietal Cortex https://t.co/Fvdm07HPQd
Neurofrogg: RT @PsyArXivBot: Structure Learning and the Parietal Cortex https://t.co/Fvdm07HPQd
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2.007 Mikeys
#6. The morality of war: A review and research agenda
Hanne M Watkins
What is judged as morally right and wrong in war? In the present paper I argue that despite many decades of research on moral psychology, and on the psychology of intergroup conflict, social psychology does not yet have a good answer to this question. However, it is a question of great importance, as its answer has implications for decision making in war, public policy, and international law. I therefore suggest a new way for psychology to study the morality of war, which combines the strengths of philosophical just war theory with experimental techniques and theories developed for the psychological study of morality more generally. This novel approach has already begun to elucidate the moral judgments we make in war, and I demonstrate that these early findings have important implications for moral psychology, just war theory, and our understanding of the morality of war.
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patilindrajeets: The morality of war: A review and research agenda ft. @hm_watkins https://t.co/2Tt50fOD9w This work has- "important implications for moral psychology, just war theory, and our understanding of the morality of war" https://t.co/Plabj9zdMm
m_emilian: RT @patilindrajeets: The morality of war: A review and research agenda ft. @hm_watkins https://t.co/2Tt50fOD9w This work has- "important…
GregRPeterson: RT @patilindrajeets: The morality of war: A review and research agenda ft. @hm_watkins https://t.co/2Tt50fOD9w This work has- "important…
Smita__Singh: RT @patilindrajeets: The morality of war: A review and research agenda ft. @hm_watkins https://t.co/2Tt50fOD9w This work has- "important…
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2.007 Mikeys
#7. Gossip and reputation in childhood
Gordon Ingram
Analysis of the development of gossip and reputation during childhood can help with understanding these processes in adulthood, as well as with understanding children’s own social worlds. Five stages of gossip-related behavior and reputation-related cognition are considered. Infants seem to be prepared for a reputational world in that they are sensitive to social stimuli; approach or avoid social agents who act positively or negatively to others, respectively; and point interaction partners toward relevant information. Young children engage in verbal signaling (normative protests and tattling) about individuals who violate social norms. In middle childhood, the development of higher-order theory of mind leads to a fully explicit awareness of reputation as something that can be linguistically transmitted. Because of this, preadolescents start to engage in increased conflict regarding others’ verbal evaluations. Finally, during adolescence and adulthood, gossip becomes more covert, more ambiguous, and less openly negative. The...
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gordoning: Here's a preprint of "Gossip and reputation in childhood", my recent chapter in the Oxford Handbook of Gossip and Reputation, edited by Francesca Giardini & Rafael Wittek. https://t.co/7LXlVko7Zx #gossip #reputation #devpsych
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2.006 Mikeys
#8. I don´t fit, so I blame you? - Influence of Regulatory Focus and Fit on Emotion Generation and Regulation in Single- and Group-Context
Christopher Martin Jones
Person-environment-interactions play a main role in the process of emotional experience. While Regulatory Focus Theory has been adopted to illustrate how some goal-oriented parts of this process might shape by proposing a regulatory fit between individual and environmental characteristics, whether this fit not only implies feeling “right” but feeling “good” or at least cope better, has not been tested empirically. In this study, we extend earlier research on the influence of regulatory fit to the generation and regulation of emotions. We additionally emphasize the role of the context, by integrating current work on group-based emotion regulation in comparing single- and group-environments. We used a within-subjects design, with 2 (situational focus) x 2 (single/group environment) levels. Thirty-two male football players participated in one football-specific task per level. Emotional experience and cognitive regulation strategies were measured after each. Multilevel regression showed, that a regulatory fit predicted more...
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psych_jones: Just uploaded a new #preprint to #PsyArXiv ( https://t.co/4NTfWMcUed )! We look at the role regulatory focus / fit might play in emotion generation and regulation - asking, does feeling „right“ imply feeling „good“? We additionally expand this view to group-based emotions… 1/4
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2.005 Mikeys
#9. Minimal coherence among varied theory of mind measures in childhood and adulthood
Katherine Rice Warnell, Elizabeth Redcay
Theory of mind—or the understanding that others have mental states that can differ from one’s own and reality—is currently measured across the lifespan by a wide array of tasks. These tasks vary across dimensions including modality, complexity, affective content, and whether responses are explicit or implicit. As a result, theoretical and meta-analytic work has begun to question whether such varied approaches to theory of mind should be categorized as capturing a single construct. To directly address the coherence of theory of mind, and to determine whether that coherence changes across development, we administered a diverse set of theory of mind measures to three different samples: preschoolers, school-aged children, and adults. All tasks showed wide variability in performance, indicating that children and adults often have inconsistent and partial mastery of theory of mind concepts. Further, for all ages studied, the selected theory of mind tasks showed minimal correlations with each other. That is, having high levels of theory...
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eredcay: A main goal of this paper was to stimulate more discussion on what is theory of mind and what are our measures assessing - happy to see lots of discussion already. Preprint here: https://t.co/cPKlCbaYah. Importantly, due credit to @katewarnell for making this paper happen!
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2.002 Mikeys
#10. Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial
Michael Franke, Timo B. Roettger
Generalized linear mixed models are handy tools for statistical inference, and Bayesian approaches to applying these become increasingly popular. This tutorial provides an accessible, non-technical introduction to the use and feel of Bayesian mixed effects regression models. The focus is on data from a factorial-design experiment.
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CCiL_UAB: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/7QEEQ3mJda via @OSFramework
meanwhileina: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial @TimoRoettger and I built on @BodoWinter's tutorials to showcase the look-and-feel of a Bayesian regression analysis, using @paulbuerkner's #brms package. Curious? -> Explore! https://t.co/kZ14CKXXQD https://t.co/45rRnZBLiH
leafs_s: RT @PsyArXivBot: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/11bs8DstPR
dimitrisbolis: RT @PsyArXivBot: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/11bs8DstPR
mflarad: RT @CCiL_UAB: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/7QEEQ3mJda via @OSFramework
healthandstats: RT @PsyArXivBot: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/11bs8DstPR
SaurabhYRanjan: RT @PsyArXivBot: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/11bs8DstPR
markus_haun: RT @PsyArXivBot: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/11bs8DstPR
Hiro_IMADA: RT @PsyArXivBot: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/11bs8DstPR
BillyJansson: RT @PsyArXivBot: Bayesian regression modeling (for factorial designs): A tutorial https://t.co/11bs8DstPR
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