Top 10 Psyarxiv Papers Today


2.2 Mikeys
#1. Quantifying the benefits of using decision models with response time and accuracy data
Tom Stafford, Angelo Pirrone, Mike Croucher, Anna Krystalli
Across diverse subfields experimentalists collect response time and accuracy data. Inter-subject and inter-group speed-accuracy trade-offs (SATOs) are a well-known possibility which are often inadequately addressed. Many experiments focus on a single variable (e.g. psychophysics paradigms analysing accuracy alone), or involve a suboptimal analytic correction (e.g. dividing accuracy by response time). Models of decision making, such as the drift diffusion model (DDM), provide a principled account of the decision making process, allowing the recovery of SATO-unconfounded decision parameters from observed behavioural variables. For plausible parameters of a typical between-groups experiment we simulate experimental data, for both real and null group differences, and for both systematic and null SATOs, and fit the DDM. This allows the direct comparison of the specificity and sensitivity of different measures (accuracy, reaction time and the drift rate from the model fitting) for testing for group differences. We show, in terms of...
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tomstafford: New pre-print "Quantifying the benefits of using decision models with response time and accuracy data" https://t.co/nnhPcRDGUn from me, @UiBangelo, @walkingrandomly and @annakrystalli Also, check out the interactive data explorer here https://t.co/ear7kRbFiT
SiliconEdge: RT @PsyArXivBot: Quantifying the benefits of using decision models with response time and accuracy data https://t.co/VtTWIfB7mV
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2.099 Mikeys
#2. Ego depletion may disappear by 2020
Miguel A. Vadillo
Ego depletion has been successfully replicated in hundreds of studies. Yet the most recent large-scale Registered Replication Reports (RRR), comprising thousands of participants, have yielded disappointingly small effects, sometimes even failing to reach statistical significance. Although these results may seem surprising, in the present article I suggest that they are perfectly consistent with a long-term decline in the size of the depletion effects that can be traced back to at least 10 years ago, well before any of the RRR on ego depletion were conceived. The decline seems to be at least partly due to a parallel trend toward publishing better and less biased research.
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DegenRolf: The incredible shrinking ego depletion effect - the notion of the exhaustible willpower muscle - may well lapse into nonexistence in 2020, https://t.co/K1HM7P77TV https://t.co/XLqxWp0SiC
momentumyy: 気になる Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/EMP5j5umhL @OSFrameworkより
PsyArXivBot: Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/y0AjgwISMf
HelenaMatute: RT @PsyArXivBot: Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/y0AjgwISMf
hpashler: RT @PsyArXivBot: Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/y0AjgwISMf
JCesarPL: RT @PsyArXivBot: Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/y0AjgwISMf
ferrero_mar: RT @PsyArXivBot: Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/y0AjgwISMf
kaihiraishi: RT @PsyArXivBot: Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/y0AjgwISMf
mavadillo: RT @PsyArXivBot: Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/y0AjgwISMf
giladfeldman: RT @PsyArXivBot: Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/y0AjgwISMf
ianhussey: RT @PsyArXivBot: Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/y0AjgwISMf
DavLuque: RT @PsyArXivBot: Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/y0AjgwISMf
brunoverschuere: RT @PsyArXivBot: Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/y0AjgwISMf
SanabriaLucenaD: RT @PsyArXivBot: Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/y0AjgwISMf
SiliconEdge: RT @PsyArXivBot: Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/y0AjgwISMf
psycholojamie: RT @PsyArXivBot: Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/y0AjgwISMf
MK_cogn: RT @PsyArXivBot: Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/y0AjgwISMf
RKuwamizu: RT @PsyArXivBot: Ego depletion may disappear by 2020 https://t.co/y0AjgwISMf
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Total Words: 7132
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2.091 Mikeys
#3. Japanese Meaning of Awe
Masataka Nakayama
Awe is theorized as an emotion appraised by perceived vastness and need for accommodation. This theoretical framework was developed with a review of spatially and temporally distributed literature, and is assumed to be culturally universal. However, awe as described by Japanese literature, was not explicitly included in the original theorization. We tested whether this framework generalized to the Japanese context by analyzing how Japanese awe-related words (e.g., “畏敬/ikei”) are used in Japanese text. A topic model was used to extract topics in contexts as an index of meaning. Results show that (1) the meaning of awe was statistically dissociable from similar but distinct meanings of fear and respect, and (2) the dissociating topics included transcendent entities such as god, spirits/ghosts, and powerful beings. Japanese meaning of awe includes vastness (i.e., transcendence) that goes beyond typical respect (i.e., power distance) requiring an accommodation of one’s mental framework.
