Influence of Backside Energy Leakages from Hadronic Calorimeters on
Fluctuation Measures in Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions
The phase diagram of the strongly interacting matter is the main research
subject for different current and future experiments in high-energy physics.
System size and energy scan programs aim to find a possible critical point. One
of such programs was accomplished by the fixed-target NA61/SHINE experiment in
2018. It includes six beam energies and six colliding systems: p + p, Be + Be,
Ar + Sc, Xe + La, Pb + Pb and p + Pb. In this study, we discuss how the
efficiency of centrality selection by forward spectators influences
multiplicity and fluctuation measures and how this influence depends on the
size of colliding systems. We use SHIELD and EPOS Monte-Carlo (MC) generators
along with the wounded nucleon model, introduce a probability to lose a forward
spectator and spectator energy loss. We show that for light colliding systems
such as Be or Li even a small inefficiency in centrality selection has a
dramatic impact on multiplicity scaled variance. Conversely, heavy systems such
as Ar + Sc are much less prone to the effect.