Top 1 Biorxiv Papers Today in Scientific Communication And Education


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#1. Plagiarism in Brazil: A perspective of 25,000 PhD holders across the sciences
Sonia MR Vasconcelos, Hatisaburo Masuda, Martha M Sorenson, Franscisco Prosdocimi, Marisa Palacios, Edson Watanabe, Jose Carlos CS Pinto, Jose R Lapa e Silva, Adalberto R Vieyra, Andre Pinto, Jesus Mena-Chalco, Mauricio C Sant'Ana, Miguel Roig
When it comes to ownership of ideas in science, Robert K. Merton (1957) observed in Priorities in Scientific Discovery: A Chapter in the Sociology of Science that 'what is true of physics, chemistry, astronomy, medicine and mathematics is true also of all the other scientific disciplines, not excluding the social and psychological sciences'. However, consensus over related issues, such as what constitutes plagiarism in these fields cannot be taken for granted. We conducted a comprehensive study on plagiarism views among PhD holders registered in the database of the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq). We collected 25,157 valid responses encompassing views and attitudes toward plagiarism from a probability sample of PhD holders across the fields, including biologists, physicists, mathematicians, and engineers as well as linguists, philosophers and anthropologists. The results suggest that core principles about plagiarism are shared among this multidisciplinary community and that they...
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