Top 10 Psyarxiv Papers Today


2.228 Mikeys
#1. The Delaware pain database: A set of painful expressions and corresponding norming data
Peter Mende-Siedlecki, Jennie Qu-Lee, Azaadeh Goharzad, Alexis Drain, Jingrun Lin
Facial expressions of pain serve an essential social function in communicating suffering, potential danger, and soliciting aid. Accurate visual perception of pain is critical, since the misperception of pain signals can result in significant consequences in social, criminal justice, and medical contexts. In order to further understand such phenomena, it is essential that psychologists, neuroscientists, and clinicians have access to quality stimuli that are representative and varied across domains such as race, gender, and expression of pain. The present paper describes the development of a large-scale face stimulus database with a focus on expressions of pain (comprising 229 publically availble unique painful expressions from 242 individual targets). To our knowledge, there are no existing databases of this size, quality, or diversity of race, gender and expression intensity and type. We provide evidence for the reliability of evaluations of pain in these faces as well as an initial characterization of other dimensions relevant to...
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PsyArXivBot: The Delaware pain database: A set of painful expressions and corresponding norming data https://t.co/oVTlA1ubyC
jinxgoh: RT @PsyArXivBot: The Delaware pain database: A set of painful expressions and corresponding norming data https://t.co/oVTlA1ubyC
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Authors: 5
Total Words: 15669
Unqiue Words: 4337

2.02 Mikeys
#2. Missing the Joke: Impaired Processing of Garden-path Jokes during Mind-wandering
Han Zhang, Chuyan Qu, Kevin Miller, Kai Cortina
Reading comprehension often suffers during mind-wandering (MW), a mental state where attention prioritizes irrelevant thoughts over the external task. How does MW impair higher-level cognitive processes of reading? Here, we examined whether MW impairs the resolution of semantic difficulties using so-called "garden-path jokes". In a garden-path joke, the reader's initial interpretation is violated by the final punchline, creating a semantic incongruity that needs to be resolved. The incongruity-resolution process is accomplished by going back and re-reading text prior to the punchline. In a main study and a pre-registered replication, participants read jokes and non-funny controls embedded in filler texts with eye movements recorded. Participants were probed after each joke and non-funny control to report whether they were on-task, intentionally MW, or unintentionally MW. Across the two studies, eye-tracking results showed that jokes read without MW elicited more re-reading from the punchline compared to the non-funny controls....
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Kane_WMC_Lab: RT @PsyArXivBot: Missing the Joke: Impaired Processing of Garden-path Jokes during Mind-wandering https://t.co/89pPeOzYyV
ErinWestgate: RT @PsyArXivBot: Missing the Joke: Impaired Processing of Garden-path Jokes during Mind-wandering https://t.co/89pPeOzYyV
SiliconEdge: RT @PsyArXivBot: Missing the Joke: Impaired Processing of Garden-path Jokes during Mind-wandering https://t.co/89pPeOzYyV
BillyJansson: RT @PsyArXivBot: Missing the Joke: Impaired Processing of Garden-path Jokes during Mind-wandering https://t.co/89pPeOzYyV
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Authors: 4
Total Words: 9774
Unqiue Words: 3169

2.008 Mikeys
#3. Dissociable influences of implicit temporal expectation on attentional performance and mind wandering
Stijn Massar, Jia-Hou Poh, Julian Lim, Michael W.L. Chee
Mind wandering at critical moments during a cognitive task degrades performance. At other moments, mind wandering could serve to conserve task-relevant resources, allowing a brief mental respite. Recent research has shown that, if target timing is predictable, mind wandering episodes coincide with moments of low target likelihood. Conversely, mind wandering can be avoided at moments when targets are expected. In the current study, we tested whether mind wandering can be guided by implicit temporal expectations when target timing is less predictable. In two experiments (Experiment 1: N = 37, Experiment 2: N = 61), participants performed a sustained attention task in which target events were preceded by a variable pre-target interval (foreperiod). As time passes over the foreperiod duration, implicit target expectation increases, given that it has not yet appeared. In Experiment 1, all foreperiod durations were equally probable (uniform distribution: 2-10 seconds). This resulted in faster responses when targets were preceded by long...
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JiaHou_Poh: Temporal expectations can develop rapidly even when target-occurrence is unpredictable. This results in slower RT during periods of low expectation. Is this related to mind wandering? We address this in our new preprint led by @StijnMassar @CCN_DukeNUS! https://t.co/tS6MwM9pVR https://t.co/37ZRZpcMO0
StijnMassar: My first steps to open science. #PsyArXiv #preprint Dissociable influences of implicit temporal expectation on attentional performance and mind wandering https://t.co/hn6VDkzybJ With @JiaHou_Poh @julianlimzq @MRSleepDep
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Total Words: 8452
Unqiue Words: 2456