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p_grin_rin: manuscript under reviewを公開しました。 Japanese Meaning of Awe https://t.co/PVdeBPNbx7 @OSFrameworkさんから
SiliconEdge: RT @PsyArXivBot: Japanese Meaning of Awe https://t.co/hfxvH2cOwk
p_grin_rin: RT @PsyArXivBot: Japanese Meaning of Awe https://t.co/hfxvH2cOwk
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Total Words: 5742
Unqiue Words: 2012

2.035 Mikeys
#4. Within-Person Variability
Emorie D Beck, Joshua J. Jackson
From its emergence at the beginning of the 20th century, personality scientists pursued two goals – a nomothetic approach that investigated the structure of individual differences between people in a population and an idiographic approach that explored variation within a person relative to him or herself. In this chapter, we first track the how the history of these two perspectives impacted the study of within-person variability. Next, we review findings and unanswered contemporary questions regarding within-person variability. Finally, we conclude by providing questions for future research, some of which were proposed by early personality theorists but progressed slowly due to a lack of adequate methods. We outline cutting-edge statistical models and idiographic techniques to move the study of within-person variability – and personality science – forward.
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DLydonStaley: RT @PsyArXivBot: Within-Person Variability https://t.co/nDjWnxA7uD
SiliconEdge: RT @PsyArXivBot: Within-Person Variability https://t.co/nDjWnxA7uD
SaurabhYRanjan: RT @PsyArXivBot: Within-Person Variability https://t.co/nDjWnxA7uD
nagyt: RT @PsyArXivBot: Within-Person Variability https://t.co/nDjWnxA7uD
Madeleine_Je: RT @PsyArXivBot: Within-Person Variability https://t.co/nDjWnxA7uD
BillyJansson: RT @PsyArXivBot: Within-Person Variability https://t.co/nDjWnxA7uD
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Unqiue Words: 3510

2.024 Mikeys
#5. The AMPeror’s New Clothes: Performance on the Affect Misattribution Procedure is Mainly Driven by Awareness of Influence of the Primes
Jamie Cummins, Ian Hussey, Sean Hughes
The Affect Misattribution Procedure has attracted considerable attention and use in psychological science as a measure of evaluations, attitudes, and biases. The AMP’s appeal to researchers is based in large part on the promise that it taps into unintentional and unaware (i.e., implicit) psychological processes. However, past claims about the implicitness of AMP effects may be inaccurate due to a range of methodological, statistical, and conceptual issues. We re-examine a key premise underpinning the AMP’s use (i.e., that AMP effects are driven by the unaware influence of primes on responses). Across five pre-registered experiments (N = 1021) plus meta-analyses, we demonstrate that AMP effects and their predictive validity are primarily driven by a subset of influence-aware trials (within individuals), and high rates of influence-awareness (between individuals). Counterintuitively, an individual’s influence-awareness rate in one AMP predicts their performance in a previously-completed AMP, even when the AMPs assess entirely...
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CalvinKLai: Is performance on the Affect Misattribution Procedure mostly driven by conscious awareness of primes? Bar-Anan & Nosek 2012: Yes Payne et al 2013: No Gawronski & Ye 2014: No Mann et al 2019: No https://t.co/zrD4HQHwe6 Cummins et al. 2019: Yes https://t.co/yKYxuxkx7w https://t.co/eTRkbBGqws
ianhussey: THREAD new preprint by @psycholojamie @seanhughes102 and I showing that effects on the Affect Misattribution Procedure are driven by awareness of influence of the prime stimuli, contrary to a key premise of the AMP. https://t.co/KzIHrJJRoj 1/ https://t.co/TTQLoUfLhB
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2.02 Mikeys
#6. The effect of siblings on language development as a function of age difference and sex
Naomi Havron, Franck Ramus, Barbara Heude, Anne Forhan, Alejandrina Cristia, Peyre Hugo
The number of older siblings a child has is negatively correlated with their verbal skills, perhaps due to competition for parents’ attention. The current study examined the role of siblings’ sex and age gap as moderating factors, reasoning that they affect older siblings’ tendency to compensate for reduced parental attention. We hypothesized that children with an older sister, especially with a large age gap, have better language abilities than those with older brothers. We reanalyzed data from the EDEN cohort (N = 1,154) and found that children with an older sister had better language skills than those with an older brother. Contrary to predictions, the age gap between siblings was not associated with language skills, and did not interact with sex. Results suggest the negative effect of older siblings on language development may be entirely due to older brothers, and invite further research on the mechanisms involved in this effect.
