High Precision Determination of the Planck Constant by Modern Photoemission Spectroscopy
The Planck constant, with its mathematical symbol $h$, is a fundamental constant in quantum mechanics that is associated with the quantization of light and matter. It is also of fundamental importance to metrology, such as the definition of ohm and volt, and the latest definition of kilogram. One of the first measurements to determine the Planck constant is based on the photoelectric effect, however, the values thus obtained so far have exhibited a large uncertainty. The accepted value of the Planck constant, 6.62607015$\times$10$^{-34}$ J$\cdot$s, is obtained from one of the most precise methods, the Kibble balance, which involves quantum Hall effect, Josephson effect and the use of the International Prototype of the Kilogram (IPK) or its copies. Here we present a precise determination of the Planck constant by modern photoemission spectroscopy technique. Through the direct use of the Einstein's photoelectric equation, the Planck constant is determined by measuring accurately the energy position of the gold Fermi level using light sources with various photon wavelengths. The precision of the measured Planck constant, 6.62610(13)$\times$10$^{-34}$ J$\cdot$s, is four to five orders of magnitude improved from the previous photoelectric effect measurements. It has rendered photoemission method to become one of the most accurate methods in determining the Planck constant. We propose that this direct method of photoemission spectroscopy has advantages and a potential to further increase its measurement precision of the Planck constant to be comparable to the most accurate methods that are available at present.
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Jianwei Huang (edit)
Dingsong Wu (add twitter)
Yongqing Cai (add twitter)
Yu Xu (edit)
Cong Li (add twitter)
Qiang Gao (edit)
Lin Zhao (edit)
Guodong Liu (add twitter)
Zuyan Xu (add twitter)
X. J. Zhou (add twitter)
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09/15/19 06:02PM
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tjmlab: High Precision Determination of the Planck Constant by Modern Photoemission Spectroscopy https://t.co/nww4507Nt5 光電子分光でプランク定数を直接精密に測定できるやん!論文、その発想はなかった
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