Identifying Reionization Sources from 21cm Maps using Convolutional Neural Networks
Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) and star-forming galaxies are leading candidates for being the luminous sources that reionized our Universe. Next-generation 21cm surveys are promising to break degeneracies between a broad range of reionization models, hence revealing the nature of the source population. While many current efforts are focused on a measurement of the 21cm power spectrum, some surveys will also image the 21cm field during reionization. This provides further information with which to determine the nature of reionizing sources. We create a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) that is efficiently able to distinguish between 21cm maps that are produced by AGN versus galaxies scenarios with an accuracy of 92-100%, depending on redshift and neutral fraction range. When adding thermal noise from typical 21cm experiments, the classification accuracy depends strongly on the effectiveness of foreground removal. Our results show that if foregrounds can be removed reasonably well, both SKA and HERA should be able to discriminate between source models with greater accuracy than using the power spectrum alone.
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Sultan Hassan (add twitter)
Adrian Liu (add twitter)
Saul Kohn (add twitter)
Paul La Plante (add twitter)
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07/12/18 11:17PM
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SMBKRHYT: https://t.co/JBe8vj8UF2 再電離源としては銀河とAGNが候補としてあげられらが、イオン化バブルの特徴からどちらのソースがイオン化源かを21cm mapからdistinguishするためにCNNを用いたという話。
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