2.006 Mikeys
#4. Probing Communication-Induced Memory Biases in Preverbal Infants: Two Replication Attempts of Yoon, Johnson and Csibra (2008)
Priya Silverstein, Teodora Gliga, Gert Westermann, Eugenio Parise
In a seminal study, Yoon, Johnson and Csibra [PNAS, 105, 36 (2008)] showed that nine-month-old infants retained qualitatively different information about novel objects in communicative and non-communicative contexts. In a communicative context, the infants encoded the identity of novel objects at the expense of encoding their location, which was preferentially retained in non-communicative contexts. This result has not yet been replicated. Here we attempted two replications, while also including a measure of eye-tracking to obtain more detail of infants’ attention allocation during stimulus presentation. Experiment 1 was designed following the methods described in the original paper. After discussion with one of the original authors, some key changes were made to the methodology in Experiment 2. Neither experiment replicated the results of the original study, with Bayes Factor Analysis suggesting moderate support for the null hypothesis. Both experiments found differential attention allocation in communicative and...
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priyasilverst: My FIRST EVER paper has been accepted at Infant Behavior and Development for @mcxfrank's special issue on 'Replication, Collaboration, and Best Practices in Infancy Research'! Preprint here: https://t.co/exkQlJohNM 1/ https://t.co/6Qae7aV0Kv
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2.005 Mikeys
#5. Knowing whom to learn from: individual differences in metacognition and weighting of social information
Karsten Olsen, Andreas Roepstorff, Dan Bang
Social learning enables us to acquire skills and knowledge more efficiently, provided that we learn from the right others. However, little is known about the cognitive factors that determine whom we decide to learn from and how much we benefit from such learning. Here we address this question using a perceptual task where participants had the opportunity to revise their responses (choice about a noisy stimulus and confidence in this choice being correct) in light of the responses made by two advisors of different reliability. We found consistent individual differences in the weights assigned to the social sources, and in the benefit obtained from the social sources – factors which we collectively refer to as Social Weighting Sensitivity (SWS). We also found that an individual’s metacognition predicted SWS, with participants who were overconfident about their performance listening less to and benefiting less from social information. Finally, at the trial level, we found that participants adjusted the reliance on social information...
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Data and code supporting: Olsen, Roepstorff & Bang, Knowing whom to learn from: individual differences in metacognition and weighting of social information (Submitted).

Repository: article-who-knows
User: danbang
Language: MATLAB
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2.003 Mikeys
#6. Performance feedback promotes learned proactive but not reactive adaptation of conflict-control
Christina Bejjani, Sophie Tan, Tobias Egner
Cognitive control refers to the use of internal goals to guide how we process stimuli, and control can be applied proactively (in anticipation of a stimulus) or reactively (once that stimulus has been presented). The application of control can be guided by memory; for instance, people typically learn to adjust their level of attentional selectivity to changing task statistics, such as different frequencies of hard and easy trials in the Stroop task. This type of “control-learning” is highly adaptive, but its boundary conditions are currently not well understood. In the present study, we assessed how the presence of performance feedback shapes control-learning in the context of item-specific (reactive control, Experiment 1) and list-wide (proactive control, Experiment 2) proportion of congruency manipulations in a Stroop protocol. We found that performance feedback did not alter the modulation of the Stroop effect by item-specific cueing, but did enhance the modulation of the Stroop effect by a list-wide context. Performance...
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SiliconEdge: RT @PsyArXivBot: Performance feedback promotes learned proactive but not reactive adaptation of conflict-control https://t.co/j8w73yk5Xu
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In preparation for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance

