Emergent spacetime and gravitational Nieh-Yan anomaly in chiral $p+ip$ Weyl superfluids and superconductors
Momentum transport is anomalous in chiral $p+ip$ superfluids and superconductors in the presence of textures and superflow. Using the gradient expansion of the semi-classical approximation, we show how gauge and Galilean symmetries induce an emergent curved spacetime with torsion and curvature for the quasirelativistic low-energy Majorana-Weyl quasiparticles. We explicitly show the emergence of the spin-connection and curvature, in addition to torsion, using the superfluid hydrodynamics. The background constitutes an emergent quasirelativistic Riemann-Cartan spacetime for the Weyl quasiparticles and they satisfy the conservation laws associated with local Lorentz symmetry, restricted to the plane of uniaxial anisotropy of the superfluid (or -conductor). Moreover, we show that the anomalous Galilean momentum conservation is a consequence of the gravitational Nieh-Yan (NY) chiral anomaly the Weyl fermions experience on the background geometry. Notably, the NY anomaly coefficient features a non-universal ultraviolet cut-off scale $\Lambda$, with canonical dimensions of momentum. Comparison of the anomaly equation and the hydrodynamic equations suggests that the value of the cut-off parameter $\Lambda$ is determined by the normal state Fermi liquid and non-relativistic uniaxial symmetry of the $p$-wave superfluid or superconductor.
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Jaakko Nissinen (add twitter)
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09/12/19 06:01PM
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