Physical activity removes the negative impact of adverse childhood experiences and depression on functional dependence
Background. Adverse childhood experiences and functional dependence are related. However, mechanisms underlying this association remain unclear, including the potential of depression to mediate the effect of adverse childhood experiences on functional dependence in older age. Methods. Data from 25,775 adults aged 62±9 years from the Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) was used in adjusted linear mixed-effect models to test whether depression mediated the associations between adverse childhood experiences and functional dependence in activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and whether physical activity moderated these mediations. Results. As expected, adverse childhood experiences were positively associated with ADL (b = .040 for 0 vs. 1 and b = .067 for 0 vs. ≥2 adverse childhood experiences) and IADL (b = 0.046 for 0 vs. 1 and b = .076 for 0 vs. ≥2 adverse childhood experiences). Both associations were mediated by depression. Physical activity reduced the effect of adverse childhood experiences on depression (b = -.060 for 0 vs. 1 and b = -.135 for 0 vs. ≥2 adverse childhood experiences) and removed the effect of depression on functional dependence in ADL (b = .073) and IADL (b = .100), thereby eliminating the effect of adverse childhood experiences on functional dependence. Conclusions. Physical activity removes the negative impact of adverse childhood experiences on functional dependence. In inactive individuals, the effects of adverse childhood experiences on ADL and IADL are explained by the mediation effect of depression.
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Matthieu Boisgontier (edit)
Dan Orsholits (add twitter)
Martina von Arx (add twitter)
Stefan Sieber (add twitter)
Delphine Courvoisier (edit)
Maura Iversen (add twitter)
Stéphane Cullati (edit)
Boris Cheval (edit)
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Physical activity erases the effect of adverse childhood experiences on functional dependence in older age through its impact on the mediation by depression
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11/09/18 08:02AM
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ExPhysStudent: RT @SportRxiv: The preprint for this project can be found on @SportRxiv here: https://t.co/D8y397hDNl https://t.co/CKhlrooLat
MattBoisgontier: @Arkay30 @MichiganHHS Physical activity 🏒 can moderate this impact of ACEs on depression and also cancels its impact on functional dependence in older age. https://t.co/G5sks4M5N8 https://t.co/17GEcdVREm
MattBoisgontier: RT @SportRxiv: The preprint for this project can be found on @SportRxiv here: https://t.co/D8y397hDNl https://t.co/CKhlrooLat
SportRxiv: The preprint for this project can be found on @SportRxiv here: https://t.co/D8y397hDNl https://t.co/CKhlrooLat
MattBoisgontier: @Ekkekakis @M_A_Ladwig @MarkHartmanGolf Thanks for raising this Paddy! Here is our first contribution to examining (1) the effect of exercise on psychological variables 😉: Physical activity moderates the effect of adverse childhood experiences on depression in older adulthood https://t.co/G5sks4M5N8 https://t.co/lwF3cEubuQ
MattBoisgontier: 📢 New Preprint: 1- Depression mediates the effect of Adverse Childhood Events on older adults' functional dependence 2- Physical activity cancels the negative impact of ACEs and depression on functional dependence @chevalboris @StephaneCullati @NCCR_LIVES https://t.co/G5sks4M5N8 https://t.co/TRE7SEnbA4
MattBoisgontier: @claudiatfitz @ErinDunnScD @HarvardChanSPH You may be interested in our #preprint showing that adverse childhood experiences are associated with depression in older adulthood – and that this effect is moderated by physical activity 😉 https://t.co/G5sks53HbI
MattBoisgontier: @claudiatfitz @ErinDunnScD @HarvardChanSPH You may be interested in our #preprint showing that adverse childhood experiences are associated with depression in older adulthood – and that this effect is canceled in physically active individuals 😉 https://t.co/G5sks4M5N8
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