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moriguchiy: 上のきょうだいがいると言葉の発達が遅れることが知られていますが、これは主にお兄ちゃんのせいらしく、お姉ちゃんがいると、言葉の発達が促進されるそうです。https://t.co/yBdRACVxO0 https://t.co/JOQw5fp5KG
riet911: RT @moriguchiy: 上のきょうだいがいると言葉の発達が遅れることが知られていますが、これは主にお兄ちゃんのせいらしく、お姉ちゃんがいると、言葉の発達が促進されるそうです。https://t.co/yBdRACVxO0 https://t.co/JOQw5fp5KG
ahorotoru_: RT @moriguchiy: 上のきょうだいがいると言葉の発達が遅れることが知られていますが、これは主にお兄ちゃんのせいらしく、お姉ちゃんがいると、言葉の発達が促進されるそうです。https://t.co/yBdRACVxO0 https://t.co/JOQw5fp5KG
h_tekutekuryk: RT @moriguchiy: 上のきょうだいがいると言葉の発達が遅れることが知られていますが、これは主にお兄ちゃんのせいらしく、お姉ちゃんがいると、言葉の発達が促進されるそうです。https://t.co/yBdRACVxO0 https://t.co/JOQw5fp5KG
iorin_ior: RT @moriguchiy: 上のきょうだいがいると言葉の発達が遅れることが知られていますが、これは主にお兄ちゃんのせいらしく、お姉ちゃんがいると、言葉の発達が促進されるそうです。https://t.co/yBdRACVxO0 https://t.co/JOQw5fp5KG
H_SHIOZU: RT @moriguchiy: 上のきょうだいがいると言葉の発達が遅れることが知られていますが、これは主にお兄ちゃんのせいらしく、お姉ちゃんがいると、言葉の発達が促進されるそうです。https://t.co/yBdRACVxO0 https://t.co/JOQw5fp5KG
floweringdancer: RT @moriguchiy: 上のきょうだいがいると言葉の発達が遅れることが知られていますが、これは主にお兄ちゃんのせいらしく、お姉ちゃんがいると、言葉の発達が促進されるそうです。https://t.co/yBdRACVxO0 https://t.co/JOQw5fp5KG
morimon1970: RT @moriguchiy: 上のきょうだいがいると言葉の発達が遅れることが知られていますが、これは主にお兄ちゃんのせいらしく、お姉ちゃんがいると、言葉の発達が促進されるそうです。https://t.co/yBdRACVxO0 https://t.co/JOQw5fp5KG
SHINKAWATAKANO1: RT @moriguchiy: 上のきょうだいがいると言葉の発達が遅れることが知られていますが、これは主にお兄ちゃんのせいらしく、お姉ちゃんがいると、言葉の発達が促進されるそうです。https://t.co/yBdRACVxO0 https://t.co/JOQw5fp5KG
SaoLuisCastro: RT @NaomiHavron: Here is the preprint: https://t.co/8nHizl29Ap And - un grand merci to my coauthors @CristiaAlex, @FranckRamus, Barbara He…
TTStaido10: RT @moriguchiy: 上のきょうだいがいると言葉の発達が遅れることが知られていますが、これは主にお兄ちゃんのせいらしく、お姉ちゃんがいると、言葉の発達が促進されるそうです。https://t.co/yBdRACVxO0 https://t.co/JOQw5fp5KG
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Total Words: 6516
Unqiue Words: 2149

2.006 Mikeys
#7. Recognition of identity and expressions as integrated processes
Kathryn C O'Nell, Rebecca Saxe, Stefano Anzellotti
According to the dominant account of face processing, recognition of emotional expressions is implemented by the superior temporal sulcus (STS), while recognition of face identity is implemented by inferior temporal cortex (IT) (Haxby et al., 2000). However, recent patient and imaging studies (Fox et al., 2011, Anzellotti et al. 2017) found that the STS also encodes information about identity. Jointly representing expression and identity might be computationally advantageous: learning to recognize expressions could lead to the emergence of representations that support identity recognition. To test this hypothesis, we trained a deep densely connected convolutional network (DenseNet, Huang et al., 2017) to classify face images from the fer2013 dataset as either angry, disgusted, afraid, happy, sad, surprised, or neutral. We then froze the weights of the DenseNet and trained linear layers attached to progressively deeper layers of this net to classify either emotion or identity using a subset of the Karolinska (KDEF) dataset....
