A single photonic cavity with two independent physical synthetic dimensions
The concept of synthetic dimensions, which has enabled the study of higher-dimensional physics on lower-dimensional physical structures, has generated significant recent interest in many branches of science ranging from ultracold-atomic physics to photonics, since such a concept provides a versatile platform for realizing effective gauge potentials and novel topological physics. Previous experiments demonstrating this concept have augmented the real-space dimensionality by one additional physical synthetic dimension. Here we endow a single ring resonator with two independent physical synthetic dimensions. Our system consists of a temporally modulated ring resonator with spatial coupling between the clockwise and counterclockwise modes, creating a synthetic Hall ladder along the frequency and pseudospin degrees of freedom for photons propagating in the ring. We experimentally observe a wide variety of rich physics, including effective spin-orbit coupling, magnetic fields, spin-momentum locking, a Meissner-to-vortex phase transition, and chiral currents, completely in synthetic dimensions. Our experiments demonstrate that higher-dimensional physics can be studied in simple systems by leveraging the concept of multiple simultaneous synthetic dimensions.
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Avik Dutt (edit)
Qian Lin (add twitter)
Luqi Yuan (add twitter)
Momchil Minkov (add twitter)
Meng Xiao (add twitter)
Shanhui Fan (add twitter)
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09/11/19 06:05PM
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