Top 4 Engrxiv Papers Today


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#1. Conventional Data Science Techniques to Bioinformatics and Utilizing a Grid Computing Approach to Computational Medicine
Andrew Kamal
Conventional data visualization software have greatly improved the efficiency of the mining and visualization of biomedical data. However, when one applies a grid computing approach the efficiency and complexity of such visualization allows for a hypothetical increase in research opportunities. This paper will present data visualization examples presented in conventional networks, then go into higher details about more complex techniques related to leveraging parallel processing architecture. Part of these complex techniques include the attempt to build a basic general adversarial network (GAN) in order to increase the statistical pool of biomedical data for analysis as well as an introduction to the project utilizing the decentralized-internet SDK. This paper is meant to show you said conventional examples then go into details about the deeper experimentation and self contained results.
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#2. Development of notional bridges for the redundancy evaluation of two steel box girder bridges
Mohammad Abedin
Onset and progression of damage in bridges of various types are not always visually detectable. There have been instances that hidden damages in structural members such as girders, bracing and bridge deck have caused catastrophic collapses costing life and money . Steel bridges with fracture critical elements and cable-supported/post-tensioned bridges are among vivid examples of such cases. The failure of the Silver Bridge in Ohio in 1967, Collapse of I-35 W bridge over Mississippi River in 2007, pedestrian bridge collapse over a congested road in Miami, FL, in 2018, closure of I-526 Bridge over Wando River due to rupture of post-tensioning tendons and closure of Chicago's Lake Shore Drive Bridge due to cracks in structural steel support girders are examples that could be prevented if the onset and progress of damages could be detected early. After each failure incident, state and federal agencies normally issue instruction for in-depth inspection of all population of bridges with similar characteristics, imposing huge costs and...
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engrXiv: "Development of notional bridges for the redundancy evaluation of two steel box girder bridges" - https://t.co/E393Yiqt5w #engineering
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#3. A Systematic Analysis of Basin Effects on Surface Ground Motion
Peyman Ayoubi, Kami Mohammadi, Domniki Asimaki
"Basin effects'' refers to trapped and reverberating earthquake waves in soft sedimentary deposits overlying convex depressions of the basement bedrock, which significantly alter frequency content, amplitude, and duration of seismic waves. This has played an important role \on shaking duration and intensity in past earthquakes such as the $M_w$ 8.0 1985 Micho\'acan, Mexico, $M_w$ 6.9 1995 Kobe, Japan, and $M_w$ 7.8 2015 Gorkha, Nepal. Although the phenomenon has been understood and addressed in the literature, it has not been fully incorporated in seismic hazard analysis, and Ground Motion Prediction Equations (GMPE). In this study, we perform a finite element analysis to conduct an extensive parametric study on the characteristics of surface ground motion associated with basin effects. We use an elastic medium subjected to vertically propagating SV plane waves and utilize idealized basin shapes to examine the effects of geometric and material properties. We specifically study the effects of four dimensionless parameters, the...
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#4. Explorative study on adaptive facades with superelastic antagonistic actuation
Filipe Amarante dos Santos, Chiara Bedon, Andrea Micheletti
Glass facades and enclosures are highly attractive structures with increasing popularity between architects and engineers. These structures show very specific design requirements so as to guarantee an efficient interaction with the other building components. This is especially true in the case of "adaptive" glass systems, with continuously changing configurations according to a given design criteria. The main goal of this explorative study is the design of an adaptive facade module with antagonistic actuation. The geometry of the glazing system is controlled by pairs of superelastic cables actuated against each other in a reversible way. Superelasticity is here exploited so as to improve the structural behavior of the facade system subjected to wind loads. The efficiency of the proposed design concept is demonstrated via Finite-Element numerical analyses and also from test data obtained from an experimental prototype. It is shown that the the proposed control approach can yield substantial structural enhancements and benefits...
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