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EldarSilver: RT @PsyArXivBot: Recognition of identity and expressions as integrated processes https://t.co/vu3J0jq4wI
CERE_Emotion: RT @PsyArXivBot: Recognition of identity and expressions as integrated processes https://t.co/vu3J0jq4wI
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2.005 Mikeys
#8. Influence of peripheral vision on object categorization in central vision
Alexia Roux-Sibilon, Audrey Trouilloud, Louise Kauffmann, Nathalie Guyader, Martial Mermillod, Carole Peyrin
Predictive models of visual perception state that predictions based on the rapid processing of low spatial frequencies (LSF) may guide the subsequent processing of high spatial frequencies (HSF). While the HSF signal necessarily comes from central vision, most of the LSF signal come from peripheral vision. The present study aimed at understanding how LSF in peripheral vision may be used to generate predictive signals that guide the processing of local elements in central vision. In two experiments, participants performed an object categorization task in central vision while a semantically congruent or incongruent scene background was displayed in peripheral vision. In Experiment 1, results showed a congruence effect when a scene background was displayed before the object onset, this effect increasing linearly with scene duration. In Experiment 2, results showed a congruence effect only when the scene background was intact, thus carrying a semantic meaning, but not when it was phase-scrambled, thus carrying only low-level...
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a_rouxsibilon: We finally have something about this! Our new preprint is on @PsyArXiv: Influence of peripheral vision on object categorization in central vision https://t.co/vCgYEQHsJZ and the OSF of the project >> https://t.co/BSomfhwY7T https://t.co/htqa5JmK6S
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2.004 Mikeys
#9. Adults with and without autism anticipate and integrate meaning based on the speaker’s voice: Evidence from eye-tracking and event-related potentials
Mahsa Barzy, Heather Ferguson, David Williams, Jo Black
Typically developing individuals rapidly integrate information about a speaker and their intended meaning while processing sentences online. We examined whether the same processes are activated in adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and tested their timecourse in two pre-registered experiments. Experiment 1 employed the visual world paradigm. Participants listened to sentences where the speaker’s voice and message were either consistent or inconsistent (e.g. “When we go shopping, I usually look for my favourite wine”, spoken by an adult or a child), and concurrently viewed visual scenes including consistent and inconsistent objects (e.g. wine and sweets). All participants were slower to select the mentioned object in the inconsistent condition. Importantly, eye movements showed a visual bias towards the voice-consistent object, well before hearing the disambiguating word, showing that adults with ASD rapidly use the speaker’s voice to anticipate the intended meaning. However, this target bias emerged earlier in the TD...
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BarzyMahsa: Just submitted the very first preprint of my PhD on pragmatics abilities in autism! Thanks to @hethstar81 for encouraging me to do this! Comments are most welcome! https://t.co/XfB53REwQX https://t.co/0SNRTrqEBv
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Total Words: 13591
Unqiue Words: 3585

2.003 Mikeys
#10. Biracial Stereotypes Explored
Sylvia Perry, Allison Skinner, Sarah Gaither
Stereotypes often guide our perceptions of members of social groups. However, research has yet to document what stereotypes may exist for the fastest growing youth demographic in the U.S.—biracial individuals. Across seven studies (N = 1,104) we investigate what stereotypes are attributed to various biracial groups, whether biracial individuals are stereotyped as more similar to their lower status monoracial parent group (trait hypodescent), and whether contact moderates these stereotypes. Results provide evidence of some universal biracial stereotypes that are applied to all biracial groups: attractive and not fitting in or belonging. We also find that all biracial groups are attributed a number of unique stereotypes (i.e., which are not associated with their monoracial parent groups). However, across all studies, we find little evidence of trait hypodescent and no evidence that the tendency to engage in trait hypodescent varies as a function of contact.
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PsyArXivBot: Biracial Stereotypes Explored https://t.co/oxhXkYVZFR
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