Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines
There is extensive, yet fragmented, evidence of gender differences in academia suggesting that women are under-represented in most scientific disciplines, publish fewer articles throughout a career, and their work acquires fewer citations. Here, we offer a comprehensive picture of longitudinal gender discrepancies in performance through a bibliometric analysis of academic careers by reconstructing the complete publication history of over 1.5 million gender-identified authors whose publishing career ended between 1955 and 2010, covering 83 countries and 13 disciplines. We find that, paradoxically, the increase of participation of women in science over the past 60 years was accompanied by an increase of gender differences in both productivity and impact. Most surprisingly though, we uncover two gender invariants, finding that men and women publish at a comparable annual rate and have equivalent career-wise impact for the same size body of work. Finally, we demonstrate that differences in dropout rates and career length explain a large portion of the reported career-wise differences in productivity and impact. This comprehensive picture of gender inequality in academia can help rephrase the conversation around the sustainability of women's careers in academia, with important consequences for institutions and policy makers.
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Junming Huang (add twitter)
Alexander J. Gates (add twitter)
Roberta Sinatra (add twitter)
Albert-Laszlo Barabasi (edit)
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07/09/19 06:02PM
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robysinatra: @joseph_fridman Thank you for the great coverage yesterday! Models can be applied regardless of gender. However gender is important for the specific value of the parameters (Q, dropout rate, productivity, and much more). We have started looking into this here https://t.co/5OflLvYK3T
stormkees: Equal productivity/equal impact/diff’t M/F exit rates at all career stages. Comprehensive analysis yields further #leakypipeline evidence. Via @FabioGrillo89 ‘Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines https://t.co/GWZwuyhoSj
lisagiven: #Academia loses "women at a higher rate at every [career stage]. The cumulative impact...dramatically increases the gender disparity for senior mentors in academia, perpetuating the cycle of lower retention and advancement of female faculty.” #genderequity https://t.co/s69OV9iJVx
COBGalicia: Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines. Cornell University. 9/VII/19. https://t.co/0gbFbqcQIc
LudoWaltman: Large-scale bibliometric analysis suggests that gender differences in academia can largely be explained by differences between men and women in dropout rates and career length https://t.co/WMMYIFzzB1 @robysinatra @barabasi https://t.co/PGb4uEN8i9
Eliilucha: RT @andres_oliva: Porcentaje de mujeres en la Ciencia. Mirá 🇦🇷 https://t.co/Bf4mKwvVqs https://t.co/rr9EbUkRZS
girlsinict1: RT @GEMF_RSEF: «Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines» https://t.co/GJqtaZ9mKM
maral_kh: RT @maral_iranwic: A must read paper! https://t.co/1xRSKnZ7ir https://t.co/I3UbrD5FkR
maral_iranwic: A must read paper! https://t.co/1xRSKnZ7ir https://t.co/I3UbrD5FkR
GuilleGoldes: RT @andres_oliva: Porcentaje de mujeres en la Ciencia. Mirá 🇦🇷 https://t.co/Bf4mKwvVqs https://t.co/rr9EbUkRZS
andres_oliva: Porcentaje de mujeres en la Ciencia. Mirá 🇦🇷 https://t.co/Bf4mKwvVqs https://t.co/rr9EbUkRZS
C_Andreopoulos: A comprehensive study on #gender #inequality in #science: No discernible difference in impact between male and female scientists for the same size body of work. Women 20% more likely to dropout. Career length differences drive the total productivity gap - https://t.co/qm7MyTHtzE
Pulidobatido: RT @GEMF_RSEF: «Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines» https://t.co/GJqtaZ9mKM
GEMF_RSEF: «Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines» https://t.co/GJqtaZ9mKM
elena_senis: Si nuestro ritmo de publicación e índice de impacto es similar al de los hombres, por qué nos vamos? Situaciones de acoso? Imposibilidad de compaginar maternidad y carrera? Hartazgo de aguantar machos alfa ególatras? Se aceptan propuestas https://t.co/QrrP5V7nZS https://t.co/VCXqP2NRTB
jelenwalker: RT @sedopticamof: Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines https://t.co/TXwmULDgVd
Mcotsar: RT @sedopticamof: Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines https://t.co/TXwmULDgVd
Cuentificas: RT @sedopticamof: Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines https://t.co/TXwmULDgVd
