Arithmetic progressions represented by diagonal ternary quadratic forms
Let $d>r\ge0$ be integers. For positive integers $a,b,c$, if any term of the arithmetic progression $\{r+dn:\ n=0,1,2,\ldots\}$ can be written as $ax^2+by^2+cz^2$ with $x,y,z\in\mathbb Z$, then the form $ax^2+by^2+cz^2$ is called $(d,r)$-universal. In this paper, via the theory of ternary quadratic forms we study the $(d,r)$-universality of some diagonal ternary quadratic forms conjectured by L. Pehlivan and K. S. Williams, and Z.-W. Sun. For example, we prove that $2x^2+3y^2+10z^2$ is $(8,5)$-universal, $x^2+3y^2+8z^2$ and $x^2+2y^2+12z^2$ are $(10,1)$-universal and $(10,9)$-universal, and $3x^2+5y^2+15z^2$ is $(15,8)$-universal.
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Hai-Liang Wu (add twitter)
Zhi-Wei Sun (add twitter)
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Mathematics - Number Theory

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11/14/18 06:03PM
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