I don´t fit, so I blame you? - Influence of Regulatory Focus and Fit on Emotion Generation and Regulation in Single- and Group-Context
Person-environment-interactions play a main role in the process of emotional experience. While Regulatory Focus Theory has been adopted to illustrate how some goal-oriented parts of this process might shape by proposing a regulatory fit between individual and environmental characteristics, whether this fit not only implies feeling “right” but feeling “good” or at least cope better, has not been tested empirically. In this study, we extend earlier research on the influence of regulatory fit to the generation and regulation of emotions. We additionally emphasize the role of the context, by integrating current work on group-based emotion regulation in comparing single- and group-environments. We used a within-subjects design, with 2 (situational focus) x 2 (single/group environment) levels. Thirty-two male football players participated in one football-specific task per level. Emotional experience and cognitive regulation strategies were measured after each. Multilevel regression showed, that a regulatory fit predicted more passive-negative emotions in both and more active-negative emotions in the group-environments. The Regulatory fit predicted stronger use of functional regulation strategies in the single- but less in the group-environment. Group-membership predicted stronger use of group-based regulation strategies and weaker use of other strategies – thus indicating further constraints and new ways to cope. We discuss the counter-intuitive results regarding emotional experience in the light of the athletic context as well as theoretical accounts of regulatory fit and its role in moderating motivational intensity and value assignment. Results regarding influence of group-membership are integrated into current research and we highlight directions for future research.
NurtureToken New!

Token crowdsale for this paper ends in

Buy Nurture Tokens

Author

Are you an author of this paper? Check the Twitter handle we have for you is correct.

Christopher Martin Jones (add twitter)
Category

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Subcategories
Ask The Authors

Ask the authors of this paper a question or leave a comment.

Read it. Rate it.
#1. Which part of the paper did you read?

#2. The paper contains new data or analyses that is openly accessible?
#3. The conclusion is supported by the data and analyses?
#4. The conclusion is of scientific interest?
#5. The result is likely to lead to future research?

Github
User:
None (add)
Repo:
None (add)
Stargazers:
0
Forks:
0
Open Issues:
0
Network:
0
Subscribers:
0
Language:
None
Youtube
Link:
None (add)
Views:
0
Likes:
0
Dislikes:
0
Favorites:
0
Comments:
0
Other
Sample Sizes (N=):
Inserted:
Words Total:
Words Unique:
Source:
Abstract:
None
07/15/19 01:01PM
12,024
3,955
Tweets
psych_jones: Just uploaded a new #preprint to #PsyArXiv ( https://t.co/4NTfWMcUed )! We look at the role regulatory focus / fit might play in emotion generation and regulation - asking, does feeling „right“ imply feeling „good“? We additionally expand this view to group-based emotions… 1/4
Images
Related