sedopticamof: Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines https://t.co/TXwmULDgVd
monike_nicolas: Julio 2019, Cornell University Library: “Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines” By Junming Huang, Alexander J. Gates, Roberta Sinatra, Albert-Laszlo Barabasi https://t.co/gWmydV987t #WomenInSTEM
monike_nicolas: #WomenInSTEM #Data #equality https://t.co/gWmydV987t
FHI_SabIA: A very comprehensive study on gender-related questions in STEM: https://t.co/uJFmijboga
astro_dust: RT @AndreeaFont: A new, extensive study of gender inequality in science https://t.co/6SP4CjBF4i "We find that, paradoxically, the increase…
AndreeaFont: A new, extensive study of gender inequality in science https://t.co/6SP4CjBF4i "We find that, paradoxically, the increase of participation of women in science over the past 60 years was accompanied by an increase of gender differences in both productivity and impact. "
steinly0: RT @orzelc: This comprehensive analysis of publishing careers to determine the causes of gender gaps is fascinating: https://t.co/z5nc55AVE6
not_pascal: RT @orzelc: This comprehensive analysis of publishing careers to determine the causes of gender gaps is fascinating: https://t.co/z5nc55AVE6
orzelc: Anyway, it's a very interesting analysis, and much more straightforward and readable than a lot of work in the same general area. https://t.co/z5nc55AVE6
orzelc: This comprehensive analysis of publishing careers to determine the causes of gender gaps is fascinating: https://t.co/z5nc55AVE6
gfbertone: Impressive study on gender gap in academia (1.5 million authors, 83 countries, 13 disciplines) demonstrates that differences in dropout rates and career length explain a large portion of reported differences in productivity and impact between men and women https://t.co/lFfEl3dhOl https://t.co/2QKbjdDiNN
Magda_Skipper: “Dropout differences are the main (but not only) roots of the observed gender-based impact-differences.” We need to build an effective support system so that women can stay in academia & continue their career - paraphrasing @barabasi https://t.co/dWRgaobhj0 @arxiv #preprint
reb_42: @JoseDavidTR https://t.co/FyFJlYvEeS
CientificasEC: Comparación histórica de la #DesigualdadPorGénero en carreras científicas en diferentes países y diferentes disciplinas científicas: https://t.co/NDJY010j6I #MujeresEnCiencias #Latinoamerica @RedInvestChile @mujerconciencia @MujerCientifica @11defebreroES @MujerEnCiencia https://t.co/p85yc2zuCp
mariacsegovia: Excelente artículo . Gracias @lindaguaman por compartir https://t.co/dV46tAW9Fe
GaetanBurgio: This paper on #gendergap in academia over 1.5 millions authors that have published btw 1955 & 2010 says: that despite similar productivity btw men & women, dropout rate of #women in academia in all stage of career largely explains #gendergap #womeninSTEMM https://t.co/X5mmWPDxzl https://t.co/THTblqPHTh
Bioinfo4women: Result 3 in @barabasi's paper: "Differences in dropout rates and career length explain a large portion of the reported career-wise differences in productivity and impact between men and women" https://t.co/ZrbqlNZ7y9 #gender #genderGap #academia #WomeninSTEM #WomeninTech
Bioinfo4women: Result 2 in @barabasi's paper: "Men and women publish at a comparable annual rate and have equivalent career-wise impact for the same size body of work" https://t.co/ZrbqlNZ7y9 #gender #genderGap #academia #WomeninSTEM #WomeninTech
Bioinfo4women: Result 1 in @barabasi's paper: The increase of participation of women in science over the past 60 years was accompanied by an increase of gender differences in both productivity and impact. https://t.co/ZrbqlNZ7y9 #gender #genderGap #academia #WomeninSTEM #WomeninTech
Bioinfo4women: Good morning and good read! @barabasi team pre-prints on #gender bibliometric analysis: 💥"Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines" https://t.co/ZrbqlNZ7y9 via @arxiv #OA #genderGap #academia #WomeninSTEM #WomeninTech
kowalskijanpl: Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines Kobiety, nauka, nierówności, #płeć https://t.co/KL4B2vWVQI https://t.co/9QjwEPJHd8
alexvespi: Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines “bibliometric analysis of academic careers by reconstructing the complete publication history of over 1.5 million gender-identified authors” https://t.co/cKD8nx6hh3 https://t.co/gcUIey6kir
emulenews: Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines (Albert-Laszlo Barabasi et al.) https://t.co/uEeNppQAiV cc @jmaphys https://t.co/7iyTLcIIuX
net_science: Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines. (arXiv:1907.04103v1 [cs.DL]) https://t.co/coh9iIvq2v
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