Explicit-Duration Markov Switching Models
Markov switching models (MSMs) are probabilistic models that employ multiple sets of parameters to describe different dynamic regimes that a time series may exhibit at different periods of time. The switching mechanism between regimes is controlled by unobserved random variables that form a first-order Markov chain. Explicit-duration MSMs contain additional variables that explicitly model the distribution of time spent in each regime. This allows to define duration distributions of any form, but also to impose complex dependence between the observations and to reset the dynamics to initial conditions. Models that focus on the first two properties are most commonly known as hidden semi-Markov models or segment models, whilst models that focus on the third property are most commonly known as changepoint models or reset models. In this monograph, we provide a description of explicit-duration modelling by categorizing the different approaches into three groups, which differ in encoding in the explicit-duration variables different information about regime change/reset boundaries. The approaches are described using the formalism of graphical models, which allows to graphically represent and assess statistical dependence and therefore to easily describe the structure of complex models and derive inference routines. The presentation is intended to be pedagogical, focusing on providing a characterization of the three groups in terms of model structure constraints and inference properties. The monograph is supplemented with a software package that contains most of the models and examples described. The material presented should be useful to both researchers wishing to learn about these models and researchers wishing to develop them further.
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Silvia Chiappa (edit)
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09/12/19 06:01PM
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StatsPapers: Explicit-Duration Markov Switching Models. https://t.co/QmnvWJlzuK
arxiv_cs_LG: Explicit-Duration Markov Switching Models. Silvia Chiappa https://t.co/XCTANol2sU
arxivml: "Explicit-Duration Markov Switching Models", Silvia Chiappa https://t.co/vx84ATgOny
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