Modeling and Control of a Reconfigurable Photonic Circuit using Deep Learning
The complexity of experimental quantum information processing devices is increasing rapidly, requiring new approaches to control them. In this paper, we address the problems of practically modeling and controlling an integrated optical waveguide array chip, a technology expected to have many applications in telecommunications and optical quantum information processing. This photonic circuit can be electrically reconfigured, but only the output optical signal can be monitored. As a result, the conventional control methods cannot be naively applied. Characterizing such a chip is challenging for three reasons. First, there are uncertainties associated with the Hamiltonian describing the chip. Second, we expect distortions of the control voltages caused by the chip's electrical response, which cannot be directly observed. Finally, there are imperfections in the measurements caused by losses from coupling the chip externally to optical fibers. We developed a deep neural network approach to solve these problems. The architecture is designed specifically to overcome the aforementioned challenges using a Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU)-based network as the central component. The Hamiltonian is estimated as a blackbox, while the rules of quantum mechanics such as state evolution is embedded in the structure as a whitebox. The resulting overall graybox model of the chip shows good performance both quantitatively in terms of the mean square error and qualitatively in terms of the predicted waveforms. We use this neural network to solve a classical and a quantum control problem. In the classical application we find a control sequence to approximately realize a time-dependent output power distribution. For the quantum application we obtain the control voltages to realize a target set of quantum gates. The proposed method is generic and can be applied to other systems that can only be probed indirectly.
NurtureToken New!

Token crowdsale for this paper ends in

Buy Nurture Tokens

Authors

Are you an author of this paper? Check the Twitter handle we have for you is correct.

Akram Youssry (add twitter)
Robert J. Chapman (add twitter)
Alberto Peruzzo (edit)
Christopher Ferrie (edit)
Marco Tomamichel (edit)
Ask The Authors

Ask the authors of this paper a question or leave a comment.

Read it. Rate it.
#1. Which part of the paper did you read?

#2. The paper contains new data or analyses that is openly accessible?
#3. The conclusion is supported by the data and analyses?
#4. The conclusion is of scientific interest?
#5. The result is likely to lead to future research?

Github
User:
None (add)
Repo:
None (add)
Stargazers:
0
Forks:
0
Open Issues:
0
Network:
0
Subscribers:
0
Language:
None
Youtube
Link:
None (add)
Views:
0
Likes:
0
Dislikes:
0
Favorites:
0
Comments:
0
Other
Sample Sizes (N=):
Inserted:
Words Total:
Words Unique:
Source:
Abstract:
None
07/18/19 06:03PM
9,146
2,159
Tweets
Nobody has tweeted about this paper.
Images
Related