A stroboscopic approach to trapped-ion quantum information processing
with squeezed phonons
In trapped-ion quantum information processing, interactions between spins
(qubits) are mediated by collective modes of motion of an ion crystal. While
there are many different experimental strategies to design such interactions,
they all face both technical and fundamental limitations to the achievable
coherent interaction strength. In general, obtaining strong interactions and
fast gates is an ongoing challenge. Here, we extend previous work [Phys. Rev.
Lett. 112, 030501 (2019)] and present a general strategy for enhancing the
interaction strengths in trapped-ion systems via parametric amplification of
the ions' motion. Specifically, we propose a stroboscopic protocol using
alternating applications of parametric amplification and spin-motion coupling.
In comparison with the previous work, we show that the current protocol can
lead to larger enhancements in the coherent interaction that increase
exponentially with the gate time.