Repository: sclearn_fb
User: christinabejjani
Language: Jupyter Notebook
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Total Words: 10625
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2.003 Mikeys
#7. Inflexible social inference in individuals with subclinical persecutory delusional tendencies
Katharina V. Wellstein, Andreea Oliviana Diaconescu, Martin Bischof, Annia Rüesch, Gina Paolini, Eduardo A. Aponte, Johannes Ullrich, Klaas Enno Stephan
It has long been suspected that abnormalities in social inference (e.g., learning others’ intentions) play a key role in the formation of persecutory delusions (PD). In this study, we examined the association between subclinical PD and social inference, testing the prediction that proneness to PD is related to altered social inference and beliefs about others’ intentions. We included 151 participants who scored on opposite ends of Freeman’s Paranoia Checklist (PCL). The participants performed a probabilistic advice-taking task with a dynamically changing social context (volatility) under one of two experimental frames. These frames differentially emphasized possible reasons behind unhelpful advice: they either highlighted (i) the adviser’s possible intentions (dispositional frame) or (ii) the rules of the game (situational frame). Our design was thus 2x2 factorial (high vs. low delusional tendencies, dispositional vs. situational frame). We found significant group-by-frame interactions, indicating that in the situational frame...
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tnuzurich: New preprint out! "Inflexible social inference in individuals with subclinical persecutory delusional tendencies" a behavior study using experimental frames and a probabilistic advice-taking task to probe social inference: https://t.co/cFnaiKqfRK #delusions #psychosis #TNU https://t.co/2pn8o5yiGd
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Authors: 8
Total Words: 10497
Unqiue Words: 3093

2.002 Mikeys
#8. Foundations of Idiographic Methods in Psychology and Applications for Psychotherapy
Marilyn Piccirillo, Thomas Rodebaugh
Researchers have long called for greater recognition and use of longitudinal, individual-level research in the study of psychopathology and psychotherapy. Much of our current research attempts to indirectly investigate individual-level, or idiographic, psychological processes via group-based, or nomothetic, designs. However, results from nomothetic research do not necessarily translate to the individual-level. In this review, we discuss how idiographic analyses can be integrated into psychotherapy and psychotherapy research. We examine and review key statistical methods for conducting idiographic analyses. These methods include factor-based and vector autoregressive approaches using longitudinal data. The theoretical framework behind each approach is reviewed and critically evaluated. Empirical examples of each approach are discussed, with the aim of helping interested readers consider how they may use idiographic methods to analyze longitudinal data and psychological processes. Finally, we conclude by citing key limitations of...
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MarilynPicciri1: Wanted to share some #idiographic things I've been working on with @EmorieBeck and @drrodebaugh: A review of where the field has been (https://t.co/FeceYzUC4K) and how we can integrate #personalized methodology into #clinical work (https://t.co/QGFfVWSI4T) https://t.co/Nes2xhgsb0
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2.002 Mikeys
#9. Goal setting in distributive and integrative negotiations: a meta-analysis
Carl Richard Hossiep, Klaus Harnack, Paul-Christian Bürkner
Goal setting has been shown to be a strong predictor of attaining a negotiation outcome. However, neither the type of negotiation nor the outcome level, dyadic versus individual outcomes, has been systematically analyzed. Using multilevel meta-analysis, we investigate the effects of a) goal difficulty, b) goal specificity and c) scenario integrativeness on negotiation outcomes. We find that for individual outcomes, regardless of the negotiation setting, there is support for the effect of goal difficulty, but we do not find an effect of goal specificity in any setting. For integrative negotiations, we find an effect for the integrativeness of the scenario on joint outcomes: If the negotiation is rather integrative, more of the integrative potential is realized. Additional moderators such as goal symmetry are examined, and recommendations for more research on integrativeness and its impact in negotiations are made.
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EvidenceRobot: RT @PsyArXivBot: Goal setting in distributive and integrative negotiations: a meta-analysis https://t.co/U6DGpyH6JB
SiliconEdge: RT @PsyArXivBot: Goal setting in distributive and integrative negotiations: a meta-analysis https://t.co/U6DGpyH6JB
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Total Words: 10873
Unqiue Words: 3122

2.001 Mikeys
#10. The Application of Differential Normative Criteria to the Gifted Education Screening Phase: Implications for Demographic Representation
Scott J. Peters, Ph.D., Matthew McBee
Scholars and practitioners within gifted and talented education have devoted substantial effort to understanding and mitigating the disproportional representation of students from certain racial / ethnic, income, language, and disability groups. In mitigating this underrepresentation, most research has focused on the actual identification or evaluation criteria, with comparatively little research considering how the screening phase might be manipulated in order to facilitate the proportional identification of underrepresented groups. This paper uses numerical methods to evaluate if, and under what conditions, modified screening criteria can be used as a way to increase the representation of traditionally underrepresented groups in gifted education programs. The results show that this intervention has only a modest effect on reducing disproportionality. It can only have an impact when the identification process is poorly-designed at baseline.
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TunnelOfFire: Is modifying the screening phase criteria alone a solution to demographic underrepresentation in gifted programs? Not so much. New research with @realScottPeters to be presented at #AERA19 https://t.co/iQp6pjMHI2 https://t.co/G5V67WIgni
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R package for gifted identification psychometrics

Repository: giftedCalcs
User: mcbeem
Language: R
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