Deep Learning-Based BSDE Solver for Libor Market Model with Application to Bermudan Swaption Pricing and Hedging
The Libor market model is a mainstay term structure model of interest rates for derivatives pricing, especially for Bermudan swaptions, and other exotic Libor callable derivatives. For numerical implementation the pricing of derivatives with Libor market models is mainly carried out with Monte Carlo simulation. The PDE grid approach is not particularly feasible due to Curse of Dimensionality. The standard Monte Carlo method for American/Bermudan swaption pricing more or less uses regression to estimate expected value as a linear combination of basis functions (Longstaff and Schwartz). However, Monte Carlo method only provides the lower bound for American option price. Another complexity is the computation of the sensitivities of the option, the so-called Greeks, which are fundamental for a trader's hedging activity. Recently, an alternative numerical method based on deep learning and backward stochastic differential equations appeared in quite a few researches. For European style options the feedforward deep neural networks (DNN) show not only feasibility but also efficiency to obtain both prices and numerical Greeks. In this paper, a new backward DNN solver is proposed for Bermudan swaptions. Our approach is representing financial pricing problems in the form of high dimensional stochastic optimal control problems, FBSDEs, or equivalent PDEs. We demonstrate that using backward DNN the high-dimension Bermudan swaption pricing and hedging can be solved effectively and efficiently. A comparison between Monte Carlo simulation and the new method for pricing vanilla interest rate options manifests the superior performance of the new method. We then use this method to calculate prices and Greeks of Bermudan swaptions as a prelude for other Libor callable derivatives.
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Haojie Wang (add twitter)
Han Chen (add twitter)
Agus Sudjianto (add twitter)
Richard Liu (add twitter)
Qi Shen (add twitter)
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07/19/18 12:45AM
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