Top 6 Lawarxiv Papers Today in Arts And Humanities


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#1. Correcting the record: Australian prosecutions for manslaughter in the medical context
David J Carter
The failure to prosecute Dr Jayant Patel successfully for any of the deaths associated with his time as Director of Surgery at Bundaberg Base Hospital was received in some quarters as an abject failure of the criminal law to deal adequately with significant wrongdoing. The case itself, the multiple public inquiries and the significant expense to pursue, extradite and prosecute Patel, resulting finally in a finding of guilt on a number of minor fraud charges, seems to compound this sense of failure. This article argues otherwise. When placed within the far longer and forgotten history of the prosecution of manslaughter by criminal negligence in the Australian jurisdiction, this story of prosecutorial failure becomes instead wholly consistent with the case law over time. No adequate account of the history of prosecution in the Australian jurisdiction exists for this area of law. To present Patel in context, the article draws upon archival research to provide a significantly extended account of the history of prosecution for...
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 16429
Unqiue Words: 4492

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#2. Book review: Romanian Academy (1866-2016). Bases, traditions and legal values (By: Prof. PhD Mircea Dutu, Dr.HC)
Ionel BOSTAN
Here is the most important book that relates to the creation and evolution of the Romanian Academy. The paper is written by the Director of the Institute for Legal Research "Acad. Andrei Rădulescu" (Romanian Academy). This brings many new and interesting elements related to the theme. The moment of publishing is the year in which one and a half centuries are celebrated since the establishment of the prestigious institution.
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Authors: 1
Total Words: 847
Unqiue Words: 451

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#3. Reading the High Court at A Distance: Topic Modelling The Legal Subject Matter and Judicial Activity of the High Court of Australia, 1903-2015
David J Carter, James J. Brown, Adel Rahmani
In this article we apply the method of quantitative textual analysis known as ‘topic modelling’ to a significant Australian legal text corpus: that of judgments of the High Court of Australia from 1903 to 2015. The High Court of Australia has been a perennial topic for study and analysis. It is the highest court in the Australian judicial hierarchy and the site of many of the most significant contests of legal doctrine and practice in Australian history. We find that the topic models generated by this research enable the development of a range of unique, novel and robust observations of the High Court’s judicial workload and the shifting make-up of its legal subject matter over time. Moreover, this article reveals the feasibility and value of topic modelling as a method for the study of legal texts and practices that might fruitfully complement other methods of legal scholarship. The results represent a unique, novel and robust contribution to the study of the High Court’s judicial workload throughout its history. The method...
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Authors: 3
Total Words: 17370
Unqiue Words: 4876

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#4. A Home for Faculty in the Library: Digital Publishing and Exercises in Innovation from Harvard Law School
Kyle K. Courtney, Claire DeMarco
As libraries continue transforming through the digital age, we are faced with a familiar opportunity for renewal: the deepening of the faculty-library relationship -- this time in a digital framework. Instead of simply complementing analog disciplines with digital counterparts, a broader medium of “digital scholarship” is rapidly expanding among and across all disciplines. Like any rapid expansion, there is no one clear path. Hundreds of platforms are vying for prominence in the digital scholarship space; commercial publishers are developing, enhancing, and re-branding online portals to meet this demand. Rather than coping with that uncertainty, however, or formatting their work to fit a standard, commercial digital mold, many faculty are turning to trusted sources: librarians. Faculty are seeking guidance, support, and resources to meet their digital scholarship needs, meaning libraries are presently in a position to become the place where -- and the partner through which -- faculty create, manage, and store digital scholarship...
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Authors: 2
Total Words: 4825
Unqiue Words: 1543

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#5. Sexism, Sexual Violence, Sexuality, and the Schooling of Girls in Africa: A Case Study from Lusaka Province, Zambia
Cynthia Grant Bowman, Elizabeth Brundige, Cornell Law Library
23 Texas Journal of Women and the Law 37 (2013) While the education of girls is central to development in Africa, persisting obstacles have prevented the full implementation of this goal. African countries have made significant progress in expanding girls' participation in schooling, yet many girls remain unable to access and benefit from a quality education on an equal basis with boys. This study, involving interviews of 105 schoolgirls in and around Lusaka, Zambia in May 2012, describes and discusses the following obstacles: (1) discriminatory treatment that reflects the persistence of sexist ideas about the position and capabilities of girls; (2) sexual abuse of schoolgirls, including constant harassment by boy pupils and requests for sex by male teachers; and (3) issues of sexuality involving teen pregnancy and societal attitudes toward sex. After presenting these findings and situating them in the social and economic context of modern-day Zambia, the article sets forth a variety of recommendations for change, including those...
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Authors: 3
Total Words: 17809
Unqiue Words: 4796

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#6. Understanding Public Expectations of Healthcare Quality and Safety Regulation in Australia
David J Carter, James J. Brown, Carla Saunders
The regulation of health care services has a range of goals. Improving the safety and quality of healthcare is one of them. However, there is a lack of good quality evidence about what members of the Australian community believe and expect in relation to the regulation of healthcare safety. To elicit the Australian public’s voice on issues related to the governance of health care quality and safety, we developed a survey instrument that reflected core elements of Australian approach to regulating health care safety and quality. This Policy Brief describes the results of the survey, highlighting the important areas of similarity and difference between the views of the community and existing regulatory frameworks. In summary, the general public expect a graduated approach to stakeholder responsibility, monitoring and regulatory responses to failures in the quality and safety of healthcare. However, Reliance on decentralised accreditation-centric quality improvement mechanisms is not sufficient. The community expects more centralised...
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Authors: 3
Total Words: 2578
Unqiue Words: 929

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